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06/30/09 - Grains of Sand Reveal Possible Fifth State of Matter
Dilatant - increasing in viscosity and setting to a solid as a result of deformation by expansion, pressure, or agitation. / In the formation of droplets in a stream of falling sand, scientists have witnessed a dynamic that points beyond the boundaries of traditional physics, and may represent one aspect of a fifth state of matter. The droplets formed because of instabilities in the subtle atomic forces that attract sand grains to each other. Something similar happens to water falling from a faucet, but the forces acting on those molecules are 100,000 times stronger. Measurements of this phenomena, published Wednesday in Nature, overturn the previous explanation for sand droplets — that grains stick to each other after colliding — and quantify what’s called an “ultralow-surface-tension regime.” It’s entirely new territory for researchers, and just one of many dynamics governing the behavior of granular materials, which for reasons unknown to science act sometimes as solids, or liquids, or gases — or something in-between. “You walk on the beach, and the sand supports your weight. Pick up a handful, and it runs through your fingers, like a liquid. But you can’t walk on water,” said Jaeger. “In the top of an hourglass, sand is this strange solid. It’s at the verge of being a solid; it flows through the middle as something like a liquid, and then it’s a solid again,” he said. Since the early 1990s, Jaeger has treated granularity as both a form of matter unto itself and a model for investigating the dynamics of types of matter, as though molecules could be seen by a naked eye. Jaeger also sees in granularity a potentially universal dynamic, reflected in everything from highway traffic to crowd patterns to ecosystem function. “You have many interacting particles. Energy is put in, sometimes they get stuck, and sometimes it flows,” said Jaeger. “If it flows, what properties does it have? With many interacting players, that behavior is typically very complex and crosses between solid- and liquid-like behavior.” - Source.

Is this validation for Osborne Reynolds Aether Grain Dilatant Medium theories? See Osborne Reynolds' Submechanics of the Universe: A Bridge between Classical and Modern Physics - "By this research it is shown that there is one, and only one, conceivable purely mechanical system capable of accounting for all the physical evidence, as we know it in the Universe. The system is neither more nor less than an arrangement, of indefinite extent, of uniform spherical grains generally in normal piling so close that the grains cannot change their neighbors, although continually in relative motion with each other; the grains being of changeless shape and size; thus constituting, to a first approximation, an elastic medium with six axes of elasticity symmetrically placed.", Osborne Reynolds (1, p. 1). - Whilst researching the prior art in dilatancy, I was surprised and intrigued to find, in a book on rheology (4, p. 4), that Osborne Reynolds' had based an entire theory of the universe on a dilatant medium. I continued to pursue my applications and subsequently received a patent on a toy (5) and later, through the US Navy, I was granted a patent on an impact absorber based on the same principle (6). The rheologically dilatant suspension used in my patents has a critical shear rate which can be kinaesthetically perceived on handling it. Below a critical shear rate it behaves as a liquid, above this rate it behaves as a solid. There seemed to be some analogy between this critical flow rate and relativistic phenomena at the speed of light. - "It is alleged that the theory accounts for the known phenomena of gravity, electricity, and light provided the size of its grains are properly chosen. ... This theory is in itself more plausible than the electron hypothesis, but its consequences have not yet been fully worked out." John Gardiner's Scientific American article (9) also refers to Reynolds' popular lecture entitled, "On an Inversion of Ideas as to the Structure of the Universe" (11). He states, "Reynolds' inverted idea is less crazy than it sounds." and then mentions the "new ether" theories of P. A. M. Dirac and John A. Wheeler.

And this additional paper by Osborne Reynolds - UFOs, Osborne Reynolds, and the One Wind: A New Look at an Old Theory - Reynolds titled his "popular" lecture of 1902, "On an Inversion of Ideas as to the Structure of the Universe". Current science pictures tiny, 'hard' particles zooming around in a lot of nothing (space) somehow mysteriously interacting with photons and nuclear, electric, magnetic, and assorted other forces. Reynolds' inversion, on the other hand, envisions dynamic systems of negative dislocations (holes) zooming around in a lot of something (a quasigaseous, quasicrystalline, dilatant medium) interacting with transverse vibrations (photons) and different types of stresses in the medium (nuclear, electric, magnetic, etc. forces). This theory is compatible with both relativity and quantum theories. It is an aether which was not demolished by the Michelson-Morley (M-M) experimental results. - YouTube of Iron Ball Falling in Sand

06/30/09 - White House 2: Where YOU set the nation's priorities
White House 2 is a multi-partisan network imagining how the White House might work if it was run completely democratically by thousands of people over the internet. It's free and all U.S. citizens can join. We're setting priorities, collaborating on policy, and creating a massive database of talking points covering all sides of every important issue facing our country. Getting involved is easy and fun. Just join and start setting your priorities, like a todo list. The more people who endorse a priority, the higher it rises in the charts. The more people who join the network, the more clout we will have with the President and the media. - Source

06/30/09 - BabyGlow monitors temperature
KeelyNet Chris Ebejer, 42, who runs the Melford Inn, said he had a eureka moment six years ago when he woke up on the couch one morning and saw a documentary about babies not being able to regulate their body temperature. In a flash of inspiration the father of one decided he would design a baby suit that changed colour when the baby's temperature went up. And now the pint pulling part-time scientist will soon see his 'Babyglow' invention flying out of production plants around the world at more than a million a month. The suit will change colour at the first sign of meningitis and it could have a huge impact on cot death numbers and a number of other baby related illnesses." The suit works by responding to the slightest changes in body temperature which then react with molecules in the cotton. The £20 garments, which come in pink, blue and green change to white when a baby's temperature rises above 98F (37C). - Source

06/30/09 - The Best Protection: Trade Secret or Patent?
When determining how to protect intellectual property (IP), it can be difficult to decide between trade secrets and patents. To best understand the options, it is useful to recognize the differences between trade secrets and patents, the varying legal and business factors that come into play, and the remedies available should a third party misuse protected IP. A trade secret is created when a company identifies valuable information and makes reasonable efforts to protect it. Protection begins immediately and lasts indefinitely unless the information is publicly disclosed. Securing trade secrets is possible without completing an application or any formal governmental examination. However, there are costs associated with keeping information secret. Importantly, unlike a patent, owning a trade secret does not come with exclusive rights. While the owner can take action against third parties who misappropriate the secret, the owner has no recourse if a third party independently invents the information, discovers the information through reverse engineering, or obtains the information due to accidental disclosure. Once any of these events occurs, the owner loses his or her property rights in the secret. - Source

06/30/09 - New and purely Dutch: cooling computers with a disc
KeelyNet A massive disc of perforated aluminium, 6 metres wide, can as of today serve as a cooling agent for data centres. Cooling large server rooms takes a lot of energy and therefore produces a lot of CO2. But now a 100-percent Dutch invention called 'KyotoCooling' can save both money and the environment. In the test facility of KyotoCooling in Amersfoort, hundreds of computers are running simultaneously. The small company doesn't need that much computing power, all these machines only serve to demonstrate the working principle of the new cooling system. Just allowing the computers to heat up is not an option. The temperature in big data centres would soar so quickly that the equipment would break down immediately. Simply blowing outside air in the server rooms also doesn't work. It contains far too much dust, pollution and moisture for the sensitive machinery. This is why before today huge pumps, compressors and thousands of litres of cooling fluid were used to ensure the electronic super brains of the world were all kept in an old-fashioned fridge. A very large fridge that is. Corrugated cardboard - KyotoCooling is totally different. The cooling agent is no longer a fluid, but instead a large aluminium disc containing thousands of small channels. While looking straight down at the surface of the disc it appears to be of a big role of corrugated cardboard. You simply look straight through. This disc slowly revolves while one half extends into a hot room (this is where fans suck in the heated air from the server room) - the other half is in the cool outside air. The thousands of channels in the aluminium allow the metal to heat up swiftly, but also to get rid of the heat just as fast. In this way the metal disc 'turns' the coolness inside, and at the same time the heat outside. And all this without energy-wasting compressors, and without outside air entering the server room. And indeed the savings are impressive: This type of cooling needs up to 60 percent less electricity and the same goes for the emissions. - Source

06/30/09 - Free Energy 400 Billion Dollar Secret (Youtube Video)
Alternative oil solution that is available now. It cost the United States 400 billion dollars to import oil "last year", seems a well rounded number given the barrels of oil imported and the 2007 price of oil. It has consistently, for many years, been the stated goal of the United States to reduce or eliminate its dependence on foreign oil, therefore, if any alternative energy source seems capable of achieving that goal, it should be pursued with the utmost vigor. We have here in the United States the only method known to man which can take any non-nuclear material containing carbon,and using this process, deliver a diesel quality fuel oil in two short hours! Despite the promise inherent in this system to not only alleviate our dependence on foreign oil, but to do so while contributing to a major degree in cleaning the environment. / (Thanks Peter qbn for the headsup. - JWD) - Source

06/30/09 - Xeros 'Waterless' Washing Machine
KeelyNet The new 'Waterless' washing machine called the 'Xeros' (meaning dry in Greek) uses nylon beads along with a tiny amount of water and detergent to complete a wash. The beads absorb the water after it has dissolved dirt and draws it in to the centre of the bead. The washing machine retracts the beads at the end of the cycle, leaving only clean washing to remove. The beads will be re-usable for up to 6 months or for approximately 100 loads. This new invention is big in saving energy, water and money and will hopefully be available in the UK after it has been launched in the US. Energy is also saved as the clothes are virtually dry when the cycle ends and cuts the need for a high energy using tumble dryer. The American inventors clim that the Xeros saves 40% of carbon emissions over regular washing and drying. - Source

06/30/09 - Rental business can guarantee regular income flow after retirement
There comes a time in life when there will be little strength for activities that consume much energy. During that period, the only option is to fall back on what has been acquired during active working years to meet basic life needs. Finance experts say no amount of savings can take care of retirement, except if there are income flows, no matter how little. Entrepreneur.about.com suggests that one could arrange for passive income means which could provide income, with less work by its owner. It describes passive income as “income that does not require your direct involvement”. And some kinds of passive income include: owning rental property, royalties on an invention or creative work, and network marketing. “If you want to earn more, work less, and have a decent retirement, you’re going to have to start creating income streams that do not require your direct involvement,” it says. According to the personal finance experts, whether you’re just starting your business, or you’ve been running it for a while, the sooner you start thinking about shifting your business model to create more passive income, the sooner you can achieve personal and financial freedom. - Source

06/30/09 - Eliot man touts low-wind turbine
KeelyNet Ben Brickett of Eliot, Maine, demonstrates his patent-pending, variable-force generator wind turbine that can operate with only a 5 mph wind. The patent-pending turbine has caught the attention of University of New Hampshire scientists, who are working with Brickett on the blade design. And this week, he will receive a visit from University of Maine engineering professor Habib Dagher, who has put UM on the map for biomass technology and is consulting with the state on off-shore wind turbines. The reason for the interest? If the turbine is as good as it seems, as initial testing has proven it to be, it could be the salvation for residential wind turbines in such wind-skittish places as New England. Taking a bow to a Frank Sinatra classic, Brickett said, "If I can make it here, I can make it anywhere." I am not going to pretend I completely understand the technology, but it all begins and ends with the generator. In most turbines, the generator is in a gear box. In Brickett's turbine, the generator is in the blade system. It's called a variable force generator, and the bottom line is that it can produce usable energy when the winds are as low as 5 mph and as high as 30 mph or more. That's the other part of it, by the way. Brickett says the technology is such that it will perform just as well in high wind conditions. Hence Dagher's interest, as Maine looks to off-shore wind production. And UNH professor Kenneth Baldwin, who is heading a tidal turbine test site in the Piscataqua, is also interested. With this technology, Brickett says, there's no limit to the number of blades that can be installed in the turbine, which can be custom made to each customer's needs. - Source

06/30/09 - UA scientist sees sun power in new light
University of Arizona scientist Roger Angel thinks big, starts small and works with cheap materials. His latest mission — nothing less than saving the planet from global warming — involves some inexpensive glass, a discarded satellite dish and a battery-powered fan he found at Walgreens. Now Angel has engaged his brain on a problem that may exceed even his grasp. "You deal in probabilities," said Angel. "I think there is some probability that what we're doing might be quite significant." Photovoltaic problems There are three problems with photovoltaic power. It is expensive; it can't be efficiently stored for use when the sun isn't shining; and it can't easily be transmitted from sunny places to cloudy places. Angel says U.S. power needs could be met by 10 intracontinental high-voltage DC transmission lines hooked up to sun farms in the Southwest. The storage problem would require a little engineering project to build two lakes slightly smaller than Lake Mead. Pump water up when the sun is shining and pass it back down through hydroelectric turbines at night. He will leave those questions to others. "Life is too short to solve all our problems, and I don't have a particular competence in storage or transmission," he said in a recent interview. Instead, he'll work on the problem his background has prepared him to solve. The Angel solution Angel plans to build mirrors to focus the power of 1,000 suns on "optical gadgets" that will produce electricity at twice the efficiency of conventional solar panels and at a fraction of the cost. He has snared about $2 million in grants so far. He has formed a company called REhnu to lure venture capital to match federal Energy Department grants he is seeking. He has applied for three patents on the invention and the process for manufacturing the mirrors. He plans to build a prototype 20-kilowatt system by 2011. The first one might take about $5 million to develop, but its manufactured cost must be closer to $20,000 in order to be competitive with the cheapest forms of power generation. "A buck a watt is the target," he said. "If you want to have the planet stop burning carbon, just get to the point where renewables are cheaper than burning fossil fuels. Do that and you need to do nothing more," he said. Economics will justify building the vast fields of reflectors and the glass factories needed to produce them. For the solar project, he's not starting from scratch. He has a facility he has built up over the past three decades and a team of technical experts. "None of what I do," he said, "is possible without these people, this community and this institution." The frame for his solar reflectors, for example, is being fabricated by the team that built the infrastructure for the Large Binocular Telescope on Mount Graham. It needs to be as light as possible to save money on steel but withstand 90-mph winds. The reflectors, though made cheaply with more generous tolerances, will employ the optical principles of the best telescopes and initially be built by the same people who build the lab's multi-million-dollar mirrors. The "solar engines" at which the reflectors will be aimed were originally developed for the space program. The mostly germanium "multi-junction" cells generate as much electricity as a silicon panel 500 times larger. The ones he can buy off the shelf today are up to 40 percent efficient, Angel said — good enough for now, though he is collaborating with a researcher at Arizona State University on refinements. - Source

06/30/09 - Wheel Hub Motor wins Prize, Could Save Million of Gallons of Fuel Everyday
KeelyNet Dr. Charles Perry’s newest patent, which is pending, potentially could save America 120 million gallons of fuel daily. The invention has several names – wheel hub motor, Plug-in Hybrid Retrofit Kit or “Machine for Augmentation, Storage and Conservation of Vehicle Motive Energy (the one submitted to the United States Patent and Trademark Office) – and it recently gained statewide notoriety. With 80 percent of Americans driving an average of 28 miles per day in their vehicles, Perry said the wheel hub motor (in hybrid mode) would double drivers’ gas mileage, and that it mainly would be an around-town function, not for highway driving. He said once it becomes mass-produced, the target consumer installation cost would be $3,000 to $5,000. “Our first goal is to build a demonstration of a working prototype,” Perry said. “Then, working with the state of Tennessee, we’d like to build one dozen to two dozen prototypes. We’d like to put them on state vehicles to get data. Then we’d look at a capital investment. Ultimately, Palmer Labs would like to build a facility that would create 2,000 jobs.” - Source

06/30/09 - Skeeter Light
Ms McKenzie, who lives in Clydach, has spent the past five years developing Vapalight – an air freshening system that uses the heat from a specifically designed low-energy bulb to thermally vaporise scent and emit the fragrance into the atmosphere. The technologically-advanced porous media that retains and disperses the chemicals or oils is easily inserted into the Vapalight low-energy bulb by means of the retention slot in the bulbs and can easily be interchanged as there are six scents in the range including an insecticide and decongestant. Ms McKenzie has recently been working with the UN’s World of Hope International organisation to adapt the system for use with an organic insecticide – pyrethrum – which is extracted from chrysanthemums and is highly-effective in killing mosquitoes. The system and substance has been scientifically tested and accredited by i2L Insect Investigations in Cardiff and reported to have a 98% success rate. Ms McKenzie is also developing a patented range of candles using pyrethrum for use in dwellings that have little or no access to power supplies and will be testing both applications in Ghana to check their effectiveness. - Source

06/30/09 - Oculis eye-tracking software protects screens from 'shoulder surfers'
18 months after he launched Oculis Labs Inc., Anderson has three pending patents and two products ready to be pushed into the market by his four-person company in Owings Mills. Venture capital firms and angel investors are courting him -- even in the toughest start-up investment climate in a decade. Chameleon uses gaze-tracking software and camera equipment to track an authorized reader's eyes to show only that one person the correct text. After a 15-second calibration period where the software essentially "learns" the viewer's gaze patterns, anyone looking over that user's shoulder just sees dummy text that randomly and constantly changes. To tap the broader consumer market, Anderson built a more consumer-friendly version called PrivateEye, which can work with a simple Web cam. The software blurs a user's monitor when he or she turns away. It also detects other faces in the background, and a small video screen pops up to alert the user that someone is looking at their screen. "There've been inventions in the space of gaze-tracking. There've been inventions in the space of security. But nobody has put the two ideas together, as far as we know," Anderson said. The specialized equipment that tracks a viewer's eyes already exists and a number of manufacturers make such monitors. Anderson also found companies that make portable gaze-tracking equipment that are the size of a long, squat brick, and which can be positioned on a laptop or under a desktop monitor to track a user's eyes with his software. Looking to go even smaller, he's pursuing a partnership with a manufacturer of rugged, secure laptops to have Chameleon as a built-in feature that would be ideal in battlefield environments, where soldiers have to read classified orders without fear of someone spying over their shoulder. The technology would add roughly $1,000 to a highly-secure, rugged laptop that sells for about $6,000, according to Anderson. - Source

 

06/30/09 - $100 Laptop Becomes a $5 PC
The open-source education software developed for the "$100 laptop" can now be loaded onto a $5 USB stick to run aging PCs and Macs with a new interface and custom educational software. "What we are doing is taking a bunch of old machines that barely run Windows 2000, and turning them into something interesting and useful for essentially zero cost," says Walter Bender, former president of the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) project. "It becomes a whole new computer running off the USB key; we can breathe new life into millions of decrepit old machines." Bender left OLPC last year to found Sugar Labs, which promotes the open-source user interface, dubbed Sugar, and educational software originally developed at OLPC. Bender has dubbed the new effort Sugar on a Stick. The software can be downloaded for free from the Sugar Labs website as part of the new initiative, which will be announced at a conference in Berlin today. The Sugar interface was custom-designed for children. The new Sugar on a Stick download features 40 software programs, including core applications called Read, Write, Paint, and Etoys. Many other applications are available for download, most of which emphasize creative collaboration among children. The USB software can boot up an aging computer, or a netbook, and save data from any of the programs. In addition, Sugar-powered machines are designed to work with server software that can also be downloaded for free. This server software can be operated by a school and used to distribute content, collect homework, back up data, and filter access to the Internet. Once Sugar and the server software have been installed, two children using different computers can work on the same document at the same time, for example. The Sugar interface and related software have already been used by more than one million children, nearly all of them users of the original OLPC XO laptop. - Source

