Science Fact: Scientists Achieve 'Star Trek'-Like Feat

From: Ralph Muha
Subject: Scientists Achieve 'Star Trek'-Like Feat
Date: 10 Dec 1997 21:11:24 GMT

AP 10-DEC-97

NEW YORK (AP) Scientists have pulled off a startling trick that looks like the "Beam-me-up-Scotty" technology of science fiction.

In an Austrian laboratory, scientists destroyed bits of light in one place and made perfect replicas appear about three feet away.

They did that by transferring information about a crucial physical characteristic of the original light bits, called photons. The information was picked up by other photons, which took on that characteristic and so became replicas of the originals.

The phenomenon that made it happen is so bizarre that even Albert Einstein didn't believe in it. He called it spooky.

In addition to raising the rather fantastic notion of a new means of transportation, the trick could lead to ultra-fast computers.

The experiment is reported in Thursday's issue of the journal Nature by Anton Zeilinger and colleagues at the University of Innsbruck in Austria. Another research team, based in Rome, has done similar work and submitted its report to another journal.

The work is the first to demonstrate "quantum teleportation," a bizarre shifting of physical characteristics between nature's tiniest particles, no matter how far apart they are.

Scientists might be able to achieve teleportation between atoms within a few years and molecules within a decade or so, Zeilinger said.

The underlying principle is fundamentally different from the "Star Trek" process of beaming people around, but could teleportation be used on people? Could scientists extract information from every tiny particle in a person, transfer it to a bunch of particles elsewhere, and assemble those particles into an exact replica of the person?

There's no theoretical problem with that, several experts said. But get real.

"I think it's quite clear that anything approximating teleportation of complex living beings, even bacteria, is so far away technologically that it's not really worth thinking about it," said IBM physicist Charles H. Bennett. He and other physicists proposed quantum teleportation in 1993.

There would just be too much information to assemble and transmit, he and others said. Even if it were possible someday, it would be so expensive that "probably it's just as cheap to send the real person," said Benjamin Schumacher of Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio.

Besides, Schumacher said, teleportation would "kill you and take you apart atom by atom so you could be reassembled at the other end, one hopes. It doesn't seem like a good idea to me."

Much more likely, experts said, is using teleportation between tiny particles to set up quantum computers. These devices would use teleportation to sling data around, and they could solve certain complex problems much faster than today's machines.

In the new work, scientists transferred the trait of "polarization" between photons. Light behaves like both a photon particle and as a wave. A light wave has peaks and troughs like an ocean wave, and polarization refers to the directions in which these peaks and troughs point. Photons retain this trait.

To transfer the polarization between photons, the researchers used a phenomenon called entanglement, which a disbelieving Einstein derided.

Since then, however, it's been shown to be real.

When two photons are entangled, "they have opposite luck," said IBM's Bennett. Whatever happens to one is the opposite of what happens to the other. In particular, their polarizations are the opposite of each other.

Here's how the Austrians took advantage of that: Call three photons A, B and C, and assume the goal is to transmit A's polarization to C. The researchers created B and C as entangled photons. Then they entangled B with A.

That second step destroyed A, but not before B took on the opposite of A's original state. This change meant B's entangled partner, C, had to change polarization to remain the opposite of B's. So C's polarization ended up the same as A's used to be. The polarization was transmitted.

The process worked only 25 percent of the time because of how the experiment was set up. It's possible to go to 75 percent and scientists will shoot for that, Zeilinger said.

If the notion of entanglement leaves your head spinning, don't feel bad.

Zeilinger said he doesn't understand how it works either.

"And you can quote me on that," he said.
Copyright 1997 & The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Holographic Universe w/Alain Aspect experiment

Date: Tue, 18 Mar 1997 06:37:57 -0700
From: Frederick N. Gleicher
To: Jerry Decker
Subject: Re: David Hamels magnetic rotational device

Hi Jerry!

I'm up early this morning with a new idea after sleeping on the information I read yesterday. Here goes. If the information presented in the file about laser holograms is correct (and it ties in with theories about oscillating potentials and everything being one frequency, or derived from one frequency), then it follows that matter replicators similar to Star Trek stuff come into the realm of physical possibility.

I think thinking along these lines help to understand what's going on in the real world since one would follow the same laws. Now, how would one go about building one?

Well, if matter is really just an interference pattern, then basically it is just a question of generating and focusing the correct frequencies in relation to each other and to this particular spacetime continuum. Take the simpest arrangement of matter known to exist. Hydrogen atom. It should be possible to duplicate the interference patterns that this is composed of.

Remember, frequencies interact, add and subtract, etc. Suppose one takes three emitters of vibration (three being the minimum number to define volume). One could then choose certain frequencies the emitters would emit, and the frequencies would be additive and subtractive and obey all the laws of vibration in this continuum.

Now, if one were to choose the frequencies correctly with relation to each other and to the continuum, what could one obtain? We know that one would have certain sum and difference frequencies and there would be phasing effects.

I would think one would be able to create 3 dimensional standing waves, and if they are resonant to the space involved, perhaps the energies would bind together in a physical pattern. Does this sound logical? Just some musings I'm having. Maybe the free energy is built up just this way, as Buckminister Fuller suggests, energy has shape. Now, what I'm saying is that the fabric of this space/time continuum dictates the physical constants that keep popping up. Other interference patterns should break the bonds apart. Here's a simple case - two frequencies beating against each other creating a standing wave which we take to be matter.

The introduction of a third frequency creates some different type of pattern, maybe the illusion of motion or some other element or the release of energy. What do you think?

Fred Gleicher