# Phase conjugation circuit?

Harvey Norris ( (no email) )
Fri, 30 Apr 1999 05:17:34 PDT

The idea of how two resonant circuits
would appear when run backwards in time
has recently intrigued me by the watching
of a red dwarf episode where they landed
on an earth that was running backwards in time.
A single series resonant circuit appearing
to an observer running backwards in time would be
the same observance as its opposite 180 phasing.
Both of these phasings can be made in a normal time mode and interacted.
However when the picture of a parallel resonant
circuit is made and run in reverse time there is no
way that an equivalent mirror image of that circuit
can be made as in the previous example. In the previous example all that was
necessary to produce a
"mirror image symmetrical with time" was to
merely switch the positions of a coil and resonating capacitor with regards
to its input. This produces its corresponding 180 degree phasing. When this
is done
to a parallel circuit the reflection is not different but identical. But the
opposite phasing of a tank circuit surely must be possible! But yet it is
somewhat
dumbfounding to understand how this is to be done?
The only way it can be qualified as a difference is if that the generators
themselves must run in opposite polarities in the second case to demonstrate
a 180
phasing on a tank circuit. This shows some important
considerations that may have been glossed over in
the past. What seems to be applicable in one case may be supposed to be all
applicable when it is not!
In light of this I am reposting an earlier entry made on freenrg.

Binary Resonant Arc Gap schematic;
In posting this to another discussion
list I noticed that when I drew the schematic
on word pad and pasted into excite compose
mail it came out garbled because of different
font sizes? I am therefore attempting to write this
again directly from the mailbox this time, forgive if it is garbled.
0
!
-----------------
! !
! !
cap coil
! !
!------ X ------!
! !
coil cap
! !
!---------------!
!
0
Cap and coils are identically designated
to resonate at the input frequency. X is the
placement of the arc gap. 0's are AC input.

Arc across gap represents special tank circuit occurring
as two caps in series being in parallel with two coils in
series. As such its respective inductances and capacitances
are doubled in this circumstance. However this doubling
only serves to double the internal resistance of that
experienced in a SINGLE parallel resonant. It does not
change the frequency at which the circuit resonates.
(In the experiments I made L and C were given values
to resonate at 120 v , 60hz,with identical values on
each side of course.) This tank circuit has the special
distinction of allowing the midpoint path where the arc
occurs to be shared by both the inductive AND
capacitive branches of current flow; however these
expressed currents are themselves opposite or 180 phased.
BECAUSE of the fact that this current path itself
is shared in OPPOSITE directions by both, instead of
a cancellation effect a doubled negative occurs in which
these currents that are normally 180 out of phase are
then in unity across this pathway,thus the measured current
on closed switch position or dead short is twice that
of the sides alone.
It should then be obvious that the open switch
position (which in this air gap analogy represents the
quenched arc) then represents an entirely new condition:
that of two series resonant phases at 180 phasing. At
the moment one phase experiences a positive resonant
rise of voltage the other produces a negative. Thus the
measured voltage BETWEEN the midpoints where the
arc occurs is then TWICE that of either side alone.
Indeed it is this dual opposite rise of voltage on each
side that enables the arc to take place in the first place.
In the 56 H binary system intially constructed this voltage
rise was about 30/1 enabling a high frequency effect
form the arc gap to accur at wall voltage conditions
alone without the use of a step up transformer!
Further modifications produced a typical tesla arcing
across a water capacity that was impressive in that this
1/3 inch discharge of miniature lightening is produced
at an energy discharge estimated at 10 watts input!
The condition during arcing changes the condition of
minimum or zero reactance to that of one of maximum
impedance which in the case of large inductors where
the q's of the coils have caused the ignition at the spark
gap, the instant withdrawal of this resonant rise of voltage
to a new condition of practically no voltage at the arc gap,
contradicted by the new condition of resonant rise of
amperage instead of voltage rise still nevertheless very
efficiently quenches the arc which is usually violet or blue
disharges. Again whether this same kind of arc gap
used in conjunction with two tesla primaries could be
made is open to experimentation. Sometimes more
important agendas assert themselves.
IT SHOULD BE SEEN THAT THIS TANK CIRCUIT
CONSISTS OF TWO SERIES L AND C BRANCHES
IN PARALLEL WITH THE DISTINCTION THAT IT
HAS BEEN TWISTED INTO A FIGURE 8, MAKING
A NEW PATHWAY SHARED BY BOTH SIDES
FROM OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS WHEREBY
AN ARC GAP IS PLACED AT THIS MIDPOINT.
THIS REPRESENTS A FLUCTUATION
BEWEEN SERIES AND PARALLEL RESONANCES
RATHER THAN AN OSCILLATION IN AND OUT
OF PARALLEL RESONANCE AS OCCURS IN A
TYPICAL TESLA PRIMARY. AN OBJECTION
MAY BE MADE THAT THE RESONANT RECHARGING
METHOD IN TESLA PRIMARY ARC GAPS INCORPORATES
BOTH A SERIES AND PARALLEL CONFIGURATION,
BUT AS THE POSITION OF THE ARC GAP SHOWS
IN THE SCHEMATIC, THIS METHOD IS ENTIRELY
DIFFERENT FROM THE FORMER. HDN

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