06/30/09 - Death Becomes Her - Revisited

KeelyNet

- Source

06/30/09 - Office on a Stick
The price for Corel’s office on a stick is $70, compared to $400-$500 for Microsoft Office. In all fairness, you get more features and programs with Microsoft Office, but many people don’t use or need them all. Another advantage of Corel’s office on a stick is that it uses very few system resources. The whole suite takes up only 100 megabytes, compared with Microsoft Office that requires 1.5 gigabytes, 15 times as much. Home Office comes with a word processor, a spreadsheet and a presentation program, but does not have a database. Corel’s office has the look and feel of Microsoft Office 2007 and can read and write documents that are compatible with the latest versions of Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint. There’s a free trial version at Corel.com. - Source

06/30/09 - CD Bubble Tube trick
You know those clear CDs that come on the spindle? Now you have something cool to do with them. - Source

06/30/09 - Feathered fuel tank soaks up hydrogen
The gas tank of the future may be full of chicken feathers. Engineers have discovered a way to store large amounts of hydrogen fuel using carbonized downy fluff, which could help pave the way to clean, green cars. A practical hydrogen car has been elusive for decades. Before the announcement this week by University of Delaware engineers, a nonstop trip from Portland to Eugene in a hydrogen car would need a tank bigger than 100 gallons to store liquid or gaseous fuel, even under high pressure. Treated chicken feathers work like a sponge. They soak up large amounts of hydrogen and hold it in a small space so the tank can be a conventional size and the fuel won't need to held under dangerously high pressures. Hydrogen creates only water vapor when it burns, unlike gasoline that emits carbon dioxide, a culprit in climate change. / Scientists have long known that hydrogen sticks well to carbon surfaces. Research has focused on tiny nanotubes, in which sheets of carbon are rolled into a compact space. The problem is nanotubes are expensive: A 20-gallon tank of them can cost more than $1 million. Chicken feather fibers are mostly composed of keratin, a natural protein that forms strong, hollow tubes. The breakthrough moment came when researchers heated feathers to 700 degrees, causing a process called carbonization that created billions of tiny pores. They had found an ideal place to pack large amounts of hydrogen. The new feather-based material can be produced at a small fraction of carbon nanotubes' cost. A 20-gallon feather-based tank would be about $100. - Source

06/30/09 - $30 timer to push kids away from game consoles
KeelyNet To any parent who's argued with a child over shutting off a video game, John Morrissey's Game Doctor Video Game Timer may sound like salvation. Parents can set the $30 timer to limit game play to a specified number of minutes or hours a day. At the appointed time, the password-protected timer shuts off electricity to the game console, ending all arguments about playing for just five more minutes. Morrissey isn't the first entrepreneur to try to capitalize on parents' desire to curb screen time. Already, about half a dozen similar game timer units are sold online, and Microsoft includes one in its Xbox 360 video game console. None has generated much publicity. - Source

06/30/09 - Being Slightly Overweight May Lead To Longer Life
"Findings of a new study show that underweight people and those who are extremely obese die earlier than people of normal weight — but those who are only a little overweight actually live longer than people of normal weight. 'It's not surprising that extreme underweight and extreme obesity increase the risk of dying, but it is surprising that carrying a little extra weight may give people a longevity advantage,' said one of the coauthors of the study. 'It may be that a few extra pounds actually protect older people as their health declines, but that doesn't mean that people in the normal weight range should try to put on a few pounds.' The study examined the relationship between body mass index and death among 11,326 adults in Canada over a 12-year period. The study showed that underweight people were 70 percent more likely than people of normal weight to die, and extremely obese people were 36 percent more likely to die. But overweight individuals defined as a body mass index of 25 to 29.9 were 17 percent less likely to die than people of a normal weight defined as a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9. The relative risk for obese people was nearly the same as for people of normal weight. The authors controlled for factors such as age, sex, physical activity, and smoking. 'Overweight may not be the problem we thought it was,' said Dr. David H. Feeny, a senior investigator at Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research. 'Overweight was protective.'" - Source

06/30/09 - Carnivorous Clock eats bugs, begins doomsday countdown
KeelyNet It's not enough that humans gave robots a place to congregate to plan our demise, now we've adapted them with the ability to extract fuel from the very nectar of life. All that innocent experimentation with fuel cells that run on blood has led to this, a flesh-eating clock. This prototype time-piece from UK-based designers James Auger and Jimmy Loizeau traps insects on flypaper stretched across its roller system before depositing them into a vat of bacteria. The ensuing chemical reaction, or "digestion," is transformed into power that keeps the rollers rollin' and the LCD clock ablaze. The pair offers an alternative design fueled by mice, another contraption whose robotic arm plucks insect-fuel from spider webs with the help of a video camera, and a lamp powered by insects lured to their deaths with ultraviolet LEDs. - Source

06/30/09 - Europe getting a universal cell-phone charger
The frantic hunt for the right cell-phone charger will soon be a thing of the past -- in Europe at least -- as major manufacturers on Monday agreed to introduce a universal adaptor within six months. Industry leaders, including Apple, Motorola, Nokia, Samsung and Sony Ericsson, have struck a deal with the European Union to introduce the one-size-fits-all charger by January 1, 2010, offering a solution to one of modern life's chief frustrations. - Source

06/26/09 - Baloney Detection Kit
In this Richard Dawkins Foundation video, Skeptic Magazine's Michael Shermer explains the ten criteria we can use when confronted with claims about how the world works that serve as a "baloney detection kit." - Source

06/26/09 - Water-powered engine theories need hosing down
There's a very simple and fundamental reason why you cannot power a car by burning water in the engine. The reason is that the water has already been burnt, and the chemical energy has been taken out! Let me explain. When you burn coal in a furnace, the chemical reaction gives you carbon dioxide and heat. You can use the heat from the combustion to turn water into high pressure steam, and then use that steam to push the blades of a turbine to make electricity. If you go back to the coal furnace, you will find some ashes there. These ashes are the leftovers from burning the coal. You cannot burn those ashes again. They have already been burnt. The situation is the same for water because the water has already been burnt. When you burn hydrogen and oxygen in a chemical reaction, you get water and heat. So you start with hydrogen and oxygen, and combine them to give you water and heat. Water might be wet like petrol, but it has also been burnt, like coal ashes. Water is just wet ashes. It has already been burnt. It can't be burnt again! This is the same for the coal ashes. They have been burnt, so they can't be burnt again. So you can't get any more chemical energy out of that water, because it has already been burnt. But there is a roundabout way that you can get energy out of that wet liquid water. All you have to do is place the water in a tank that has a metal electrode at each end and shove some electricity into those electrodes. The energy in the electricity will split the liquid water (H2O) into bubbles of hydrogen gas at one electrode, and bubbles of oxygen gas at the other electrode. Then you can combine the hydrogen gas and oxygen gas to make water, and heat energy. Surely that will work? Yes, it will work. That is one way to get energy out of water. But the laws of thermodynamics stop you from getting energy for nothing. So yes, you can get energy from the hydrogen and oxygen you get by splitting water with electricity. But, you have to put more energy in than you get out. - Source

06/26/09 - 'Ark of the Covenant' about to be unveiled?
KeelyNet Ethiopian patriarch tells pope he will show artifact to world. The patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Ethiopia says he will announce to the world Friday the unveiling of the Ark of the Covenant, perhaps the world's most prized archaeological and spiritual artifact, which he says has been hidden away in a church in his country for millennia, according to the Italian news agency Adnkronos. Abuna Pauolos, in Italy for a meeting with Pope Benedict XVI this week, told the news agency, "Soon the world will be able to admire the Ark of the Covenant described in the Bible as the container of the tablets of the law that God delivered to Moses and the center of searches and studies for centuries." According to Pauolos, the actual Ark has been kept in one church, but to defend the treasure, a copy was placed in every single church in Ethiopia. He said a museum is being built in Axum, Ethiopia, where the Ark will be displayed. A foundation of D'Acosta will fund the project. The Ark of the Covenant is the sacred container of the Ten Commandments as well as Aaron's rod and a sample of manna, the mysterious food that kept the Israelites alive while wandering in the wilderness during their journey to the promised land. The Bible says the Ark was built to the specifications of God as He spoke to Moses. It was carried in advance of the people and their army by priests. It was also carried in a seven-day procession around the walled city of Jericho. - Source

06/26/09 - Engineer swindles $300,000 from investment company
A self-described Christian engineer swindled a company out of more than $300,000 by claiming he'd invented a revolutionary energy system to help the Third World, according to a Tennessee investor's complaint. He says he trusted the engineer because the engineer claimed to work "in the name of Jesus Christ." AMS Holdings says in Williamson County Court that Michael Sawyer and his Global Energy Systems persuaded AMS to invest in a nitrogen-powered energy system that could help Third World economies. Sawyer allegedly claimed his invention could produce energy that was nearly four times cheaper and 20 percent more efficient than a fossil fuel system. AMS claims Sawyer set up seven dummy companies to create the illusion that he had a sophisticated business, and it claims Sawyer is not licensed as an engineer in Tennessee. In fact, AMS says, Sawyer's expertise consists of just one expired patent application from 2002. After investing $200,000, AMS says it paid more than $100,000 to fly him to Holland to meet with potential customers. When outside engineers calculated that Sawyer's device could not be more than 6 percent efficient - a far cry from the purported 70 percent - Sawyer refused to explain how it worked because doing so would "disclose trade secrets," according to the complaint. - Source

06/26/09 - Tesla Nabs $465M Government Loan To Build Model S
KeelyNet "Tesla Motors, based in San Carlos, California, was approved yesterday for $465M in loans from the Department of Energy's Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing program. Tesla plans to use $365M of the money to finance a manufacturing facility for the Model S (review, Letterman video) and $100M for a powertrain manufacturing plant in the SF Bay Area. 'Tesla will use the ATVM loan precisely the way that Congress intended — as the capital needed to build sustainable transport,' said Tesla CEO and Product Architect Elon Musk. Tesla expects the Model S to ship in late 2011 and the base cost to be $57,400 ($49,900 after a federal tax credit). Ford received $5.9B and Nissan received $1.6B under the same program." - Source

06/26/09 - Breast Enhancing Ringtones
Breast enlarging ringtones may sound like something you’d find in your spam folder, but apparently it’s legit thanks to the power of biology and subliminal messaging. One specialized scientist/composer’s ringtone is designed to enhance women’s breast size when listened to 20 times a day for 10 days. So what’s the secret message? Crying babies. - Source

06/26/09 - DIY - Powerful Blu-Ray Laser on a Keychain
KeelyNet [Jay] hacked a Blu-Ray laser diode into a keychain enclosure. He found a heavy brass keychain light from Lowe’s and stuffed the diode and a larger battery inside. The existing batteries weren’t powerful enough, so he drilled out the endcap to fit a 200mAh 3.6v lithium battery inside. He also modded the power button to only momentarily turn on the diode. With the larger battery, the laser can run for about an hour between charges. In addition to a Blu-Ray lasers, he also has versions with a 200mW red diode. ( via http://hackaday.com/ ) - Source

06/26/09 - Space Colonization Limited By Fermi Paradox
KeelyNet Enrico Fermi speculated (during a lunch break) that the age of the universe, as well as its size, meant that there should be a number of advanced societies keeping Earth company, in a galactic sense. Growth of these civilizations would be exponential, Fermi implied, and therefore if they existed, we would have encountered them already. Ergo, advanced alien societies must not exist, since their expansion hasn’t brought them into the range of our detection. A new take on the Fermi Paradox, though, changes the equation a bit. At Pennsylvania State University, two scientists suggest that the key to the paradox is the assumption that civilizations would colonize the universe at an exponential rate. Jacob Haqq-Misra and Seth Baum point out that finite resources preclude exponential expansion. Technology Review offers a look at the problem of exponential growth: “The problem is that this kind of growth may not be possible, and they look at Earth as an example. For any expansion to be sustainable, the growth in resource consumption cannot exceed the growth in resource production. And since Earth’s resources are finite, and it has a finite mass and receives solar radiation at a constant rate, human civilization cannot sustain an indefinite, exponential growth.” This means that, if we decide to colonize our galaxy, Earth’s civilization will be unable to do so at an exponential rate. If you apply the realities of Earth to possible alien civilizations, then it becomes much more likely that there are other advanced societies out there. Like Earth, though, they are limited in their expansionary capabilities. - Source

06/26/09 - Fiat Retrofits Chrysler Engine, Shelves ‘Dinosaurs’ to Save Gas
Fiat fumbled its first attempt to enter the U.S. in the 1970s, when it lacked a big dealer network and earned a reputation for selling clunkers. Marchionne, who is CEO of both Fiat and Chrysler, now has to prove Fiat-made cars need fewer repairs and have technology Americans can’t find elsewhere, in addition to persuading U.S. consumers to swap more powerful engines for fuel efficiency. Rinolfi’s MultiAir engine uses an electronic hydraulic- valve lift system that allows the engine to automatically adjust the amount of airflow into the combustion chambers, without the use of a traditional throttle valve. In addition to saving fuel, it also reduces carbon emissions by at least 10 percent, he said. The valve control system updates the internal combustion engine, where burning fuel in chambers filled with air creates pressure that applies force to moveable parts. In the traditional engine, the valves that pump air into the chambers open fully, regardless of how fast the car is moving. Even if the car is coasting and needs less power to keep momentum, air and fuel get in and energy is wasted. - Source

06/26/09 - Magnetic Blood Cleaning Procedure Could Save Lives, Star-Trek Style
KeelyNet It's a blood filter that could actually reduce deaths from sepsis in hospitals. The system works by removing dangerous bacteria not by using fine porous filtration, but instead the power of magnets. The invention was created by Don Ingber at the Harvard Medical School and Children's hospital and it's designed to augment the effect of antibiotics in combating bacterial infections of the blood. These are the infections that apparently kill some 200,000 American citizens each year, so the potential benefits of the treatment could be pretty significant. Ingber's technique eschews the traditional fine porous methods for filtering blood, and instead specifically targets the bacteria themselves. Microscopic plastic-coated beads of iron oxide are treated with antibodies that seek out the infecting cells, and attach to them--the beads would be injected into a patient, but in Ingber's experiments the blood was treated in vitro. Next the blood-bead mix is pushed through a dialysis-type machine, where an electromagnet simply attracts the iron beads, bacterial and all, while the cleaned-up blood cycles on and back into the patient. The beauty of the invention is in its simplicity, and the fact that in tests it removed up to 80% of the pathogens, which is enough that the rest can be easily cleared up with traditional antibiotic remedies. Ingber is confident his technique will perform well when he moves on to animal experimentation later this year, and that it can even be expanded to cover removing cancer cells from blood in a similar style. It's merely a question of coating the iron microbeads with the right chemicals so they bond to the unwanted target cells. One can even imagine a future where a patient is injected with a concoction of specially engineered filtration beads, each designed to tackle a particular problem... - Source

06/26/09 - Students create portable device to detect suicide bombers
Improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the weapons of suicide bombers, are a major cause of soldier casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan. A group of University of Michigan engineering undergraduate students have developed a new way to detect them. The students invented portable, palm-sized metal detectors that could be hidden in trash cans, under tables or in flower pots, for example. The detectors are designed to be part of a wireless sensor network that conveys to a base station where suspicious objects are located and who might be carrying them. Compared with existing technology, the sensors are cheaper, lower-power and longer-range. Each of the sensors weighs about 2 pounds. The core technology is based on a magnetometer, or metal detector, explained Ashwin Lalendran, an engineering student who worked on the project and graduated in May. "We built it entirely in-house—the hardware and the software," Lalendran said. "Our sensors are small, flexible to deploy, inexpensive and scalable. It's extremely novel technology."

FLV player

Engineering undergraduates developed a wireless network of portable, hand-held sensors that could be hidden around an environment to detect improvised explosive devices, weapons often used by suicide bombers. - Source

06/26/09 - Chinese man to Obama: Use my flycatcher
KeelyNet A Chinese inventor of ultrasonic flycatchers said here Tuesday that he has mailed his patent invention to an international organization, which he hopes will pass it on to US President Barack Obama. "It is not hygienic for President Obama to swat a fly with his hand. The machine can catch the insect alive automatically," said Hu Xilin, a famed private businessman, who is known as "Lord of the Flycatchers" in China. The man, in his 50s, said the People for the Ethnic Treatment of Animals (Peta) has shown an interest in accepting his fly catching devices and sending the machine to the US President. Hu's invention, which was patented by the China State Intellectual Property Office in 2007, is motor driven, and can trap flies with organic bait and an ultraviolet lamp. It is the same size as a desktop printer. The businessman in Yuyao City, in east China's Zhejiang Province, has accumulated 10 million dried fly specimens, trapped by the machine. - Source

06/26/09 - This 4th of July: Drape flag in black or invert it?
KeelyNet Given what's been happening in and being done to this country and our liberties - to say nothing of our Constitution, I'm not certain we should even be celebrating; perhaps we should mourn. How about instead of flying Old Glory in all its beautiful splendor, we fly it with a black ribbon draped across the stars and stripes? When you consider all we've lost because of the administration of Barack Hussein Obama and his willing henchmen in government and the media, there's good reason for an element of mourning on this Independence Day... We are not as free as we were barely six months ago, and we'll continue to be less free as the days pass and this administration puts in place rules, policies, czars, regulations and other whims of the man who is president... We can fly the flag with a black ribbon or, if we really feel betrayed, we can fly it upside down. That's the traditional "distress" symbol, and if this country and our freedoms aren't "in distress" at this point in time, I don't know how else to describe it. - Source

06/26/09 - Exactamente!

KeelyNet

06/26/09 - Ask Favors in Right Ears for Better Results
KeelyNet Keep this in mind the next time you're seated to your boss' right. After a tour of Italian nightclubs, research assistants found that twice as many cigarettes could be bummed if the request was made in someone's right ear. The Italian researchers were following up on many studies showing that humans perceive and respond to auditory input differently through their different ears. They put it to the test in the loud discos of Pescara, Italy, so that leaning in and asking for a cigarette from 88 people wouldn't seem quite so odd. No word on the relative looks or dress of the person doing the asking, but the study's organizers think they know why the right ear was far more successful: Researchers have noted that humans tend to have a preference for listening to verbal input with their right ears and that given stimulus in both ears, they'll privilege the syllables that went into the right ear. Brain scientists hypothesize that the right ear auditory stream receives precedence in the left hemisphere of the brain, where the bulk of linguistic processing is carried out. - Source

06/26/09 - Social Media to become a millionaire overnight?
KeelyNet How would you like to increase your Twitter followers by eleventy-billion in 3.68 seconds? Do you want to use Twitter to make a gazillion dollars through affiliate marketing and multi-level marketing schemes? Do you use the term "Twitter Coach" to describe yourself? What? Eleventy-billion is totally a real number. Trust us - we're Certified Web 2.0 Social Media Guru Expert Maven Coaches. We've done ALL the work for you! We've spent WEEKS becoming experts in Social Media Marketing so you don't have to! - Source

06/26/09 - Backyard Chickens
Established in 1999, BackyardChickens has become the #1 destination for the information you need to raise, keep, and appreciate chickens. Originally designed for the urban chicken owner, we're here to help and support chickens in any backyard! Is this your first time here? We suggest you begin your soon-to-be lifelong love of Backyard Chickens by visiting the pages at the link. - Source

06/26/09 - NASA moon bombing violates space law
KeelyNet The planned October 9, 2009 bombing of the moon by a NASA orbiter that will bomb the moon with a 2-ton kinetic weapon to create a 5 mile wide deep crater as an alleged water-seeking and lunar colonization experiment, is contrary to space law prohibiting environmental modification of celestial bodies. The NASA moon bombing, a component of the LCROSS mission, may also trigger conflict with known extraterrestrial civilizations on the moon as reported on the moon in witnessed statements by U.S. astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong, and in witnessed statements to NSA (National Security Agency) photos and documents regarding an extraterrestrial base on the dark side of the moon. - Source

06/26/09 - The Power of Statelessness
Most political groups in modern history have wanted to build and control a state. Whether movements of self-determination in the 19th century, of decolonization in the post–World War II decades, or political parties advocating separatism in several Western states in the 1990s (e.g., Italy and Quebec) — all aimed at one thing: to have a separate state that they could call their own. The means they employed to achieve this end ranged from terrorism and guerilla warfare to political pressure and electoral campaigns, but the ultimate goal was the same — creation of its own state. It is the ultimate goal no longer, and it is likely to be even less so in the future. Many of today’s nonstate groups do not aspire to have a state. In fact, they are considerably more capable of achieving their objectives and maintaining their social cohesion without a state apparatus. The state is a burden for them, while statelessness is not only very feasible but also a source of enormous power. - Source

06/26/09 - Envision Nuclear Attack on City of your choice
KeelyNet Ever wondered what would happen if a nuclear weapon detonated in your, or someone else's, city? Well, wonder no more... This map shows the damage caused by a nuclear explosion. Search for a place, pick a weapon and press "Nuke It!" 2009 Test (North Korea, 2009, 6 Kilotons) The latest from Dear Leader: the yield of the test is still not confirmed by the West. - Source

06/26/09 - 7 Man-Made Substances that Laugh in the Face of Physics
The universe is full of weird substances like liquid metal and whatever preservative keeps Larry King alive. But mankind isn't happy to accept the weirdness of nature when we can create our own abominations of science that, due to the miracle of technology, spit in nature's face and call it retarded. - Source

06/26/09 - Tennesee Man Charged In "Virtual Pornography" Case
"CNN reports that 'A Tennessee man is facing charges of aggravated sexual exploitation of a minor for what authorities say are three pictures — none of them featuring an actual child's body. Instead, according to testimony presented at Michael Wayne Campbell's preliminary hearing in Chattanooga, Tennessee, on Wednesday, the photos feature the faces of three young girls placed on the nude bodies of adult females, CNN affiliate WDEF reported.'" - Source

06/26/09 - Girl dies Tweeting in the tub
KeelyNet People, people, people. Web 2.0 can do a lot of things, but it doesn't change the laws of physics, particularly in regards to the transmission of electricity. To wit: A teenage girl was discovered dead this weekend, electrocuted after dropping her laptop in the bathtub. Why did she need a computer in the tub? So she could update Twitter. About what she was tweeting remains unclear, but it was hopefully something more meaningful than the soap she was using. Maria Barbu, 17, of Brasov, Romania, is said to have been plugging her laptop into wall current at the time, after "the battery died during a long session on social networking site Twitter as she took a soak." - Source

06/26/09 - Beamed Space Solar Power Plant To Open In 2016?
"Anybody who managed to get a decent city going in Sim City 2000 remembers the microwave power plant; now it seems like a real-world equivalent might be coming up on the horizon. The Pacific Gas and Electricity Company, per this 'interview' with the CEO of Solaren on their affiliated site, announced PG&E's plans to buy 200MW of base-load power from a Solaren beamed space solar power plant by 2016." - Source

06/22/09 - Hunch - the Decision Helper
What is Hunch? Hunch is a new way to help people make all kinds of decisions, such as:

* Where should I go on vacation?
* What's the best US college for me?
* What kind of smartphone is right for me?
* Which museum should I visit in the Netherlands?
* What blog should I read?

Results are based on the collective knowledge of Hunch's users. Hunch already has more than 2,500 possible topics, and Hunch users add new topics every day. - Source

06/22/09 - GM: Ready to Resuscitate the Electric Car?
Many are wondering how GM got to where it is today--in Chapter 11, restructuring, and dependent on government efforts to make that transition. Despite that Ford and Chrysler, the other two of the so-called Big Three, have taken a similar tack, GM has been subject to particular scrutiny. One reason for that scrutiny is its traditional role as the largest of The Big Three. Another was the company's dubious "starring role" in the 2006 documentary Who Killed the Electric Car. But how bad, or how good, really, is GM's century-long relationship with mother earth? GM began experimenting with electric vehicles in the 1960s, when the environmental movement was just taking off, producing the Electrovair I and II and in 1970 creating the Electrovette. These forward-looking vehicles never made it past the car show display floors. But even that tryout didn't last long, and past the mid-1970s the electric car came to a halt. The problem? "Lead plates and sulfuric acid, very low power density," said GM rep Tom Wilkinson, referring to the characteristics of the lead acid battery used in the vehicles, which ultimately led GM to ditch the project. Although the EV1 looked to be the next big environmental breakthrough in the auto industry, GM stopped the program in 2002, citing modest sales and steep expenses as the primary causes for its end. "At the time the EV1 was developed, it was designed around lead acid batteries, but to maximize the range from the battery GM had to make the car so it was a light two-seater," said Wilkinson. Fencenko confirmed that only about 25 percent of the EV1s made used the NiMH battery. Wilkinson further explained that the lead acid battery had a significant weight that forced engineers to compensate for by making the car incredibly small and lightweight. "It had a very high current charging system," said Wilkinson. "In order to try to make that safe and convenient for consumers we developed an electric charging system, very expensive. It cost more than a Cadillac Escalade. They were simply economically impractical. In the end the business case didn't work out." Former CEO Rick Wagoner later said in an interview with Motor Trend Magazine in 2006 that killing the EV1 program was the worst decision of his career. But it wasn't just economics that halted GM's interest in an electric vehicle. In 1996 the California Air Resource Board, responsible for the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandate just six years earlier, backed off on its demands for cleaner cars by 1998 and instead just left the mandate of 10 percent ZEV by 2003. "Everything changed with the California Air Resource Bill. That was the original genesis or the seed behind [Ovonic's] relationship with GM," said Fetcenko. With the absence of enforcement, "They weren't highly motivated to make [EV1s]. SUVs were simply selling better." - Source

06/22/09 - New Design Makes Nuclear Reactors Cheaper and Faster To Build
KeelyNet A new type of nuclear reactor that is designed to be manufactured in a factory rather than built at a power plant could cut construction times for nuclear power plants almost in half and make them cheaper to build. That, in turn, could make it possible for more utilities to build nuclear power plants, especially those in poor countries. The design comes from Babcock and Wilcox, a company based in Lynchburg, VA, that has made nuclear reactors for the United States Navy ships for about 50 years. This 4.5-meter-wide, 23-meter-long nuclear reactor designed to fit on a railcar for shipping to the site of a power plant. - Source

06/22/09 - New Invention Could Make Clean Energy a Reality
Former Yale engineering professor Béla Lipták says traditional power stations can be replaced with renewable energy generators. He has designed one that would use only the sun’s rays as fuel and produce water as a by-product. Design number one is a 1,000 MegaWatt (MW) solar-hydrogen power plant (the same size as a nuclear or fossil power plant), which can generate either electricity (if a grid is available in the area) or produce liquid hydrogen fuel, which can be stored and transported in trucks or tankers, similarly to liquified natural gas. The way he sees it: By the end of this century, I expect a 100 percent renewable energy economy, half of that supplied by solar, the other half by bio, geothermal, ocean currents, wind, tide, etc. The solar 50 percent I expect to be generated half and half by large power plants (1,000 MW, each requiring about 10 square miles …surface area) and by solar roofs on our homes, buildings, even possibly roads. Lipták continued: Design number two is a ”zero energy home:” The roof of the house is covered not with regular roof shingles, but by solar energy collecting shingles and the home is connected to the grid through a two-directional electric meter. When the sun is out, the excess electricity not needed by the home is sent to the grid and is paid for by the receiving utility at ”peak” prices, usually about 2-3 that of night time electricity. When the sun is not out, the electricity needs of the home are provided from the grid at the low rate of ”night” electricity. Even in the temperate zones of the planet, the yearly balance is positive. The home is designed to also recharge two electric cars. The key to these designs is Lipták’s invention, the ”Reversible Fuel Cell” (RFC.) The RFC has is quite complex, but the basic idea is simple. The cell has two modes, an electrolyzer mode which would work during daylight, in which the RFC would convert solar energy into hydrogen and oxygen, and a night time mode, in which the RFC would act as a fuel cell, and convert the stored hydrogen into electricity and water, its only by-product. Lipták explained how he happened on the idea: I copied the RFC from nature: The electrolyzer mode of the RFC is what plants do: They take in water, split it into (hydrogen) H2 and (oxygen) O by the use of solar energy and the catalyst chlorophyll, release the (oxygen) O2 into the atmosphere and use the H2 and the (carbon dioxide) CO2 in the atmosphere to make food for the animals (such as … cellulose, glucose, etc.) The FC mode of the RFC is what animals do: Use the O2 to gain energy by oxidizing the feed, exhale CO2 and emit water and solid waste ”ash”. - Source

06/22/09 - Google Maps Adds Local Attractions with "What's Here?" Link
KeelyNet Google Maps is a fantastic tool for getting directions and finding destinations. With its most recent update, it's a lot better at answering the question "What is here?" around any given point. Click on a Google Map and choose from the context menu, as seen above, "What's here?" The left-hand panel is populated with information about that place on the map. Photos if available, information about buildings and businesses located there, landmarks and user created maps related to the area will appear if available. If you're someone who navigates more by visual markers than by cardinal direction, knowing what things are on your route can be extremely helpful. - Source

06/22/09 - Lies, Damn Lies, and Battery-Life Statistics
"What if automakers measured gas mileage by rolling their cars downhill with their engines idling? They might, Newsweek's Daniel Lyons suggests, if they took inspiration from the MobileMark 2007 notebook battery-life benchmark test, the creation of a consortium called BAPCo, whose members are — surprise — computer makers and other tech companies. Laptops score big numbers, Lyons explains, because they're tested with screens dimmed to 20%-30% of full brightness, Wi-Fi turned off, and the main processor chip running at 7.5% of capacity. Professional reviewers see company-generated battery-life claims as a joke. 'The rule of thumb is that in real-world use you get about 50 percent of rated battery life,' says a Gizmodo associate editor. Leading the call for reform is the not-necessarily-altruistic AMD, who gripes that MM07 was created in Intel's labs and rigged so Intel chips would outscore AMD chips, which draw more power when idle." - Source

06/22/09 - Mayo Clinic Reports Dramatic Outcomes In Prostate Cancer Treatment
"Two prostate cancer patients who had been told their condition was inoperable are now cancer-free as the result of an experimental therapy, the Mayo Clinic in Rochester announced Friday. 'Cancer has a propensity for turning off T cells. Dr. Allison hypothesized that if you block the off-switch, T cells will stay turned on and create a prolonged immune response. Dr. Kwon, then at NIH, demonstrated that CTLA-4 blockage could be used to treat aggressive forms of prostate cancer in mice. There was one limitation to that concept — the worry that by simply leaving all the T cells on there may not be enough response aimed at the tumor. Dr. Kwon called Dr. Allison and designed the trial together. The idea: use androgen ablation or hormone therapy to ignite an immune approach — a pilot light — and then, after a short interval of hormone therapy, introduce an anti-CTLA-4 antibody that acts like gasoline to this pilot light and overwhelms the cancer cells.' After the treatment, the patients' tumors shrunk to such a degree that they could be successfully removed." - Source

06/22/09 - Homemade toroid winder
KeelyNet [eclipsed78], built an automatic toroid winder. The drum splits in order to load the toroid. Then wire is wound on the drum, much like any other coil would be wound. The drum rotates as a slider pulls the wire off the drum, while revolving in and out of the toroid. A side tension keeps the slack out of the wire during operation. The winding coil is stepped as the drum rotates, in order to control the turns ratio. [eclipsed78] created a stepper driver from a schematic, so he could drive the motors. You can watch the winder in operation as a series of videos. The first of which is embedded below. If you have ever needed to wind a massive toroidal transformer, this is the project for you. - Source

06/22/09 - Lead scientists offer hints of vast energy
A series of recent lectures given by some of the UK's leading scientists under the auspices of the Institute of Physics have all mentioned the fact that around 75 per cent of equivalent mass of the universe is made up of "Dark Energy", and that this energy is almost certainly what some call, "The energy of the vacuum field" or "Zero point energy" and dropping hints that it is worth investigating further just in case we can use it. When I undertook my undergraduate studies in Natural Sciences many years ago, I remember being told that there was no possible way of extracting it. However, it seems to be powerful enough to driving clusters of galaxies apart and also does things on the very small scale, see link below from the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory... - Source

06/22/09 - Detroit Electric, Dongfang Motor to develop and make electric cars in China
KeelyNet If it succeeds, Detroit Electric would be among the first to mass-produce an electric car driven purely by a noiseless battery-powered motor. It says its electric drive systems will enable extended-range models of the cars it is used in travel up to 325 kilometers (200 miles) on a single charge. Auto makers must innovate themselves out of their dependence on gasoline and diesel, and China seems committed to making the switch, Lam said. China's BYD Auto has introduced the plug-in hybrid F3DM for fleet sales in December. It runs up to 100 kilometers (62 miles) on a single charge before reverting to its conventional gasoline engine. Other carmakers are racing to produce fully electric cars. U.S.-based Tesla Motors has a prototype electric car that is scheduled to be produced by 2011. Toyota said it plans to sell electric vehicles in the U.S. by 2012, while Nissan Motor Co. said it will market electric vehicles in Japan and the U.S. after April 2010. State-run Dongfeng, formerly the Second Automobile Works, is a partner of Japan's Nissan Motor Co., and is based in the central Chinese city of Wuhan. The company is among many Chinese manufacturers moving quickly to develop electric vehicles for the fast-growing local market, with the encouragement of authorities who are keen to reduce automobile emissions and limit the country's growing reliance on imported oil. - Source

06/22/09 - Verification of Vacuum-energy (PDF)
Dear colleagues, Vacuum-energy (the zero-point oscillations) is now made manifest in the Lab. This is the link to my article, where I published the results: http://www.wbabin.net/physics/turtur1e.pdf (93 pages, 1.1 MB, download for free) With Best Regards - From Claus W. Turtur - Email: c-w.turtur@fh-wolfenbuettel.de - Source

06/22/09 - MIT Hopes to Exorcise 'Phantom' Traffic Jams
Phantom jams are born of a lot of cars using the road. No surprise there. But when traffic gets too heavy, it takes the smallest disturbance in the flow - a driver laying on the brakes, someone tailgating too closely or some moron picking pickles off his burger - to ripple through traffic and create a self-sustaining traffic jam. Massachusetts Institute of Technology mathematicians have created a model to describe how these frustrating snarls form. With this understanding, engineers could design build better roads to minimize the odds of them happening. - Source

06/22/09 - Democrats dodge ban on cash from lobbyists - (Politician = Liar)
President Barack Obama's strict ban on lobbyist contributions will limit the haul from Thursday night's fundraising dinner for congressional Democrats, but organizers have found a way around it: a morning-after event at the same hotel where lobbyists - and their money - will be welcomed with open arms. - Source

06/22/09 - Retro-Future: To The Stars! (w/links to other excellent graphics!)
KeelyNet This is the start of a new series, collection of the most inspiring & hard-to-find retro-futuristic graphics. We will try to stay away from the well-known American pulp & book cover illustrations and instead will focus on the artwork from rather unlikely sources: Soviet & Eastern Bloc "popular tech & science" magazines, German, Italian, British fantastic illustrations and promotional literature - all from the Golden Age of Retro-Future (from 1930s to 1970s). Click to enlarge most images. - Source

06/22/09 - Connection between Alzheimer's disease and sense of smell?
Alzheimer's disease and the sense of smell are closely connected. The Russian scientists who have been working on establishing a connection between the sense of smell and the development of certain diseases came to conclusion that the distortion of smell perception may signal the beginning of Alzheimer's disease. Today there are more than ten theories explaining the origin of this disease. According to the most popular theory, it is a specific beta-amiloida fiber that causes Alzheimer's disease. Normally this fiber is present in the human body in microscopic proportions. If a person develops Alzheimer's disease, this fiber is accumulated in the brain forming plaques. Patients say that they usually feel changes in the sense of smell when the disease begins. Russian scientists decided to investigate this hypothesis to find out whether there is a connection between the loss of the sense of smell and the degeneration process in the brain. Alzheimer's usually develops very slowly. That is why it is very important to create the model of the disease. And the Russian scientists have created it. - Source

06/22/09 - Microbes May Be More Networked Than You Are
KeelyNet A few years ago, microbiologist Gemma Reguera of Michigan State University reported that a certain type of bacteria could use rust to grow electrically conductive appendages. Shortly thereafter, my lab showed that many more bacterial species also had the ability to grow nanowires. The oxygen-making cyanobacteria that “invented” photosynthesis produce conductive nanowires in response to limited amounts of carbon dioxide. Heat-loving, methane-producing consortia of microorganisms even appear to produce nanowires that connect organisms from separate domains of life. We are slowly, yet steadily, realizing that many (perhaps most?) bacteria produce nanowires. And the extracellular structures connecting bacterial cells into complex integrated communities create a pattern that looks suspiciously like a neural network. I believe we now stand at the edge of a new scientific frontier. One of the most exciting hypotheses concerning bacterial nanowires is the possibility that they are part of another type of primitive (or advanced?) communication system. When one considers that individual cells — each with their own set integrated of metabolic reactions — are connected by electrically conductive filaments, this hypothesis is quite reasonable. The rate or frequency of electron transfer from one organism to another could reasonably serve a form of communication. Demonstrating that bacteria can communicate using integrated neurobiological circuitry will be no easy feat, but success in this pursuit will fundamentally change our understanding of microbial physiology and ecology. Scientists in my lab and others are still characterizing these tiny electrical appendages. We know that nanowires are composed largely of protein, but the type of proteins appears to vary from organism to organism. They can grow to be more than ten times the length of a typical bacterium and are typically 8 to 10 nanometers in diameter. Long wires like this could be used as a kind of breathing tube. The evidence suggests that nanowires can transfer electrons over distances ten times the length of an individual cell. This would allow cells to access an energy source that is relatively far away from them, but it’s still unclear whether the nanowires can be used this way. - Source

06/22/09 - Enormous potential in tiny particles
Dunedin-based Izon has been busy hiring staff and finalising preparations for the launch of the first commercial version of its nanoparticle testing machine. Half a million dollars in public funding has helped, and Izon has also found private money to boost its finances. What the machines do is measure, analyse and control nanoparticles - right down to a single particle - by passing them through a tiny pore in a membrane whose size can be precisely adjusted. Beta versions of Izon's nanoparticle measurement machines have already been sold to research organisations in Germany, the Netherlands, Japan, Taiwan, Denmark, Britain and Belgium. It hopes to sell at least 45 of the machines by the end of the year, and then quickly increase sales. At €4000 ($8808) to €5000 apiece, the machines are designed to be price-competitive against rivals. Izon also gets revenue from selling the consumable nanopores - the membrane with a pore it. Izon now makes two versions of a nanoparticle measuring machine, the nanopores used in the measurement, and the software that runs the system. The membranes are made from the same patented material used by Dr Murray Broom in his world-famous foldable kayaks. In future, the idea is to keep developing ways to control the size of the "hole", shrink the coffee grinder-sized machine into a cellphone-sized version, and include more automation in the system. Izon's machines are aimed at researchers, who can use them to help probe the nature and potential uses of nanoparticles. It is a kind of backdoor entry in the frantic race for nanotechnology success. Izon's machine can be applied to medical diagnostics, nanoparticle measurement, biomolecule analysis and environmental diagnostics, among others. - Source

06/22/09 - Odd discovery may help refine theories about how planets form
An international team of researchers has found a planet around another star whose orbit is steeply tilted from the plane of the star's equator, a finding that contradicts some theories about how solar systems form. In our own solar system, all of the planets orbit the sun almost exactly in the same plane as the sun's rotation - and that alignment is required by currently accepted theories of how stars and planets form from a collapsing disk of dust and gas. Any misalignment, such as the one the team found, must have occurred as a result of a disturbance sometime after the planet's formation, theorists say. Close encounters with other planets could greatly amplify a slight initial tilt, but attraction from the disk of material could not. So that theory could not account for a planet ending up on such a tilted orbit, which rules out that theory at least in the case of this particular planet. - Source

06/22/09 - Trepanation - A cure for dementia?
IN THE early 1960s, a young Russian neurophysiologist called Yuri Moskalenko travelled from the Soviet Union to the UK on a Royal Society exchange programme. During his stay, he co-authored a paper published in Nature. "Variation in blood volume and oxygen availability in the human brain" may not sound subversive, but it was the start of a radical idea. With funding from the foundation, he is exploring the idea that people with Alzheimer's disease could be treated by drilling a hole in their skull. In fact, he is so convinced of the benefits of trepanation that he claims it may help anyone from their mid-40s onwards to slow or even reverse the process of age-related cognitive decline. So where does trepanation come into all this? "A hole made in the bony cavity would act as a pressure-release valve," says Kennett, and this would alter the flow of fluids around the brain. This is exactly what Moskalenko observed when he carried out one of the first neurophysiological studies on trepanation. Moskalenko studied 15 people who had undergone the procedure following head injuries. He found that their cranial compliance was around 20 per cent higher than the average for their age. Based on this, he calculates that a 4-square-centimetre hole increases cerebral blood flow by between 8 and 10 per cent, which is equivalent to 0.8 millilitres more blood per heartbeat (Human Physiology, vol 34, p 299). This, he says, shows that trepanation could be an effective treatment for Alzheimer's, and he even goes so far as to suggest that it might provide a "significant" improvement in the mental functions of anyone from their mid-40s, when cranial compliance starts to decline. - Source

06/22/09 - Prototype Nokia phone recharges without wires
KeelyNet While "traditional" (if there is such a thing) wireless power systems are specifically designed with a transmitter and receiver in mind, Nokia's system isn't finicky about where it gets its wireless waves. TV, radio, other mobile phone systems -- all of this stuff just bounces around the air and most of it is wasted, absorbed into the environment or scattered into the ether. Nokia picks up all the bits and pieces of these waves and uses the collected electromagnetic energy to create electrical current, then uses that to recharge the phone's battery. A huge range of frequencies can be utilized by the system (there's no other way, really, as the energy in any given wave is infinitesimal). It's the same idea that Tesla was exploring 100 years ago, just on a tiny scale. Mind you, harvesting ambient electromagnetic energy is never going to offer enough electricity to power your whole house or office, but it just might be enough to keep a cell phone alive and kicking. Currently Nokia is able to harvest all of 5 milliwatts from the air; the goal is to increase that to 20 milliwatts in the short term and 50 milliwatts down the line. That wouldn't be enough to keep the phone alive during an active call, but would be enough to slowly recharge the cell phone battery while it's in standby mode, theoretically offering infinite power -- provided you're not stuck deep underground where radio waves can't penetrate. Nokia says it hopes to commercialize the technology in three to five years. - Source

06/22/09 - Florida Man Killed By Computerized Vehicle While Inspecting Tracks
The computerized vehicle, which is not driven by a conductor, was stopped, but moved forward for an unknown reason. Police found the body about 100 feet from the platform; the identity of the supervisor wasn't released. This is the second public transit worker death in the last week. On Sunday night, a 60-year-old Metrorail security officer was shot and killed by two men in a station garage. - Source

06/22/09 - Plant Communication: Sagebrush Self-recognizes And Warns Of Danger
Plants engage in self-recognition and can communicate danger to their “clones” or genetically identical cuttings planted nearby, says professor Richard Karban of the Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, in groundbreaking research published in the current edition of Ecology Letters. Karban and fellow scientist Kaori Shiojiri of the Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Japan, found that sagebrush responded to cues of self and non-self without physical contact. The sagebrush communicated and cooperated with other branches of themselves to avoid being eaten by grasshoppers, Karban said. Although the research is in its early stages, the scientists suspect that the plants warn their own kind of impending danger by emitting volatile cues. This may involve secreting chemicals that deter herbivores or make the plant less profitable for herbivores to eat, he said. - Source

06/22/09 - Nightmare Rental Property
A landlord inspects an apartment after the tenant moved out: Nightmare Rental Property. The tags used to describe this video are: disgusting, filthy, gross, unbelievable, nasty, reality. View at your own risk. I've never seen anything like this. The highlight is at the end, when they open the refrigerator. - Source

06/18/09 - New hydrogen-powered city car takes to the road
Like other hydrogen cars, the Riversimple Urban Car (RUC) is powered by a fuel cell that combines hydrogen with oxygen from the air to release energy and nothing more toxic than water. Its makers claim that by starting from scratch to build a small, efficient car they can make it commercially viable more quickly than the major auto manufacturers experimenting with adapting more conventional cars to hydrogen. The lack of fuelling infrastructure aside, the three main problems with building a hydrogen car are that fuel cells contain expensive platinum, are difficult to make powerful enough to power a conventional vehicle, and the hydrogen they use is hard to store in large quantities. Those barriers are very real, but were created by the auto giants themselves, says Riversimple founder and automotive engineer, Hugo Spowers. "If your car is light and efficient enough, the hurdles are lowered." The RUC is about the size of a Smart car, weighs 350 kilograms (772 pounds) and uses a relatively cheap 6 kilowatt fuel cell, compared to the more sophisticated 100 kW cell used by the FCX Clarity, he says. The fuel payload need not be huge, either: just 1 kg (2.2 lb) of liquid hydrogen (26 litres at normal pressure) is enough to take the car 300 kilometres, says Spowers. The car's top speed is 50 miles per hour (80.4672 kilometres per hour), and it can accelerate from 0 to 30 mph (48 km/h) in 5.5 seconds. Even using hydrogen derived from natural gas, its well-to-wheel carbon emissions for urban driving are only 30 grams/km. What, no battery? The RUC is driven by four electric motors – one in each wheel – which were developed at Oxford University. Coupling the motors directly to the wheels in this way makes it possible to recoup as much as 50 per cent of the energy that would be lost to friction using conventional brakes. That is considerably more than most hybrid and electric cars manage, which are limited by the fact that their electric motors are connected to only one pair of wheels. The RUC doesn't have a battery, but relies instead on a bank of ultracapacitors, which are able to take on and release energy much more rapidly, and provide most of the power to get the car moving. Rather than varying output to match demand, the fuel cell runs at a constant rate and trickles energy into the ultracapacitors, alongside the energy reclaimed when braking. "When you accelerate, 75 per cent of the power comes from the ultracapacitors," says Spowers. - Source

06/18/09 - Voodoo Histories: The Role of the Conspiracy Theory...
KeelyNet A superbly researched, wittily written and eminently sane book explodes conspiracy theories by the dozen, while pointing out how dangerous they can be to society. Of course, it's perfectly true that sometimes in history there have indeed been genuine conspiracies. The Catiline conspiracy in Ancient Rome, the Gunpowder Plot, the Cato Street Conspiracy to blow up the British Cabinet in 1820, the Bolshevik conspiracy to overthrow the Kerensky government in Russia in October 1917, and the Iran-Contra conspiracy in Reagan's White House in 1985-6 are all cases in point. Generally, however, it is the cock-up explanation rather than the conspiracy that provides the best guide to what really happened. To believe that dark forces control our lives, and have done so for centuries, is a sure sign of weak-mindedness, akin to a belief in UFOs or that one's destiny is affected by the zodiac. Yet the sheer number of people who do genuinely believe that when it comes to the Holy Blood and the Holy Grail or The Da Vinci Code 'there has to be something to it' and 'there's no smoke without fire' is astounding. Of course, ever since Watergate, Hollywood has done all in its power to foster the notion that huge conspiracies are the driving force behind everything. Movies in which the US government in its various forms is the hidden enemy, and moral corruption goes to the very top of politics and crime-fighting, have polluted the American polity for thirty-five years now. Films like Three Days of the Condor, The Manchurian Candidate, Rambo, The Forgotten, The Day After Tomorrow, E.T., The X-Files, Assault on Precinct 13, The Pacifier, Danger Island, Mission Impossible, Quantum of Solace, and so interminably on, all rely upon the underlying assumption that the CIA or other shadowy government agencies have unlimited power and sinister motives. Politicians and policemen, who were once portrayed as role models, are now routinely depicted as treacherous and corrupt. The result of over three decades of such unrelenting celluloid fare is that more Americans than ever before are willing to believe that the world is really run by the Illuminati, the Trilateral Commission, the Bilderburg Conference, Bohemian Grove, Le Cercle and other such perfectly innocent bodies. The reason that this matters is that, as Aaronovitch points out, 'the belief in conspiracy theories is harmful in itself. It distorts our view of history and therefore of the present and - if widespread enough - leads to disastrous decisions.' - Source

06/18/09 - Ag company boosts yields without chemistry
KeelyNet A new farming equipment invention from Liberty, Mo.-based TerraManus Technologies has an absorbent waffle-like effect on soil, rather than that of a pancake where the syrup runs off the sides. “The concept is very simple, but the science behind it is very complex,” he said. “Each curve on the wheel maximizes the water flow, and consolidates rather than compacting the soil.” The company’s invention, called the TerraStar, is essentially an inflatable, molded plastic wheel. It uses consolidation to create reservoirs that are walled by various curves and angles. The result helps to increase the surface area of the soil by about 35 percent as well as boosting the water penetration rate into the soil, the company claims. Whittaker said farmers have been able to reduce water and fertilizer needs by 10 to 30 percent. And increased crop yields have been as much as 42 percent for tomatoes and 12 percent for corn, for which demand has been steadily growing in recent years. The molded plastic wheel consolidates the soil while creating a structured reservoir system to manage water flow, reduce erosion and increase soil surface area and water infiltration. - Source

06/18/09 - 36 Patents for invention that destroys H1N1 Swine Flu virus in Minutes
British scientists have developed a unique air purifier, now patented in 36 jurisdictions around the world, which according to independent research can kill the viruses H1N1 Swine Flu and H5N1 Bird Flu within minutes in any room or other enclosed space. It is also effective against the MRSA ‘superbug’ and other airborne bacteria and viruses: Tri-Air Developments - The technology is not a filtration process: the unit uniquely combines three different methods of decontamination to simulate the natural purification properties of fresh air, creating the cleansing hydroxyl radicals that occur outdoors. The technology ‘scrubs’ the air clean of airborne viruses and bacteria, and is also effective against those on surfaces – which would help protect against hospital acquired infections and shield offices, homes and public spaces from flu virus. The technology has been tested by the UK’s Health Protection Agency for its ability to kill both airborne and surface bacteria and viruses, and was shown to be 99.999 per cent effective in killing an airborne test Staphylococcus of the same genus as MRSA in less than two minutes. The decontamination process occurs both within and outside the machine, to create a continual supply of hydroxyl radicals dispersed throughout a room, making it effective even without processing all of the air through the unit. This process is 100 times more effective than current methods of decontamination, according to inventors Tri-Air Developments... - Source

06/18/09 - Electricity from water and air pressure?
That’s exactly what Ruben Pesebre, a newspaper editor, invented and for which he was granted a patent. The Bureau of Patents granted Pesebre, known in the industry as Butch Roldan of People’s Taliba, exclusive rights throughout the Philippines to make, use or sell his invention. The patent is in effect until 2025. Pesebre calls his invention the “underwater pressure energy converter,” or Upec. Pesebre’s business partner, Nemesio “Boyet” Antonio Jr., said once commercially operational Upec can produce the cheapest and most efficient electricity that can be made available to both household and commercial or industrial users. The Letters of Patent issued to Pesebre by patents director Epifanio Evasco, dated May 12, bore the serial 1-2005-000208. Under the Letters of Patent, Pesebre was also granted the right to import Upec in case of a foreign-based development or business relationship, including the process and products obtained directly or indirectly from these processes. Pesebre and Antonio are entertaining business partners. - Source

06/18/09 - Sainsbury's to pioneer 'revolutionary' green technology to power new store
KeelyNet A supermarket chain will open its first "people-powered" store this week using technology that captures energy from vehicles to power its checkouts. Whenever a vehicle passes over the "kinetic road plates" positioned in the car park, energy is captured which would otherwise be wasted. Sainsbury's will channel the energy back into the store, saving power that would normally be taken from the National Grid. The kinetic road plates are expected to produce 30kW of green energy an hour, which is more than enough to power the store's checkouts. The system, pioneered for Sainsbury's by Peter Hughes of Highway Energy Systems, does not affect the car or fuel efficiency, and drivers feel no disturbance as they drive over the plates. The kinetic road plates are one of a number of energy-saving measures at Sainsbury's green store in Gloucester, in the new Gloucester Quays development. Over two years, the store will harvest enough rainwater to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool, which will be used to flush the store's toilets. Solar thermal panels will heat up to 100% of the store's hot water during the summer, and more than 90% of the construction waste was re-used or recycled. - Source

06/18/09 - Laptops may be frying your sperm!
If you’re resting your laptop on your lap while checking the sport scores, you might be roasting your boys. The heat generated from laptop computers may impact sperm production and impair fertility. Experts say 40% of fertility issues can be attributed to men, usually caused by erectile dysfunction, hormonal disorders or decreased libido from antidepressant medications. So, if you’re firing blanks. Loyola University Health System has some tips, like avoiding hot tubs, wearing boxers instead of briefs, eating healthy, getting at least 8 hours of sleep each night, reducing stress and placing laptops on a desk. - Source

06/18/09 - Acoustic laser
In operation, the saser device is comprised of a man-made structure called a ‘superlattice’, composed of around 50 sheets of two alternating layers of gallium arsenide and aluminium arsenide, semiconductor materials just a few atoms thick. In an interview with The Engineer Online, Prof Anthony Kent, from the university’s school of physics and astronomy, explained that a light beam can be used to excite electrons in these semiconductor materials into a high energy state, energy they can then lose through the process of phonon emission. ‘What happens in our saser is similar to the way a laser works: a few excited electrons relax and lose their energy and momentum spontaneously through the emission of a phonon. ‘The emitted phonons are ‘trapped’ in a cavity, or superlattice, and then go on to stimulate further emissions by excited electrons,’ he said. This process of coherent amplification leads to the generation of the saser beam. Crucially, the ‘superlattice’ device can be used to generate, manipulate and detect soundwaves in the terahertz frequency range, making it useful in a range of scientific and technological applications. ‘While our work on sasers is driven mostly by pure scientific curiosity, we feel that the technology has the potential to transform the area of acoustics, much as the laser has transformed optics in the 50 years since its invention,’ Kent added. - Source

06/18/09 - Indian scientists bridge audio divide
An Indian American duo at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has created new technology based on the greatest engineering feat of nature - the human mind-body structure. Their invention, the Radio Frequency Cochlea, will not only enable a new generation of wireless Internet and communication technologies, but will also serve as a reminder of just how much civilization owes to the inner ear and ancient Asian powers of memory. Their invention, which they filed for patent as the Radio Frequency Cochlea (RF Cochlea), will usher in the next generation of wireless Internet, cell phone, radio and TV devices, and inevitably impact a US$2 trillion global media and entertainment industry with more advanced sound gizmos. More immediately, the RF Cochlea will vastly improve radio frequency spectrum in the newly dawning technology of cognitive and smart radios - vital devices that automatically make better use of unused frequencies in our increasingly bandwidth-crowded world. Sarpeshkar and Mondal used the same design principles in the human ear to create the RF Cochlea. The device captures radio frequencies a million times higher than the 100 Hz (100 wave cycles per second) to 100,000 Hz that the human ear captures. It includes radio signals for most commercial wireless applications. In Sarpeshkar's RF Cochlea, human-made inductors imitate the work of fluid mass in the ear, capacitors replicate ear membranes and active radio frequency amplifiers do the work of the outer hair cells in the ear that carry audio as electrical signals to the brain. "The outer human ear acts as the radio antenna," Sarpeshkar explained to Asia Times Online, "the middle ear sifts through the substance from unwanted noise and the inner ear, or cochlea, is the amplifier and separates frequencies before sending signals to the brain." As Sarpeshkar pointed out, RF Cochlea represents not merely a more holistic blending of human technology with nature's engineering, of merging biology with advanced electronics, but it also gives insights about the sense of hearing, a faculty fundamental to the development of civilizations. - Source

06/18/09 - A 'time bomb' for world wheat crop
KeelyNet The Ug99 fungus, called stem rust, could wipe out more than 80% of the world's wheat as it spreads from Africa, scientists fear. The race is on to breed resistant plants before it reaches the U.S... It has already jumped the Red Sea and traveled as far as Iran. Experts say it is poised to enter the breadbasket of northern India and Pakistan, and the wind will inevitably carry it to Russia, China and even North America -- if it doesn't hitch a ride with people first... "It's a time bomb," said Jim Peterson, a professor of wheat breeding and genetics at Oregon State University in Corvallis. "It moves in the air, it can move in clothing on an airplane. We know it's going to be here. It's a matter of how long it's going to take." - Source

06/18/09 - British Court Rules Against Blogger Anonymity
"In a dangerous judgment for British bloggers and whistleblowers, a British court has ruled (absurdly) that because blogging itself is a public activity, bloggers have 'no reasonable expectation of privacy' regarding their identities, and newspapers are allowed to publish their identities if they can find them by fair or foul means. A British police detective who recently won the Orwell Prize for his excellent political writing used his blog to write highly critical accounts of police activities and unethical behavior, making very powerful enemies in the process. A well-funded newspaper with powerful connections quickly heard of his blog and decided it was absolutely vital to expose his identity using an investigative journalist. Like any good newspaper, the blogger anonymized the people and the locations in all the cases he discussed on his blog, but the newspaper alleges these were not sufficiently anonymized and complains that they could work out the identities, though British newspapers don't complain that they are allowed to publish the identities of men who are falsely accused of rape and cleared in court. The newspaper also helpfully contacted the blogger's employer, and his job is now threatened." - Source

06/18/09 - Fast Duplicate File Finder Finds Your File Dupes
KeelyNet Windows only: A little sloppy file keeping can lead to a lot of duplicate and space-hogging files. Dig up all your dupes with the speedy Fast Duplicate File Finder. You can scan local, external, flash-based, and network drives with Fast Duplicate File Finder. There are several convenient features like the ability to automatically mark the older of the two duplicate files as the one that will be deleted or moved, protection of system and program files, and a shortcut to immediately jump to the actual folder where a duplicate you'd like to examine is residing. Fast Duplicate File Finder supports projects, essentially profiles, so you can customize your scanning technique and the locations to be included based on your various needs. There is in-program preview for images, video, music, text, and binary files. When you find duplicates you can dump them into the recycle bin, delete them permanently, or have the files and their folder structure copied to a backup folder to serve as a holding area until you're certain you want them permanently deleted. Fast Duplicate File Finder is freeware, Windows only. - Source

06/18/09 - H2's no more, here comes the H20 car - Japanese Water Powered Car
As per the claims it runs only on a 300W "Water Energy System (WES)" where WATER is the only FUEL. The basic power generation mechanism of the new system is similar to that of a normal fuel cell, which uses hydrogen as a fuel. According to Genepax, the main feature of the new system is that it uses the company's membrane electrode assembly (MEA), which contains a material capable of breaking down water into hydrogen and oxygen through a chemical reaction. A Japanese venture company, Genepax, has unveiled a car on that runs on water. All it requires is a litre of water. In fact, any kind of water to be exact, whether its river, rain, sea water, or even Japanese tea. Its an electric powered car that runs solely on hydrogen dioxide. "The main characteristic of this car is that no external input is needed. The car will continue to run as long as you have a bottle of water inside for you to add from time to time," said Kiyoshi Hirasawa, Chief Executive Officer of Genepax, after he proudly announced the company's invention. Once water is poured into the water tank at the back of the car, the newly invented energy generator takes out the hydrogen from the water, releases electrons and finally generates electrical power. "We highly recommend our system since it does not require you to build up an infrastructure to recharge your batteries, which is usually the case for most electric cars," said Hirasawa, who is hoping to advertise the car in time for the upcoming G8 Summit in Hokkaido, Japan. According to the company, 1 liter of water keeps the car running for about an hour with a speed of 80 kilometers or 50 miles an hour. The company has applied for a patent and is hoping to collaborate with Japanese automobile manufacturers to mass manufacture their invention in the very near future. As fuel prices continue rising and people look for greener alternatives, companies globally are trying to come up with alternatives. Details: http://www.genepax.co.jp/en/ - Source

06/18/09 - Obama blocks access to White House visitor list
Despite President Barack Obama's pledge to introduce a new era of transparency to Washington, and despite two rulings by a federal judge that the records are public, the Secret Service has denied msnbc.com's request for the names of all White House visitors from Jan. 20 to the present. It also denied a narrower request by the nonpartisan watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, which sought logs of visits by executives of coal companies. - Source

06/18/09 - Have a Purpose in Life? You Might Live Longer
"It can be anything -- from wanting to accomplish a goal in life, to achieving something in a volunteer organization, to as little as reading a series of books," said study author Dr. Patricia Boyle, a neuropsychologist at the Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center and an assistant professor of behavioral sciences at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. "We found that people who reported a greater level of purpose in life were substantially less likely to die over the follow-up period -- only about half as likely to die over the follow-up period -- as compared to people with a lower level of purpose," Boyle said. The follow-up period averaged nearly three years. The average score on the sense-of-purpose evaluation was 3.7 of a possible 5, Boyle said. When comparing scores, Boyle found that those with a higher sense of purpose had about half the risk of dying during the follow-up period as did those with a lower sense of purpose. And that was true, she said, even after controlling for such factors as depressive symptoms, chronic medical conditions and disability. "What this is saying is, if you find purpose in life, if you find your life is meaningful and if you have goal-directed behavior, you are likely to live longer," she said. - Source

06/18/09 - Romulan Planet Drill Now In Testing Stages, For Real
If everything goes well, soon we will be able to reach the center of the Earth using 7200ºF flame jets that can go into any kind of material at 100 feet an hour. Wait, "if everything goes well"? Yes, apparently this is a great idea because it can be the key to obtain cheap geothermal power. These drills—created by Jared Potter—will go deep into Mother Earth to reach the magma to make geothermal energy wells. The magma will be used then to superheat water and produce electricity using steam and turbines—forever and ever—something that is impossible now even with today's state-of-the-art drilling technology. Unlike current drilling methods, the flame-jets make holes without touching the rock itself. Potter has two prototypes so far, both with the same results. The first fires a 3200ºF hydrogen flame to heat the rock, making cracks that expand into a full hole in a matter of minutes. The other one superheats a jet of water at 7200ºF and can work at super-deep levels, with extreme pressures. - Source

06/18/09 - Drugs Won the War
This year marks the 40th anniversary of President Richard Nixon's start of the war on drugs, and it now appears that drugs have won. “We’ve spent a trillion dollars prosecuting the war on drugs,” Norm Stamper, a former police chief of Seattle, told me. “What do we have to show for it? Drugs are more readily available, at lower prices and higher levels of potency. It’s a dismal failure.” - Source

06/18/09 - Mexican salamander may yield clues for amputees
KeelyNet Scientists are genetically modifying a bizarre looking Mexican salamander, which according to ancient mythology is a transformed Aztec god, in the hope its ability to regenerate body parts will one day help human amputees. Also known as "water monsters," the half-foot-long (15-cm-long) axolotl is nearly extinct in its only remaining habitat: the polluted vestiges of Aztec canals that snake though southern Mexico City, packed with colorful boats carrying tourists and mariachi musicians. But the slimy animal crowned with frilly gills like a headdress, beady eyes and a goofy smile, is thriving in labs where it reproduces easily. It is a darling of researchers since it can regrow injured limbs, jaws, skin, organs and parts of its brain and spinal chord. Some other animals have the capacity to regenerate, but only salamanders can regrow so many different parts over and over again throughout their lives. Humans already have the ability to regrow missing fingertips if they are cut off above the joint. If the wound is cleaned and dressed properly, a finger can regain its shape, fingerprint and feeling on its own. "Now, as we watch a salamander grow back an arm, we are no longer quite as mystified by how it happens. Soon humans might be able to harness this truly awesome ability ourselves," experts Ken Muneoka, Manjong Han and David Gardiner wrote in a recent article. They speculated it may be only be a decade or two until human parts can be regenerated, salamander-like. - Source

06/18/09 - Research shows how Cells tell Time
In a new study appearing online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Liu and his co-workers have found that this mold, which uses a protein called FRQ as the main gear of its clock, marks time by a sequence of changes in the protein's chemical structure. Dr. Liu said the new finding might someday help researchers develop treatments for human sleep disorders and other problems associated with a faulty biological clock. "This timekeeping protein is really the core component of the circadian clock," said Dr. Liu, professor of physiology at UT Southwestern and senior author of the study. Despite the evolutionary distance from mold to man, mechanisms controlling their circadian clocks are very similar. In both, circadian rhythms control many biological processes, including cell division, hormonal release, sleep/wake cycles, body temperature and brain activity. The researchers employed a fungus called Neurospora, an organism frequently used in studies on genetics and cell processes, especially circadian rhythms. It reproduces in the dark and rests in the light. In addition, the researchers created a series of mutations in many of the phosphate docking sites, creating strains of mold that had abnormally short or long daily clocks. - Source

06/18/09 - Student Builds Bolt-Action, Portable Coil Gun in Woodshop w/video
KeelyNet In addition to learning about woodworking in woodshop, you can also start on side projects, such as this high-powered coil gun, which is a portable, bolt-action single stage model with a 6-round mag. A coil gun basically works by using electromagnetic coils, in a linear electric motor configuration, to accelerate magnetic projectiles. Continue reading to see it in-action -- video courtesy of Jacksone. - Source

06/18/09 - Pre-Flood atmospheric conditions
Director of the Creation Evidence Museum in Glen Rose, Texas, Dr. Carl Baugh has invented and patented a 'Hyperbaric Biosphere' chamber to test Biblical claims regarding pre-flood atmosphere and magnetic conditions based on Genesis. Genesis states that life on earth was created 'perfect' and designed to live forever. It also states that after the fall of man, all elements of which everything is made, were cursed. Genesis then records the gradual degeneration of the whole of creation until the flood of Noah followed by an increasing rate of degeneration as time progressed. If the dates and years reported use the same standards we do in modern times, then there is an overlapping of pre-flood humans with that of post-flood survivors where the pre-flood humans lived many more years. The average age of man prior to the flood was approximately 920 years, after the flood, mans lifespan declined by 250 years until the time of Christ when lifespans averaged 70 years. Tests indicate simulation of a pre-flood environment would produce conditions of increased longevity, cellular growth and a change in molecular structures. - Source and my article from 2001 - Dr. Baugh & the Pre-Flood Environment

06/18/09 - Trashing Space and the Kessler Syndrome
KeelyNet The Kessler Syndrome is a scenario, proposed by NASA scientist Donald J. Kessler in a 1978 publication, where the volume of space debris in Low Earth orbit is so high that objects in orbit are frequently struck by debris, creating even more debris and a greater risk of further impacts. The implication of this scenario is that the escalating amount of debris in orbit could eventually render space exploration, and even the use of satellites, unfeasible for many generations. The Kessler Syndrome is especially insidious because of the "domino effect" and "feedback runaway". Any impact between two objects of sizable mass spalls off shrapnel debris from the force of collision. Each piece of shrapnel now has the potential to cause further damage, creating even more space debris. With a large enough collision (such as one between a space station and a defunct satellite), the amount of cascading debris could be enough to render Low Earth Orbit essentially impassable. The Kessler Syndrome presents a unique problem to human space travel. Space debris are very difficult to deal with directly, as the small size and high velocities of most debris would make retrieval and disposal impractically difficult. Given thousands of years, most debris in Low Earth Orbit would eventually succumb to air resistance in the rarefied atmosphere and plunge to the Earth. - Source

06/18/09 - GPS Satellite Glitches Fuel Concern on Next Generation
Technical problems are degrading the accuracy of signals from the last GPS satellite launched by the Pentagon, sparking concerns among U.S. military and aerospace industry officials that the next generation of the widely used satellites could face similar troubles. The GPS system, which serves both military and civilian users, provides precise time and location coordinates for everything from military missile launches and "smart" bombs to automated bank-teller machines to aircraft, ships and everyday vehicles. The Lockheed satellite is the first to include a new civilian frequency -- dubbed L5 -- designed for, among other things, use by future nationwide air-traffic control systems. But that signal, part of test package, apparently is interfering with other signals from the satellite and reducing their accuracy, according to industry and Air Force officials. The degraded signals are accurate only to about 20 feet, versus about two feet for typical GPS signals, industry officials said. The issue is significant, according to these officials, because it could complicate deployment of a new family of Boeing Co. GPS satellites currently being built that also feature the L5 signal. Already years behind schedule and hundreds of millions of dollars over budget, the 12 satellites, which are scheduled to replace satellites currently in orbit, could face further testing and delays to ensure that they are free of interference problems. The Boeing satellites have a history of quality-control and manufacturing problems unrelated to the latest concerns. - Source

06/14/09 - Open Source Car — 20 Year Lease, Free Fuel For Life
KeelyNet "The race for a hyper-fuel-efficient car is on in a big way. Now, Riversimple has tried to leverage the knowledge of the masses to bring its vision to reality soon with a car that gives the equivalent of 300 miles to the gallon. 'The idea to build an open source car isn't a new one, but you've got to give vehicle design company Riversimple credit for originality. The company plans to unveil its first car in London later this month, a small two-seater that weighs roughly 700 pounds. If you agree to lease one for 20 years (yes, 20), Riversimple will throw in the cost of fuel for the lifetime of the lease...The team decided to release the car's designs under an open source license in order to speed up the time it takes to develop the vehicle while also driving down the cost of its components.'" - Source

06/14/09 - The Venus Project
Human behavior is subject to the same laws as any other natural phenomenon. Our customs, behaviors, and values are byproducts of our culture. No one is born with greed, prejudice, bigotry, patriotism and hatred; these are all learned behavior patterns. If the environment is unaltered, similar behavior will reoccur. Today, much of the technology needed to bring about a global Resource-Based Economy exists. If we choose to conform to the limitations of our present monetary-based economy, then it is likely that we will continue to live with its inevitable results: war, poverty, hunger, deprivation, crime, ignorance, stress, fear, and inequity. On the other hand, if we embrace the concept of a global Resource Based Economy , learn more about it, and share our understanding with our friends, this will help humanity evolve out of its present state. The only limitations are those we impose upon ourselves. The Venus Project is neither utopian nor Orwellian, nor does it reflect the dreams of impractical idealists. Instead, it presents attainable goals requiring only the intelligent application of what we already know....much more at the link, please read.) - (Thanks to smywolf for the link! - JWD) - Source

06/14/09 - Rotating vortex dipoles in ferromagnets (PDF)
Vortices are created due to competition between exchange and magnetostatic (or anisotropy) interactions.

• A vortex dipole is spontaneously created in dynamical experiments of vortex switching.
• Vortex and antivortex with opposite polarities form a rotating vortex dipole.
• Its energy is monotonically decreasing as the dipole size becomes smaller. There is no energy barrier to overcome as the dipole annihilates and the topological (Skyrmion) number of the configuration changes!
• This leads to vortex polarity switching when the vortex dipole annihilates.
• A Bloch Point is created in a film when a vortex dipole is annihilated. No energy barrier has to be overcome.
(Thanks to Esa Ruoho for the link! - JWD) - Source

06/14/09 - Cooling with Desiccants
KeelyNet Desiccant Cooling Technology: NovelAire 30 - Evaporative cooling technology has taken tremendous strides in the last several years with the introduction of indirect evaporative coolers (IECs) that do not add moisture to the process air stream. The NovelAire 30 patented process is a highly efficient desiccant cooling system utilizing state of the art IEC technology. The unit is designed to provide desiccant cooling with humidity control. The unit provides 30% fresh make up air at all times for improved indoor air quality. - Source

06/14/09 - Predictive Powers: A Robot That Reads Your Intention?
You cannot make human-robot interaction more natural unless you understand what ‘natural’ actually means. But few studies have investigated the cognitive mechanisms that are the basis of joint activity (i.e. where two people are working together to achieve a common goal). A major element of the JAST project, therefore, was to conduct studies of human-human collaboration. These experiments and observations could feed into the development of more natural robotic behaviour. The researchers participating in JAST are at the forefront of their discipline and have made some significant discoveries about the cognitive processes involved in joint action and decision-making. Most importantly, they scrutinised the ways in which observation plays an important part in joint activity. Scientists have already shown that a set of ‘mirror neurons’ are activated when people observe an activity. These neurons resonate as if they were mimicking the activity; the brain learns about an activity by effectively copying what is going on. In the JAST project, a similar resonance was discovered during joint tasks: people observe their partners and the brain copies their action to try and make sense of it. In other words, the brain processes the observed actions (and errors, it turns out) as if it is doing them itself. The brain mirrors what the other person is doing either for motor-simulation purposes or to select the most adequate complementary action. - Source

06/14/09 - Why we still love Star Trek
KeelyNet Why, 43 years after it first aired, does Star Trek still hold us in such thrall? I think that a large part of the fascination can be traced to our many current crises, both fiscal and environmental. Of all science-fiction drama in the past half-century, Star Trek was based on a hopeful view of the future - one where the "infinite possibilities of existence", as the character Q said in The Next Generation series, could be exploited for the benefit of humankind and aliens alike. A future where science and reason would prevail over superstition, religious fundamentalism and petty myopic rivalries, and where technology could be developed to address almost any challenge. Many aspects of this vision were and still are unrealistic. Nevertheless, it has obvious appeal in times of uncertainty. The current generation faces for the first time problems that are truly global in nature: climate change, dwindling oil and rising population, to name just a few. There are hopeful signs that we are moving closer to a society based on reason, as in Star Trek. - Source

06/14/09 - Key To Early Cancer Diagnosis Discovered By Bioengineering Student
Krishnan focused his study on the DNA that roams cell-free in the blood as cancers develop, trying to figure out how to separate out the nanoparticles of DNA without degrading them. These nanoparticles are between 5 and 50 nanometers in size, smaller than the wavelength of light. As Krishnan’s professor, Michael Heller, noted: “It’s very difficult to find [cell-free DNA] in blood. The analogy of needle in the haystack has been used, but I’d say it’s more like looking for a needle on the whole farm.” Actually, it was harder than that, because Krishnan was bucking a process — using electric field techniques — that other researchers in the field had “proven” would not work. Krishnan was able to find the right circumstances under which the DNA could be isolated in tact with electric field technology, and he demonstrated it! Even Professor Heller was dubious about the discovery and spent six months, along with Krishnan, trying to figure out why no one else had discovered it. Then, finally convinced, Heller, Krishnan, and fellow grad students David Charlot and Roy Lefkowitz filed the patent applications, and founded a company, Biological Dynamics, to move their diagnostic technology into clinics. Their product is a cost-effective blood test that takes less than 30 minutes and detects almost every cancer type. Their business plans call for developing two products: a blood analyzing system which will be priced at approximately $20,000 and disposable electrode cartridges to do the tests, priced at about $20. - Source

06/14/09 - Gray Hair Signals DNA Has Been Damaged
KeelyNet If you’ve ever blamed your gray hair on stress, you weren’t far from the truth. Genotoxic stress–the kind that can damage a cell’s DNA–causes hair to whiten over time, according to a new study. A strand grows for several years, then rests for 2 to 3 months before eventually dying and falling out. In 2004, Emi Nishimura, a dermatologist now with the Tokyo Medical and Dental University in Japan, linked this process to the hair follicle’s melanocyte stem cells. As a new hair grows, some melanocyte stem cells become melanocytes, which give the strand its color, while others remain stem cells and store pigment for the next generation of hair. The stem cells continually renew themselves and should theoretically last a lifetime. But over time, the stem cells go missing from hair follicles, leaving people with unpigmented, white hair. How the cells go AWOL remained a mystery. Nishimura suspected that genotoxic stressors, such as radiation or harsh chemicals, might play a role in the stem cells’ fate, because they’ve been implicated in other signs of aging. She and colleagues at Japan’s Kanazawa University tested the idea in mice, which also gray with age. - Source

06/14/09 - Repurpose Empty Bleach Bottles as Dumbbells
Earlier this week we suggested you could save money with no-equipment exercises, but that's not the only way to workout without burning a hole through your pocketbook. Common household items such as empty bleach bottles can also do the trick. - Source

06/14/09 - Set Up a High Speed Photography Studio in Your Garage
KeelyNet Many a photography enthusiast has assumed the equipment necessary is far too expensive for quality high speed photography captures. A high speed capture studio on the cheap can be had with this handy guide. There are a few challenges to capturing rapidly occurring events. Whether you're trying to freeze a bullet passing through a piece of fruit, a pin popping a balloon, or a light bulb shattering, you need to be able to capture an event occurring within a thousandth of a second or less. Actual high speed photography rigs are quite pricey, but you can easily emulate more expensive rigs with a standard DSLR by a little creative cheating. To work around the problems with shutter lag and flash synchronization, the exposure is done in a completely dark room. This way the shutter can opened without actually getting an exposure. The exposure time set on the camera just has to be long enough for the action to happen while the shutter is still open. Because the room is dark, the long exposure time will not have any effect on the final output (this is because no light enters the lens to hit the sensor / film) To actually get an "exposure", a flash is fired. The flash light duration will now become the actual exposure time. - Source

06/14/09 - First Floating Wind Turbine Buoyed Off Norway
"The turbine in Norway will be 7.4 miles offshore where the water is 721 feet deep. It will be utility-size turbine, with a hub height of about 100 feet, capable of generating 2.3 megawatts of electricity. To address the conditions of the deep sea, the turbine will have a specially designed control system that will seek to dampen the motion from waves." / If successful, the project could open up offshore wind to countries that don't have relatively shallow waters of 100 feet to 165 feet off their coasts. The Hywind is suitable for depths of about 400 feet to more than 2,200 feet. - Source

06/14/09 - Redneck Fire Alarm (thanks Jerry Draughon)

KeelyNet

06/14/09 - Blimps Monitor Crowds At Sporting Events
Defense contractor Raytheon is adapting military-style surveillance packages for use aboard blimps at public events like the Indy 500. "Until recently, Raytheon's eye-in-the-sky technology was used in Afghanistan and Iraq to guard American military bases, working as airborne guards against any oncoming desert threat. Using infrared sensors and a map overlay not unlike Google Earth, the technology scans a large area, setting important landmarks (say, the perimeter of a military base), and constantly relays video clips back to a command center. If a gun fires or a bomb is detonated, the airships can detect the noise and focus the camera — all from a mighty-high 500 feet." Though the technology is expensive, Raytheon is shopping it around to police departments and other organizations that might want to keep an eye on large gatherings of people. - Source

06/14/09 - Comfort Wipe: Extension Arm to Wipe Your Behind
If you consider that the modern toilet paper was first introduced in 1857, the whole butt wipe thing is waaay due for a major advance. Ancient Romans used to wipe their butts after going to the bathroom with a sponge on a stick (which they put in a bucket of saltwater after they’re done for reuse - Eew!) - so, in a nod to history, here’s Comfort Wipe: a stick that lets you wipe your behind without ever coming close to touching it with your bare hands. Now, before you recoil in horror, consider that this invention is actually quite useful for people with limited range of motion due to disability…. (Why not a Bidet? - JWD) - Source

How a Bidet works...

Modify your Toilet to Add a Bidet...$75 Source

06/14/09 - Cash For Clunkers Bill: House Passes, We Analyze
The Community Assistance to Recycle and Save Act (CARS Act), more commonly known as the Cash for Clunkers bill, passed the U.S. House of Representatives moments ago by a vote of 298-to-119. So how's it work? The concept behind "cash for clunkers" as practiced by both the House and Senate versions of the bill, as well as successfully in other countries, is to create demand for new cars and raise fuel efficiency standards by encouraging consumers to trade in their gas guzzling "clunkers" for more efficient vehicles and, as an incentive, to give them cash. The compromise House version of the CARS Act (HR 2751) proposes $3,500 or $4,500 vouchers for consumers interested in trading up to a more efficient vehicle. Once the program is enacted you'll have approximately one year to make the move. The hope is the Act will increase new vehicle sales by one million units in the first year at a time when the market is expected to experience sales of less than 10 million. The bill still has to go to the Senate, where it's expected some tweaks will be made before a final bill goes to the President. / Trading Up - After receiving questions about this from commenters, we contacted the sponsoring Congresswoman's staff and they assured us you can trade up from a truck or SUV to a passenger car (or smaller truck) assuming the new vehicles meets the minimum requirements (18 MPG or better, under $45,000) and is more efficient than the trade-in. / No Cheating - Those wishing to buy an older junked car for $200 and trade it in for $4,500 towards a new car are going to be dissapointed. The bill requires you to own and operate the car for more than a year before trading it in and it has to be in drivable condition, meaning the clunker can't be overly clunky. / No Old Cars - Many car enthusiasts fearful someone will trade in a rare classic will applaud the section limiting the cars to those produced in model year 1985 or after. Of course, this wasn't done for the sake of car fans. They can't easily determine the combined fuel economy of vehicles before the date because the EPA didn't track this data. / To The Crusher! - The law is very explicit on this point: the car has to be crushed. No salvaging it. No retitling it. No shipping it off to another country. The car has to be crushed and the title has to be transferred. Anyone trying to pass the voucher off and then resell the car could be penalized $15,000 per violation. However, you can strip and sell any part of the car that isn't the engine block. - Source

06/14/09 - CCTV Busting Infra-Red Headset Makes You Invisible
KeelyNet A German art project could help the British avoid the oppressive proliferation of surveillance cameras in their country. The I-R.A.S.C is simple, consisting of a circle of infra-red 780nm LEDs mounted on a headband. The infra red is invisible to The Man, but will cause CCTV cameras to flare out over the face of the wearer, obscuring his identity and making this the digital equivalent of a hooded sweatshirt. This is not a production unit, but given that you’d only need a hat, a battery and a few LEDs, you could easily knock one up in the garage. / (Thanks to Infolink for the url. - JWD) - Source

06/14/09 - Jobs "saved"? Great, but let's see the math.
Apparently, someone in the administration knows how to keep track of the number of jobs that would have been lost if the this administration's policies hadn't been in effect. Gee, I think that's just great... but I'd like to see the math, please. Social scientists would call it "quantifying the counterfactual" -- an oxymoron. Regular people just call it "making up data for political posturing" -- a tactic that fools only morons. Here's an excerpt from the Wall Street Journal's article, The Media Fall for Phony 'Jobs' Claims: ..the inability to measure Mr. Obama's jobs formula is part of its attraction. Never mind that no one -- not the Labor Department, not the Treasury, not the Bureau of Labor Statistics -- actually measures "jobs saved." As the New York Times delicately reports, Mr. Obama's jobs claims are "based on macroeconomic estimates, not an actual counting of jobs." Nice work if you can get away with it. - Source

06/14/09 - On menus, dollar signs matter
For restaurant owners seeking to boost business, a push for better food, better service and better ambience is often the way to go. But a study from The Center for Hospitality Research at Cornell University suggests there might be a simpler way: change how prices appear on a menu. The study, published last month, found customers on average spent 8 percent more when prices were in numerals with no dollar sign (20.) than in a dollars and cents format with a sign ($20.00) or spelled out (twenty dollars). - Source

06/14/09 - $2.5B spent, no alternative med cures
Ten years ago the government set out to test herbal and other alternative health remedies to find the ones that work. After spending $2.5 billion, the disappointing answer seems to be that almost none of them do. - Source

06/14/09 - Drilling might be culprit behind Texas earthquakes
The earth moved here on June 2. It was the first recorded earthquake in this Texas town's 140-year history - but not the last. There have been four small earthquakes since, none with a magnitude greater than 2.8. The most recent ones came Tuesday night, just as the City Council was meeting in an emergency session to discuss what to do about the ground moving. "I think John Q. Public thinks there is a correlation with drilling," Mayor Ted Reynolds said. "We haven't had a quake in recorded history, and all the sudden you drill and there are earthquakes." At issue is a drilling practice called "fracking," in which water is injected into the ground at high pressure to fracture the layers of shale and release natural gas trapped in the rock. There is no consensus among scientists about whether the practice is contributing to the quakes. But such seismic activity was once rare in Texas and seems to be increasing lately, lending support to the theory that drilling is having a destabilizing effect. On May 16, three small quakes shook Bedford, a suburb of Dallas and Fort Worth. Two small earthquakes hit nearby Grand Prairie and Irving on Oct. 31, and again on Nov. 1. The towns sit upon the Barnett Shale, a geologic formation that is perhaps the nation's richest natural gas field. The area is estimated to have 30 trillion cubic feet of recoverable gas and provides about 7 percent of the country's supply. The drilling's economic impact has been significant, because gas companies pay signing bonuses and royalties to property owners for the right to drill beneath their land. Signing bonuses climbed to around $25,000 an acre at the boom's peak. - Source

06/14/09 - Are Composite Airplane Fuselages more dangerous than Metal?
KeelyNet Did Air France Flight 447 break up midair? A Brazilian newspaper cites unnamed investigators who say an examination of some of the retrieved bodies, which were found as far as 85 miles apart, indicates that the plane may have broken apart before it fell into the Atlantic Ocean on June 1. The aviation industry is currently in the midst of an historic shift in aircraft construction, from generations of using titanium and aluminum to using lighter high-tech composites – complex materials made of intricately woven fibers baked with resins. These materials are believed to be as stronger if not stronger than traditional metals. While the A330-200 has a traditional metal fuselage, it uses more composites in components such as the wing and tail structures than older planes do. Boeing is building the first major commercial plane, the Boeing 787, with a fuselage made completely of composite materials. "There is a very compelling need to find the wreckage," says Richard Healing, a former member of the National Transportation Safety Board and an aviation safety consultant. "We need to know, if some of the composite parts failed [on Flight 447, whether they failed at a point that any other material would have failed." - Source

06/14/09 - As Wind Power Grows, a Push to Tear Down Dams
Environmental groups contend that the Bonneville Power Administration’s shift to wind turbines buttresses their case for tearing down dams in the agency’s territory, particularly four along the lower Snake River in Washington State that helped decimate one of North America’s great runs of wild salmon. Bonneville wants to keep all the dams, arguing that they not only provide cheap power but they also make an ideal complement to large-scale installation of wind power. When the wind slows and power production drops, the agency argues, it can compensate quickly by telling the Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation, which operate the dams, to release more water from reservoirs to turn the huge generators. When the wind picks up, dam operations can be slowed. The dams help alleviate a need for natural-gas-fired power plants, which are used in other regions as a backup power source when the wind stops blowing, but which release carbon dioxide that contributes to global warming. By balancing wind power with hydropower, the Bonneville Power Administration says it believes it can limit the use of natural gas and coal plants across the West, even as the region’s demand for electricity rises. Around the country, dams provide 6 percent of electricity generation — double the amount from other renewable sources like wind, solar power and biomass — and much of that is concentrated in the West. - Source

06/14/09 - '‘Lovelight’ improves impotence'
KeelyNet A high-powered 'lovelight' has been shown to improve men's sexual performance. Bursts of the 10,000 lux fluorescent light were found to cure sexual problems – including impotence – in three out of five men. For the study, a group of men suffering from sexual disorders, such as lack of desire, impotence and an inability to reach orgasm, were exposed to the light for half an hour every morning for two weeks. After the therapy, three out of five were cured, compared with none in a second group exposed to a dim light. Stimulation of the brain's pineal gland, believed to have a role in sexual function, could be the reason, said Dr Bossini, of Italy's Siena University. - Source

06/14/09 - Poop power to save cash, fuel vehicles
Hamilton is set to become the first Canadian municipality to produce biofuel from human waste, thanks to a $30-million infrastructure grant. "We can solve environmental problems and make money at the same time," said Jim Harnum, senior director of water and waste water. "Hamilton is being a leader." The technology, used in several European countries for decades, will allow the city to harvest methane gas from sludge instead of wasting the valuable resource. The biofuel will be used to supply 110 water and waste water vehicles. Retrofitting each vehicle will cost about $6,000, but Harnum expects $1 million in annual fuel savings will pay back the expense quickly. - Source

06/14/09 - Geet Inventor Paul Pantone is out of the Hospital
KeelyNet Paul's most famous invention, so far is called the GEET (Global Environmental Energy Technology) Fuel Processor. GEET is an immediate solution for pollution and energy challenges..., but at this time GEET is used far under capacity, by only a small percentage of mankind. Paul Pantone is one of the first inventors to openly share the knowledge to build and operate his invention. Every person on the planet can use the free GEET plans to retrofit their own engine. The conditions are that each person may retrofit one engine, for personal experimental use, and the engine must be 20 hp or less. The free plans are over a decade old, and the principals of GEET can now be expressed in a more concise way. Paul is now directing his focus toward providing technical clarity of GEET's function. In order for Paul to be able to lead the clean-energy movement into the future, he needs our support. Each of us have a unique way we could involve ourselves best. If you have questions, suggestions, requests or any other idea's please email me at david@geet.nl . I will respond, and even if I cannot provide an answer for you immediately, I will make sure that you are given a solid answer as soon as it is possible. GEET Classes and updated literature will be made availible as soon as possibe. Your support is needed in the mean time in order to make it happen. The goal is to make GEET, working to full capacity, benefiting all people, and stopping the damaging of our planet. The first step is to equip Paul with a Labratory. Most of the equipment is already available, and must only be transported to a location for Paul to use. For this, and for medical repairs, Donations are still very helpful and essential for everything to go smoothly. Paul is now available for radio shows. If you would like to have Paul as a guest please email me. - (Thanks to David Pantone and Robert Boerman for the headsup. - JWD) - Source

06/14/09 - Irrigation system can grow crops with salt water
The dRHS irrigation system consists of a network of sub-surface pipes, which can be filled with almost any water, whether pure, brackish, salted or polluted. The system can even take most industrial waste-water and use it without the need for a purification process. The pipes are made from a plastic that retains virtually all contaminants while letting clean water through to the plants' roots. It was designed by Mark Tonkin of Design Technology and Irrigation, which is based in Brighton. He says that once the pipes have been laid, the system will require little maintenance and therefore no significant costs. This is partly because it's fed by gravity from an elevated supply tank, and partly because water diffuses through the porous pipe walls, so there are no holes to get blocked up. The farmer will occasionally have to flush the pipes to clean out salt crystals and dirt, but Tonkin says this is a simple process. - Source

06/10/09 - Uhauls as the solution to 'World Hunger'
No one, NO ONE has pinpointed the problem with 'World Hunger' better than the late, great Sam Kinison! - Source

06/10/09 - 15 Year Old Invents Complete Algae Energy System
15 year old Javier Fernández-Han's system is made up of 12 technologies in six subsystems, which can treat waste, produce methane and bio-fuel, and is a source of livestock and human food production. If that isn’t enough, it also produces oxygen and sequesters greenhouse gases, and can also be a source of income. The basis of Javier’s system is salt-water loving algae, and the beauty of VERSATILE is the interconnectedness. The efficiency comes in part from the ability to take waste from one part and use it for nourishment for another, and the modular nature of VERSATILE allows customization to meet individual needs. Javier says that the system can be scaled up to provide for populations of 200,000 or more people, or scaled down for small populations. He is currently working to develop a family-sized system that could fit in a small house, with a cost estimated at $300. - Source

06/10/09 - Ad Firm Behind "Clean Coal" Marketing Plan Releases Brag Sheet
KeelyNet "Clean coal" is not an actual invention, a physical thing – it is an advertising slogan. Like "fat-free donuts" or "interest-free loans." In other words, the idea that coal somehow fits the definition of "clean" is nothing more than an illusion created by ad firms and public relations spindoctors. The truth of the matter is that coal remains the dirtiest fossil fuel in America, pumping all sorts of nasty by-products into our air, like Mercury and heat-trapping greenhouse gases that are the main culprit when it comes to climate change. Earlier this year we reported that the public relations firm behind the coal industry's multi-million dollar marketing blitz to put a clean shiny new face on coal was boasting their ability to manipulate the opinions of both Democratic and Republican politicians. Now the advertising firm behind the heavily-aired "America's Power" campaign, R & R Partners - Advertising, has come out with its own brag-sheet detailing the ad work it did for the coal industry's main front group the, "American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity" (ACCCE). - Source

06/10/09 - The race for clean-energy innovation
It is about the race for trillions of dollars in clean-energy investments. As President Obama says, "the nation that leads in 21st-century clean energy is the nation that will lead the 21st-century global economy." And if we win the race, it could bring 150,000 new jobs and billions of dollars to Massachusetts. American companies would get an edge with passage of the Waxman-Markey bill, the most sweeping energy legislation Congress has considered in a generation. The plan would end America's dangerous dependence on foreign oil, increase the amount of clean energy we produce, make our buildings, homes, cars, and trucks more efficient, and cut the harmful carbon pollution causing global warming. The bill requires that 20 percent of our electricity in 2020 come from clean-energy sources like solar or wind, or from energy efficiency. It establishes "clean-energy innovation hubs" around the country to help researchers and inventors move their ideas from the lab to the market. It also reduces carbon emissions from major US sources 83 percent by 2050 compared with 2005 levels, and saves consumers money at the pump by investing $20 billion to retool America's auto manufacturers to produce electric cars that don't use any gasoline. The Waxman-Markey bill would invest more than $190 billion in clean-energy technologies that will go to the companies, research institutions, and entrepreneurs smart enough, agile enough, and innovative enough to devise the next great clean-energy technology. The American economy and the American dream have succeeded because we refuse to be shackled to old technologies and business as usual, but instead always look for the newest idea or opportunity. - Source

06/10/09 - Air Motorcycle - Harness elements to juice gadgets
U.S. inventor Jem Stansfield has built what he claims is the world's first motorcycle powered by fresh air. Created for a National Geographic channel documentary, Planet Mechanics, Stansfield outfitted his Puch with high-pressure carbon fibre air cylinders -- typically used by fire fighters as breathing apparatus in smoke-filled buildings -- to power two rotary air engines, which in turn drive the chain to the rear wheel. The University of Bristol aeronautics graduate says unlike electric scooters, his invention takes just seconds to recharge from large air tanks. The downside, however, is the motorcycle's top speed -- it maxes out at just over 28 kilometres per hour. - Source

06/10/09 - The key to green growth is nuclear
KeelyNet Nuclear energy has been the foundation for the continuous development of our industry and economy and will now play the leading role as the energy source for green development. Nuclear power is often compared to a rose. It is a clean energy without greenhouse gas, but it produces waste in the process of use. Technology continuously makes developments and advancements. It is this technology that changes the negative aspects to the positive. High-level radioactive waste is no longer treated as waste that needs to be disposed of. Technologies that can extract useful resources remaining in nuclear fuel after use in a way that does not violate the nuclear non-proliferation regime, reuse them as fuel, and minimize the amount of waste and toxicity, are being developed. - Source

06/10/09 - A cleaning revolution
"We're in the middle of trying to transform the company from being a floor-cleaning company to being an environmental cleaning solutions company," said Chris Killingstad, Tennant's chief executive. He didn't offer estimates but said chemical-free cleaning products will help Tennant become a much larger company. "What we have discovered is a way to electrically convert plain tap water to perform like a powerful detergent," said Killingstad, who joined the company in 2002. "You can imagine when we went out there with this people looked at it and said, 'It can't be true,'" Killingstad said. But Tennant introduced the new cleaning technology in commercial scrubber machines in May 2008 and gave some of its major customers machines to test the process. - Source

06/10/09 - Inventor's 'Penta Power' turbine garners big interest
KeelyNet Some five years ago, Moore had an idea for an efficient turbine, one that when placed in wind, water or steam could spin a pair of alternators and generate electricity. To ascertain if his vision had any merit he quickly built himself a very simple prototype. He searched and found some empty toilet paper rolls. He cut these in half lengthwise. An Orville Redenbacher popcorn box was sacrificed, and two circles were cut out of the cardboard. Moore arranged the toilet paper roll halves just as he had envisioned between the cardboard circles (the inside rolls face out, and these are surrounded by the outer rolls, which face in and cover the gaps), and put a straw through the middle to act as a simple shaft. "I blew on the split paper rolls, and it turned,"Moore says. Then, Moore was in his garage cutting Coca-Cola cans in half lengthwise, and affixing them to plastic ice-cream bucket lids. This time, he used the round handle borrowed from a fireplace tool as a shaft. Again, he blew, and the apparatus turned. He kept going, now cutting plastic tubing and acrylic sheets. This heavier version required a bit of a blast from an electric hair dryer, but the concept was proved. Currently, the turbine is mounted on the frame with two fixed closed bearings so it will spin when demonstrated. But ultimately Moore sees these bearings being a pair of very high-efficient, low resistance generators at either end of the turbine. Moore is now in talks with Vancouver firm Exro Technologies, themselves working toward a breakthrough in generator technology. They are purported to be the first company to build a Variable Input Electric Generator, or VIEG --they pronounce it "veej." Traditional generators have a difficult time "generating" electricity when the "fuel," be it wind or water, is not at a constant speed. And, Moore needs his generators to be flexible. With the Exro generators at either end of his turbine, when it spins, it should easily generate electricity. And unlike other turbines, it will do it without the use of gears, belts or pulleys. Moore says his "Penta Power" turbine, as he has dubbed it, could have applications in a variety of environments, not the least of which is the automotive world. He sees the Penta Power turbine mounted on an automobile, either under the vehicle, in front under the hood, on top, or by the wheels. As the car moves, the passing air would turn the turbine, and Moore says the electricity could be captured and stored in onboard batteries. "(That power) can be sold back to the grid through future battery depots," Moore says. - Source

06/10/09 - Deja Vu: The Instant Camera
KeelyNet Since the advent of the digital camera, the Polaroid has become a relic technology. Now that there's no reason to go to a photo developer (if you even have any idea what that is), and you can view your photos on an LCD and upload them onto your computer for printing, editing and sharing, being able to instantly print your photo really isn't that necessary. It's much more fun to see your girlfriend's naughty home pictures on your laptop, make hilarious edits and then send them out to a few thousand friends when the relationship goes south. Doing that with a Polaroid is much too much work. Well, in case you missed the Polaroid, it's back, in digital version. The Polaroid PoGo has brought back the instant, camera-based picture printer. Now you have the option of printing that picture out in addition to viewing it on the screen and sending it to computer. Press the print button and you'll get a 2 x 3 in 60 seconds "snap to share", printed on Zink (Zero Ink) paper. No shaking necessary. The pictures are smudge-proof, water-resistant and fade-resistant so you'll get a quality keepsake. You can find the camera for around $200 at Amazon and the paper will run around $13 for a 30 pack. - Source

06/10/09 - Over 60% of U.S. Bankruptcies From Medical Bills
An article in the latest issue of The American Journal of Medicine makes chilling reading, and presents compelling evidence that the US health care system is broken. In 2007, before the current economic downturn even began, an American family filed for bankruptcy in the aftermath of illness every 90 seconds; three-quarters of them were insured. Over 60% of all bankruptcies in the United States in 2007 were driven by medical incidents. Summarising the results of the first-ever national U.S. random-sample survey of bankruptcy filers, the article shows the share of bankruptcies attributable to medical problems rose by 50% between 2001 and 2007. Medical bankruptcy is a unique American phenomenon, which does not occur in countries that have national health insurance… - Source

06/10/09 - The Coming Slave Machines (?)
KeelyNet Cutting edge technology will soon make it possible to control the populace at the neurological level, giving the ultimate power to leftist tyrants. Consider this research into using ultrasound to remotely affect human brains. Improvement in sonic lenses and the use of pulsed sonic waves opens the door to tampering with previously mapped portions of the brain. These sound waves can excite or inhibit certain brain functions, meaning that it should be possible to develop a neural remote control, possibly with a receiver on a person`s forehead. Now, the mind and the brain are different things, and control of a person`s thoughts seems unlikely, but control of the ancient, mammalian portions of the brain-those portions controlling motor functions and emotions-may be entirely possible. This is scary stuff. Here is another disturbing development; neuro-scientists have mapped out the areas associated with social relationships. Apparently, these lie in the left and right inferior temporal lobes, orbitofrontal cortex and ventral striatum, and the left putamen and pallidum, as well as lower gray matter in the left and right cerebellum. - Source

06/10/09 - Nokia Energy Harvesting Cell Phone That Never Needs Recharging
A cell phone that never needs recharging might sound too good to be true, but Nokia says it’s developing technology that could draw enough power from ambient radio waves to keep a cell-phone handset topped up. Ambient electromagnetic radiation–emitted from Wi-Fi transmitters, cell-phone antennas, TV masts, and other sources–could be converted into enough electrical current to keep a battery topped up, says Markku Rouvala, a researcher from the Nokia Research Centre, in Cambridge, U.K. Rouvala says that his group is working towards a prototype that could harvest up to 50 milliwatts of power–enough to slowly recharge a phone that is switched off. He says current prototypes can harvest 3 to 5 milliwatts. The Nokia device will work on the same principles as a crystal radio set or radio frequency identification (RFID) tag: by converting electromagnetic waves into an electrical signal. This requires two passive circuits. “Even if you are only getting microwatts, you can still harvest energy, provided your circuit is not using more power than it’s receiving,” Rouvala says. To increase the amount of power that can be harvested and the range at which it works, Nokia is focusing on harvesting many different frequencies. “It needs a wideband receiver,” says Rouvala, to capture signals from between 500 megahertz and 10 gigahertz–a range that encompasses many different radio communication signals. - Source

06/10/09 - Resurrecting Tesla's Mystery Car
KeelyNet (All from KeelyNet but not a word of credit...hmmm...but they can take the time to erase KeelyNet BBS from my original drawings. - JWD) As the story goes, he had the gasoline engine removed and replaced with a 80kW electric motor. He then installed a mysterious "black box" from which rods protruded. Wires connected the box to the motor, providing it with enough electric power to achieves speeds of over 90 mph. What was inside that box remains a mystery. It wasn't large enough to house the batteries of the time or a generator. It is presumed that it contained some type of circuitry that was able to tap into and dramatically amplify the energy that Tesla believed is all around us. The circuitry below shows two antennas that are believed to correspond to Tesla's two rods, one for energy input and the other for output. Between them are vacuum tubes and resistors that connect to the 80 hp AC induction motor, another Tesla invention. In essence, the earth is a huge battery that Tesla believed he could inductively (wirelessly) plug into with one antenna representing the positive electrode and the other the negative. - Source

06/10/09 - Quote Of The Day
Today's words of wisdom are from Newt Gingrich: "I am not a citizen of the world. I am a citizen of the United States because only in the United States does citizenship start with our creator... I think this is one of the most critical moments in American history. We are living in a period where we are surrounded by paganism." - Source

06/10/09 - Glow Doodle Makes Painting with Light Simple
KeelyNet Windows/Mac: Glow Doodle turns your webcam into an extended exposure camera, perfect for creating hand-drawn light streak art. / Paint with light... Paint with anything! Have you a got a webcam? You can try this out! It's like a long exposure photo, where you draw with streaks of light, but you see the results in real-time. Paint with your cellphone! Paint with your teeth! Paint your body with light! - Source

06/10/09 - Use a "Slash" to Find Work While Unemployed
Career writer Marci Alboher added a "slash" title (as in "writer/speaker/writing coach") to business cards and email signature, and saw new coaching work gradually roll in. She suggests other ways anyone looking for work can add their own "slash." - Source

06/10/09 - Frank Herbert's Moisture Traps May Be a Reality
KeelyNet "In the seminal science fiction book 'Dune,' Frank Herbert envisioned the Fremen collecting water from the air via moisture traps and dew collectors. Science Daily reprints a press release from the Fraunhofer Institute in Stuttgart, where scientists working with colleagues from Logos Innovationen have developed a closed-loop and self-sustaining method, no external power required, for teasing the humidity out of desert air and into potable water." / Logos Innovationen have found a way of converting this air humidity autonomously and decentrally into drinkable water. “The process we have developed is based exclusively on renewable energy sources such as thermal solar collectors and photovoltaic cells, which makes this method completely energy-autonomous. It will therefore function in regions where there is no electrical infrastructure,” says Siegfried Egner, head of department at the IGB. The principle of the process is as follows: hygroscopic brine – saline solution which absorbs moisture – runs down a tower-shaped unit and absorbs water from the air. It is then sucked into a tank a few meters off the ground in which a vacuum prevails. Energy from solar collectors heats up the brine, which is diluted by the water it has absorbed. Because of the vacuum, the boiling point of the liquid is lower than it would be under normal atmospheric pressure. This effect is known from the mountains: as the atmospheric pressure there is lower than in the valley, water boils at temperatures distinctly below 100 degrees Celsius. The evaporated, non-saline water is condensed and runs down through a completely filled tube in a controlled manner. The gravity of this water column continuously produces the vacuum and so a vacuum pump is not needed. The reconcentrated brine runs down the tower surface again to absorb moisture from the air. “The concept is suitable for various sizes of installation. Single-person units and plants supplying water to entire hotels are conceivable,” says Egner. - Source

06/10/09 - Automakers have faith hydrogen fuel-cell cars are zero-emission future
Canadian fuel-cell pioneer Ballard Power Systems Ltd., of Burnaby, B.C., has virtually given up on the automotive side, focusing instead on more prosaic applications such as industrial forklifts and stationary backup power generators. But the major automakers, including one-time Ballard partners Daimler-Benz and Ford, as well as embattled General Motors, are still sure hydrogen fuel cells represent the best long-term answer for reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Fuel cells combine hydrogen and air to produce electricity by running them through a chemical catalyst. The only byproducts are heat and water. Auto industry experts at this week's international conference on fuel cells in Vancouver said even if carbon-based sources such as natural gas or biomass are used to produce the hydrogen, fuel cells are more energy efficient and produce far less CO2 than hybrids or plug-in, battery-powered vehicles. But for now, fuel-cell vehicles represent part of a multi-faceted solution to reduce greenhouse gases and conserve petroleum resources, they said. Battery-electric vehicles seem the best choice now for short-distance city use, with plug-in hybrids that use small on-board engines to recharge their batteries better suited to longer distances. Conventional gasoline-and diesel-powered trucks will continue to be the mainstay in the commercial sector for some time. - Source

06/10/09 - Benefit spending soars to new high
The recession is driving the safety net of government benefits to a historic high, as one of every six dollars of Americans' income is now coming in the form of a federal or state check or voucher. Benefits, such as Social Security, food stamps, unemployment insurance and health care, accounted for 16.2% of personal income in the first quarter of 2009, the Bureau of Economic Analysis reports. That's the highest percentage since the government began compiling records in 1929. - Source

06/10/09 - Air travel may be no worse for the environment than rail
(Why not electric trains and planes??? - JWD) - When most people think about air pollution and carbon emissions, they usually just consider just what’s coming from a vehicle’s exhaust pipe. But a new study in the journal Environmental Research Letters compares the impact of different transportation modes by taking into account everything from the steel in train tracks to the tires on aircraft landing gear. A large aircraft emits about three times the greenhouse gases per passenger kilometer traveled than a train during operation. But if you consider the infrastructure that supports train and light rail travel, it effectively increases greenhouse gas emissions by a factor of 155 percent. A similar calculation for jets only increases the effective greenhouse gas emissions by 31 percent. The two modes of transport are basically neck-and-neck, but on the U.S. east coast, where fossil fuels provide electricity for rail travel, trains end up being bigger greenhouse gas emitters than planes. - Source

06/10/09 - How Not to Support Democracy in the Middle East
Imagine the positive reaction Obama would have received throughout the Arab and Islamic world if, instead of simply expressing eloquent but vague words in support of freedom and democracy, he had said something like this: "Let's fight to make sure our so-called allies in the Middle East, the Saudis and the Egyptians, stop oppressing their own people, and suppressing dissent, and tolerating corruption and inequality, and mismanaging their economies so that their youth grow up without education, without prospects, without hope, the ready recruits of terrorist cells." Could he have said such a thing? Yes. In fact, those were his exact words when, as an Illinois state senator, he gave a speech at a major anti-war rally in Chicago on October 2, 2002. - Source

06/10/09 - Exercise, Education Keep You Sharp in Old Age
If you want your mind to stay sharp when you're 90, here's what you'll need to do. Exercise moderately or vigorously at least once a week, live with someone, avoid smoking and continue to volunteer or work into your 70s or 80s. A new study shows that seniors with at least a high school education and a ninth-grade literacy level who followed such a lifestyle were more likely to stay mentally fit than those who didn't. Seniors who exercised moderately to vigorously at least once a week were 30 percent more likely to maintain their cognitive function than those who didn't exercise that often, according to the study. Those who had at least a high school education were nearly three times as likely to stay sharp as those who had less education, while older adults with a ninth-grade literacy level or higher were nearly five times as likely to avoid mental decline as those with lower literacy levels. - Source

06/10/09 - Got a Problem? Think About It Overnight
In a study from the medical school at the University of California, San Diego, researchers say that rapid eye movement (REM) sleep boosts creative problem solving, possibly by forming new associative networks in the brain. "We found that -- for creative problems that you've already been working on -- the passage of time is enough to find solutions," Sara Mednick, an assistant professor of psychiatry, said in a news release from the university. "However, for new problems, only REM sleep enhances creativity." The researchers are unsure why REM sleep increases problem-solving skills. One hypothesis is that changes to neurotransmitter systems during REM sleep help the brain make those new associations between unrelated ideas. - Source

06/10/09 - The Absolute BEST Song by Adam Lambert
The true talent of this guy just blows me away...how could he possibly have lost to that country boy with that horribly unstable voice? Same question goes to Britains Got Talent by naming that pathetic dance troup over Susan Boyle, incredible! - Source

06/10/09 - Opening Doors on the Way to a Personal Robot
Willow Garage, a Silicon Valley robotics research group, said that its experimental PR2 robot, which has wheels and can travel at speeds up to a mile and a quarter per hour, was able to open and pass through 10 doors and plug itself into 10 standard wall sockets in less than an hour. In a different test, the same robot completed a marathon in the company’s office, traveling 26.2 miles. PR2 will not compete with humans yet; it took more than four days. This is not a new hope, nor is it the first time that robots have tried to open doors, navigate rooms and recharge themselves. The Beast, a robot built at Johns Hopkins University in the mid-1960s, was able to locate standard wall sockets to refuel. And devices like the inexpensive iRobot Roomba vacuum cleaner can locate and dock with a specially designed charging station. But roboticists said that the Willow Garage robot was the first to integrate the ability to do a number of operations in a real-world environment. - Source

06/10/09 - Here Come the Neurobots
KeelyNet Neurobotics is an outgrowth of a growing realization that, when it comes to understanding the brain, neither computer simulations nor top-down robotic models are getting anywhere close. Instead of preprogramming behaviors, these robots have neuro-modulatory systems or value judgment systems — move towards something good, move away from something bad — that are modeled around the human’s dopaminergic system (for wanting or reward-based behaviors) and the noradrenergic system (for vigilance and surprise). When something salient occurs — in CARL-1’s case that’s usually bumping into a sensor in a maze — a signal is sent to its brain telling the bot to react to the event and remember the context for later. This is conditional learning and it mimics what occurs in real brains. - Source

06/10/09 - Top 20 websites every scientist (or engineer) ought to know
Scientists and engineers can spend hours toiling away in their laboratories. When they emerge for a break, there are a host of fascinating and informative websites to enrich their lives. You don’t need to be a scientist to enjoy any of these sites, just be anyone interested in science or engineering topics. Below is a list of 20 great websites that every scientist, engineering, or geek-at-heart ought to know about. Some may be familiar, but I hope the majority on this list are new to you... - Source

06/10/09 - When does society put these PSYCHOPATHS AWAY???
KeelyNet "The only way to fight a moral war is the Jewish way: Destroy their holy sites. Kill men, women and children (and cattle)," Friedman wrote in response to the question posed by Moment Magazine for its "Ask the Rabbis" feature. - For his part, Friedman was quick to modify the statement that he wrote in Moment. He told the Forward that the line about killing women and children should have been in quotes; he said it is a line from the Torah, though he declined to specify from which part. Friedman also said that he was not advocating for Israel to actually kill women and children. Instead, he said, he believed that Israel should publicly say that it is willing to do these things in order to scare Palestinians and prevent war. - Source

06/10/09 - Arnold Schwarzenegger to scrap school textbooks in favour of ebooks
Schwarzenegger, trying to plug a budget hole of $24.3bn (£15bn), thinks he can make savings by getting rid of what he decries as expensive textbooks. The governor is serious about an idea that might make Gutenberg turn in his grave. He appeared in class yesterday to push an idea he set out in the San Jose Mercury News newspaper. "It's nonsensical and expensive to look to traditional hard-bound books when information today is so readily available in electronic form," Schwarzenegger wrote. "Especially now, when our school districts are strapped for cash and our state budget deficit is forcing further cuts to classrooms, we must do everything we can to untie educators' hands and free up dollars so that schools can do more with fewer resources." Schwarzenegger points out that California last year set aside $350m for school books and argues that even if teachers have to print out some of the material, it will be far cheaper than regularly buying updated textbooks. Schwarzenegger plans to launch the scheme in August next year when California's high-school pupils will have access to online maths and science texts. They would also use a digital textbook such as Sony reader, which can hold the same information as up to 160 books. - Source

06/06/09 - Pure Plastic, who controls him?
Obamas need for a teleprompter for everything he says. - Source

06/06/09 - Fighting fire with a Danish invention
A Danish inventor has patented a toxin-free solution he claims can help control the sort of wildfires that have devastated Australia, Greece and California in recent years. The European Union has recently banned a number of fire retardants because they contain poisons but this new product is said to be completely organic. - Source

06/06/09 - Home-based generators could cut emissions by two-thirds
If every home that has a natural gas line were equipped with a small generator that ran on natural gas, emissions would tumble. Firstly, because CH4 is a much cleaner burning fuel than, say, coal. And secondly, transmission losses from large centralized generation plants would become forfeit. It’s relatively simple, really. All you need to do is commercialize a home-based generator. Standardize the attachments to the meet the gas regulations already dictating what pipes go where, so that it can simply replace an old water heater, or hook into someone’s basement. Then, put a capacitor in there somewhere: Boom, electricity on demand. You would be powering your own home. Sure, your natural gas bill would be higher. But you’d pay zero in electricity costs. Meanwhile, national emissions go down across the board, and coal and nuclear become obsolete. - Source

06/06/09 - Magniwork Website Claims $49 Blueprints for Perpetual Energy Generator
"These Blueprints Will Show you How to Build a Perpetual Energy Generator to cut your Electric Bill By at Least 50%." "These Blueprints will show you exactly how to build the perpetual motion generator, it will show you where you can get the parts and then you will be generating your own electricity to power your house in no time." "To make sure you Get your copy of these blueprints before we have to stop selling them click the button below to secure your copy Today" "Using our easy-to-follow guide, you will be able create a Magnetic Power Generator which creates absolutely free energy, and doesn't require any resource like wind or solar energy to function, the magniwork generator creates energy by itself and powers your home for free. This method has been researched for a long time, but due to suppression of this idea from the big corporations, the plans for building a free energy generator which could change the world have never been out on the open. We finally succeeded in creating a web site which offers the Do-It-Yourself instructions for building such a device, and it is considered that this device will be able to solve the energy crisis. Finding it hard to believe how such a machine could work? Watch the following video of a man that has built a similar device." "The magniwork generator DIY guide is on sale today (check bottom of the page for price), and all the raw materials needed cost less than 100$. The materials needed are very common, and can be easily found at your local hardware store." / They link it to the Lutec devic down in Australia by referencing this long standing youtube video. / A check of the owner of the site shows Registrant Name:Elizabeth Hind, Registrant Organization: (nothing), Registrant Street1:8 Janice Ave, Registrant Street2:Falcon, Registrant Street3:, Registrant City:Mandurah, Registrant State/Province:Western Australia, Registrant Postal Code:6210, Registrant Country:AU, Registrant Phone:+61.0408000648. So whats up with this, is it a scam or is there some association with Lutec? / 06/08/09 - Update from an Associate, "the plans show an Output of 24.5 Watts." - Source

06/06/09 - Invention produces electricity from water, air pressure
Ruben Pesebre, known in the industry as Butch Roldan of People’s Taliba, was granted exclusive rights throughout the Philippines by the Bureau of Patents to make use or sell his invention. The patent is in effect until the year 2025. Pesebre calls his invention the underwater pressure energy converter or UPEC. Once commercially operational, Pesebre’s business partner Nemesio “Boyet” Antonio Jr. said UPEC can produce the cheapest and most efficient electricity that can be made available to both consumers and commercial or industrial users. The Letters of Patent issued to Pesebre was dated May 12, with serial number 1-2005-000208 and signed by Patents director Epifanio Evasco. Under the Letters of Patent, Pesebre was also granted the right to import or bring back UPEC to the Philippines in case of a foreign-based development or business relationship, including the process in UPEC and the products obtained directly or indirectly from these processes. Pesebre and Antonio are now entertaining prospective business partners. Interested parties can call Pesebre at 0927-7793171 or 892-3052 or Antonio at 0915-6884762. - Source

06/06/09 - Scientists Create Metal That Pumps Liquid Uphill
KeelyNet In nature, trees pull vast amounts of water from their roots up to their leaves hundreds of feet above the ground through capillary action, but now scientists at the University of Rochester have created a simple slab of metal that lifts liquid using the same principle—but does so at a speed that would make nature envious. Guo and his assistant, Anatoliy Vorobyev, use an ultra-fast burst of laser light to change the surface of a metal, forming nanoscale and microscale pits, globules, and strands across the metal’s surface. The laser, called a femtosecond laser, produces pulses lasting only a few quadrillionths of a second—a femtosecond is to a second what a second is to about 32 million years. During its brief burst, Guo’s laser unleashes as much power as the entire electric grid of North America does, all focused onto a spot the size of a needlepoint, he says. The wicking process, which on Guo’s metal moves at a quick one centimeter per second speed against gravity, is very similar to the phenomenon that pulls spilled milk into a paper towel or creates “tears of wine” in a wineglass—molecular attractions and evaporation combine to move a liquid against gravity, says Guo. Likewise, Guo’s nanostructures change the way molecules of a liquid interact with the molecules of the metal, allowing them to become more or less attracted to each other, depending on Guo’s settings. At a certain size, the metal nanostructures adhere more readily to the liquid’s molecules than the liquid’s molecules adhere to each other, causing the liquid to quickly spread out across the metal. Combined with the effects of evaporation as the liquid spreads, this molecular interaction creates the fast wicking effect in Guo’s metals. Adding laser-etched channels into the metal further enhances Guo’s control of the liquid. - Source

06/06/09 - Pelmear opens manufacturing facility for 110 mpg engine
Doug Pelmear and his company, HP2G, opened the first manufacturing facility for his revolutionary new motor. The facility where the engines will be built is approximately 68,000 square feet and Pelmear said it will eventually house around 55 jobs once it is at full production. They plan on producing 500 motors in 2009. They will begin with just a few centers but have plans for more than 1,500 nationwide. Pelmear released more information about his invention during a press conference before the public address on Monday. As has been reported before, he has placed one of his motors inside a 1986 Ford Mustang, qualifying for the multi-million dollar first prize in the Progressive Automobile X Prize by averaging 110 miles per gallon. Pelmear quickly pointed out, however, that this is not some gas-sipping motor that will be impractical for general use. It performed at that mileage level while still producing 400 horsepower and 500 ft.-lbs of torque. He even ran the air conditioner while performing the tests. While the E85-only engine was not on display for the general public, Pelmear did reveal that it was quite a bit smaller than the normal engine of today and only weighs about 200 pounds. He also showed the documentation that he had taken it to an Ohio EPA station last Friday for an emissions test. His emissions were half of the legal limit and that mark was achieved without a catalytic converter. As can be expected, Pelmear's invention has drawn the interest of many people. On hand on Monday was State Senator Steve Buehrer, a representative from U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown's office and numerous county and city officials from the area, including Van Wert County Commissioner Clair Dudgeon. They were all thrilled with the prospects of an Ohio entrepreneur succeeding in such an important industry to this part of the state. "I just want to add my voice to what I'm sure the other officials are saying," said Buehrer. "We have a business starting on a day when at times we want to be overwhelmed with the bleak news of the economy and certainly the auto industry. This is an exciting opportunity for I think all of northwest Ohio." Pelmear is in agreement which is one of the reasons why he has continually turned away major auto companies who have inquired about purchasing his technology. He said this way he knows the motor will make it to the market and be based out of Ohio. - Source

06/06/09 - Call For Inventors! Walmart's Innovative (GREEN) Product Search!
Walmart wants inventions that are sustainable and green. Its intention is to open a division of affordable, innovative products for the "green lifestyle" that customers can bring into their homes that have a positive effect on the environment, but also have a positive effect on changing the customer's behavior. Now, here's the hard part. You know it has to be green and sustainable, but here are the categories that Walmart is looking for:

* Storage and Organization
o How to better organize your home, such as kitchen and living areas; laundry and closets
* Kitchen Products
o Cookware
o Kitchen gadgets
o Pots and pans
o Small appliances, such as can openers, blenders, coffee makers
o Table top items like plates, cups, glassware, silverware, etc.
* Home Décor Items such as pictures, decals, arrangements, artwork
* Indoor Furniture such as desks, tables and chairs, bookcases, TV stands, sofas etc.
* Back to College products needed in the dorms such as furniture, appliances, décor, cookware
* Outdoor Furniture such as chairs, tables, umbrellas, replacement cushions etc.
* Luggage and totes

Walmart has paired with Edison Nation to conduct this live product search. Edison Nation will screen applications before forwarding them to Walmart. Submissions must be made by July 31 2009. If your product is selected, you'll get a deal for some percentage of sales for 20 years and $2,500 advance. Please check all the rules very carefully before submitting and read the Innovator Agreement and Assignment Agreement carefully, with a business attorney, if necessary. Before submitting an idea, you really should know what the inventor's rewards will be and if they meet your desires and expectations. - Source

06/06/09 - An Invention To Find Your Lost Ones
Microsoft's Whereabouts Clock features a screen which has the ability to show the approximate location of an individual – such as 'school', 'work' or 'gym'. The revolutionary device works by identifying which cell of a mobile phone network a family member is in at any given time. When users set up the Whereabouts Clock they have to give each cell a name, such as 'work' or 'school', by downloading software onto their phone. The device recognises their location each time they enter that cell. Users who don't want others to know their location can switch off the application, reports The Times. The system is reminiscent of a device in Rowling's novels. The parents of Ron Weasley, Harry's friend, own a magic clock with a hand representing each family member. The hands point to locations on a dial including 'home', 'work' and 'mortal peril'. - Source

06/06/09 - Teen has patent for projector invention — and more pending
The patent, U.S. Patent Number 7,535,436, describes the delivery of light images from a computer or a television receiver to a wall or a screen using a pen-shaped device. A central processing unit within the Projector Pen fires red, green and blue lasers into an innovative optics assembly that combines the colored beams and sends the light ray through a rotating disk and across the screen. As David explains it: "When the light goes through the lenses, they take each light pixel and shine it onto a screen or wall. The lenses run back and forth until it fills the screen. This process repeats 30 times per second to make it appear as though you're looking at a solid image and not a series of pixels, and you have the image projected." - Source

06/06/09 - Taiwan students invent power-generating motorcycle helmet
Three Taiwan university students have invented a motorcycle helmet that can generate electricity and power a scooter's lights. The students fixed five tiny fans that are also generators onto the front of the helmet so that when the motorcycle starts running, wind blow the fans and the fans produce electricity, said Professor Chen Feng-shih, who supervised the invention. Through a Bluetooth wireless transmitter, the power is sent to the motorbike to power the scooter's front and back lights, brake light and direction indicators. It can also power a pair of direction indicator and brake lights on the back of the helmet. Four batteries, embedded into the helmet, can store the electricity generated by the fans. The cost of all the gadgets cost 1,000 Taiwan dollars (30 US dollars), which does not include the cost of the helmet. - Source

06/06/09 - Laser Makes Regular Lightbulbs Super-Efficient
What if you could take a regular incandescent lightbulb, zap it with a powerful laser for a small fraction of a second, and make it about twice as efficient as a regular lightbulb? That seems to be what researchers at the University of Rochester did. What does the laser do? It creates an “array of nano- and micro-scale structures on the surface of [the] regular tungsten filament-the tiny wire inside a light bulb-and these structures make the tungsten become far more effective at radiating light.” - Source

06/06/09 - Long Distance Space Travel Will Adversely Affect Astronaut’s Looks
KeelyNet Making long space journeys, like those envisaged in the future, will not be good for your looks or figure, claim scientists who believe they will leave astronauts looking short, fat and bald. Near zero gravity would leave humans stunted and cause their bones and muscles to be underdeveloped, said astrobiologist Dr Lewis Dartnell. They will also have bloated faces and lose their hair because fluid would pool in their skulls and there would be no need for insulation from the cold. “With little effort required to move around in microgravity and an environment that is never too hot or cold, future spacemen and women are likely to become pretty chubby,” he said. “Without gravity, fluid would float up to pool in the skull, which would cause the head to look permanently swollen out of proportion. “Also, with no need for hair to insulate the head or eyelashes to flick dust from their eyes, future humans may become completely hairless.” Speaking at the Cheltenham Science Festival, Dr Dartnell also addressed the question of what aliens on other worlds might look like. He said: “Certain features of the human body, such as camera-like eyes, head, and legs would evolve time and time again on different worlds, and so many features of alien animals are likely to be instantly recognisable. “However other features of life, such as the number of limbs animals develop, or the shape and colour of trees, would be much more variable between worlds.” - Source

06/06/09 - Dalai Lama’s Pick Renounces post
The Spanish boy handpicked by the Dalai Lama as the reincarnation of a spiritual leader has renounced his monastic life and spoken out against the monks who worshipped him. Osel Hita Torres was a 14-month-old toddler when the Dalai Lama recognised him as the reincarnation of a recently deceased spiritual teacher, Lama Yeshe, in 1986. The "peaceful, meditative" baby was chosen over nine other candidates and "enthroned". Renamed Lama Tenzin Osel Rinpoche, the boy guru was taken away from his family in Granada and installed in a monastery in southern India. Growing up, he was only allowed to socialise with other reincarnated souls - although for a brief period he lived next to the actor Richard Gere's cabin. And now? Now 24, Torres - who is one of only a handful of Westerners to be recognised as a Tibetan Buddhist tulku, or reincarnation - has rebelled against his spiritual upbringing. While still revered by the Buddhist community, Torres now lives in Madrid where he studies film. A Jimi Hendrix fan who sports long hair and wears baggy trousers, Torres performed at last year's Burning Man Festival, the annual avant-garde art event held in the Nevada desert. Torres said his childhood was "like living a lie." - Source

06/06/09 - YouTube XL For Large Screens
A special version of YouTube for home entertainment centers. YouTube XL - http://www.youtube.com/xl The text is huge, so you can read it across the room. - Source

06/06/09 - Protecting the Apollo Landing Sites From Later Landings
"The Lunar X-Prize is a contest offering $20 million to the first private organization to land and maneuver a robotic rover on the moon. There is also a $1 million bonus to anyone who can get a picture of a man-made object on the moon. But one archeologist believes that 'The sites of early lunar landings are of unparalleled significance in the history of humanity, and extraordinary caution should be taken to protect them.' He's concerned that we may end up with rover tracks destroying historic artifacts, such as Neil Armstrong's first bootprint, or that a mistake could send a rocket slamming into a landing site. He calls on the organizers to ban any contestant from landing within 100KM of a prior moon landing site. Now he seems to think this just means Apollo. What about the Luna and Surveyor landers? What about the Lunokhod rovers? Are they fair game?" - Source

06/06/09 - MS Issued a Fix For Its Unwanted FireFox Extension
As we discussed last February, and again a few days ago after the Washington Post noticed, Microsoft installed without permission a hard-to-remove Firefox extension along with a service pack for .NET Framework 3.5. Reader Pigskin-Referee lets us know that, as it turns out, Microsoft issued a fix a month ago; details here. - Source

06/06/09 - "Colossal Magnetic Effect" Could Lead To Breakthrough In Storage Tech
"Scientists with the Carnegie Institution for Science have discovered what could bring yet another massive advance in memory and storage. The discovery, a magnetoresistence literally 'up to 1000 times more powerful' than the Giant Magnetoresistence Effect discovered roughly 20 years ago, which led to one of the major breakthroughs in memory, seems to be a result of high-pressure interactions between Manganites. Manganites aren't new to this game; MRAM uses Manganite layers to achieve the Magnetic Tunnel Effect needed to keep the state of memory stable. Applying significant amounts of pressure to known tech-useful materials isn't a new trick; you might recall the recent breakthrough with Europium superconductivity thanks to similar high-pressure antics." - Source

06/06/09 - New Display Keeps an Eye On the Viewer
"Researchers at Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems (IPMS) have developed an OLED display that doubles as a camera. The idea is to use it in lightweight heads-up displays that track usersl eye movements, affording some form of gaze-control. The researchers will demonstrate a prototype at the Society for Information Display conference in San Antonio this week. The current version has a simple monochromatic display: it is 1.25 centimeters on each side, with a resolution of 320 by 240 pixels. The team at Fraunhofer IPMS has also partnered with Novaled, an OLED company that manufactures high-quality white diodes, and plans to make color prototypes using the technology." - Source

06/06/09 - Outsourcing's third wave
Early this year, the king of Saudi Arabia held a ceremony to receive a batch of rice, part of the first crop to be produced under something called the King Abdullah initiative for Saudi agricultural investment abroad. It had been grown in Ethiopia, where a group of Saudi investors is spending $100m to raise wheat, barley and rice on land leased to them by the government. The investors are exempt from tax in the first few years and may export the entire crop back home. Meanwhile, the World Food Programme (WFP) is spending almost the same amount as the investors ($116m) providing 230,000 tonnes of food aid between 2007 and 2011 to the 4.6m Ethiopians it thinks are threatened by hunger and malnutrition. The Saudi programme is an example of a powerful but contentious trend sweeping the poor world: countries that export capital but import food are outsourcing farm production to countries that need capital but have land to spare. Instead of buying food on world markets, governments and politically influential companies buy or lease farmland abroad, grow the crops there and ship them back. Supporters of such deals argue they provide new seeds, techniques and money for agriculture, the basis of poor countries’ economies, which has suffered from disastrous underinvestment for decades. Opponents call the projects “land grabs”, claim the farms will be insulated from host countries and argue that poor farmers will be pushed off land they have farmed for generations. What is unquestionable is that the projects are large, risky and controversial. In Madagascar they contributed to the overthrow of a government. - Source

06/06/09 - More bad news about plastic containers?
New research analyzing mineral water held in bottles made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) raises questions about whether contaminants might leach from PET into the water where they mimic estrogen’s effects. In the study reported online in Environmental Science and Pollution Research on March 10, ecotoxicologists Martin Wagner and Jrg Oehlmann of Johann Wolfgang Goethe University (Germany) report evidence of the bottles’ estrogenicity from multiple tests, but they have yet to pinpoint the exact source. Billions of bottles and food containers made of PET are sold every year. The plastic is considered safer than others that contain endocrine-disrupting compounds, such as polyvinyl chloridewhich is made with phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA)and polycarbonate, which has been shown to release BPA into liquids at high temperatures. The researchers tested 20 brands of mineral water sold in either glass or plastic bottles or both. The yeast-based assay of different samples of mineral water showed that more than half the brands of water had “significantly elevated estrogenic activity,” the researchers note. - Source

06/06/09 - No scars: New obesity surgery goes through mouth
Doctors are testing a new kind of obesity surgery without any cuts through the abdomen, snaking a tube as thick as a garden hose down the throat to snap staples into the stomach. The experimental, scar-free procedure creates a narrow passage that slows the food as it moves from the upper stomach into the lower stomach, helping patients feel full more quickly and eat less. Doctors say preliminary results from about 200 U.S. patients and 100 in Europe look promising. Risks include perforating the esophagus, as Nishi said happened to a patient at another center, but otherwise, he said, there have been no major complications. - Source

06/06/09 - 'World's cheapest car' coming to US
KeelyNet India's Tata Motors hopes to offer the Nano, dubbed the world's cheapest car, in the United States within two years, its chairman said. "It will need to meet all emission and crash standards and so we hope in the next two years we will be offering such a vehicle in the U.S," Ratan Tata told a panel at the Cornell Global Forum on Sustainable Global Enterprise late Wednesday. The company plans to offer a European version of the car, which costs about $2,300, in 2011. Tata got the idea to make a car that poor people could afford while thinking about the motorbike and scooter riders who maneuver through the streets of Indian cities with their children on board. The four-seater car gets up to 65 miles per gallon. Cheap labor helps to keep the price down. - Source

06/06/09 - Would You Try This?: The Spermine Facial
Called the Spermine Facial, it consists of slathering synthesized human sperm on your face and then running an ultrasound and infared light over the substance to help it, ahem, penetrate deeper. Townhouse Spa is currently offering this service for $250. Apparently studies were conducted (can you imagine that clinical trial?) that showed that the antioxidant found in human sperm makes your skin softer and less wrinkly. - Source

06/06/09 - The contact lens that can help the blind see again
KeelyNet The procedure uses a person's own cells to heal damage to the cornea - the transparent outermost layer of the eye. It is carried out under local anaesthetic, with patients returning home within two hours of surgery, removing the need for expensive hospital stays. The three patients treated so far had very poor vision caused by corneal disease - the fourth most common form of blindness, affecting around 10million worldwide. It is caused by genetics, surgery, burns, infection or chemotherapy, and treatments usually include grafts and transplants and drugs such as steroids. The team from the University of New South Wales in Sydney harnessed the power of stem cells - 'master cells' with the ability to turn into other cell types. They removed small samples of stem cells from the eyes of two men and a woman with corneal disease and grew them on a contact lens. The stem cell-coated contacted lenses were then put into the patients' eyes for around three weeks. During that time, the stem cells moved off the lenses and began to heal the damaged corneas, the journal Transplantation reports. Using a person's own cells removes any need for donors and means the transplant will not be rejected. Researcher Dr Nick Di Girolamo said: 'The procedure is totally simple and cheap. 'Unlike other techniques, it requires no foreign human or animal products, only the patient’s own serum, and is completely non-invasive. 'There's no suturing, there is no major operation. You don’t need any fancy equipment.' The contact lenses used in the operation are already widely used after eye surgery. The researchers hope the technique can be adapted for other parts of the eye, such as the retina, and even elsewhere in the body. - Source

06/06/09 - Could we be the generation that runs out of fish?
An extraordinary documentary released next week, The End of the Line, forces us to stop, and see. Its story is stark. In my parents' lifetime, we have killed 90 per cent of the world's fish. In my lifetime, we will finish off the rest – unless we change our ways, fast. We are on course to be the people who wiped fish from the earth. Professor Boris Worm of Dalhousie University published a detailed study in the prestigious peer-reviewed journal Nature saying that at the current rate, all global fish populations will have collapsed by 2048. He says: "This isn't some horror scenario, it's a real possibility. It's not rocket science if we're depleting species after species. It's a finite resource. We'll reach a point where we run out." The effects of the new industrial fishing are uniform. Professor Ransom Myers found that whenever the vast industrial trawlers are sent in, it takes just 15 years to reduce the fish population to a 10% shadow of its former self. This process of trawlering is an oceanic weapon of mass destruction, ripping up everything in its path. Yet today, ordinary people in rich countries are being insulated from the fish crisis. As we exhaust our own fish stocks, our corporations are sailing out across the world to steal them from the poor. Today, there are armadas of industrial European and American fishing boats across the coast of West Africa, leaving the small fishermen who live on its coasts to starve. Professor Daniel Pauly says: "It is like a hole burning through paper. As the hole expands, the edge is where the fisheries concentrate, until there is nowhere left to go." We are not only stealing fish from Africans; we are stealing them from future generations. In the age of limits, we are hitting up against the capacity of the planet to provide for us – yet we are reacting with blank denial. This story is unfolding, in one form or another, in the rainforests, the air, and in the planet's climate itself. - Source

06/03/09 - Lebanon Man Designs Magnet-Powered Motor
KeelyNet Inventor Bill Landon, Jr. is waiting for a decision from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on his latest and most ambitious project — a magnet-powered motor. Such "fuel-less" motors could be used to run anything, negating the need for fuel of any kind, Landon said. The implications of his claim are huge, he acknowledged, and people will be skeptical. One of his own relatives asked how it was possible that no one had thought of such a motor before, Landon said. Displayed on a table in his home, the magnet motor doesn't look revolutionary or even complicated. The size of a medium pizza, the main parts are a stationary base, or stator, and a rotor. Magnets are arranged in circles along the edges of both pieces. Milled to precise shapes and placed in exact positions, Landon said, the magnets will pull and push one another to create constant rotation. "The energy produced by moving in a straight line between two points and that produced by moving between the same two points on a curved line is different, and that difference is used to propel the motor," he said. That's the translation for laymen — the patent application, available online at patft.uspto.gov, is much more detailed and complex. Landon flicks the rotor and it spins for several minutes. The model is not perfect, he said, because the parts must be precisely machined and fitted and he lacks the necessary equipment. Landon said he hopes that an entrepreneur somewhere in the U.S. will fund a working model. In the end, patent examiners will decide whether Landon's invention is novel and useful. He expects a decision in about seven months. - Source

06/03/09 - Landon Self-Running Magnetic Motor - Patent Application #20090066172
KeelyNet Landon, JR.; William W. - March 12, 2009 - Abstract - A magnetic motor that comprises two assemblies, a rotor assembly (built up arrangement of rotor discs populated with permanent magnets) spaced in circular fashion on or about the disc and a stator assembly (built up arrangement of stator discs or planes populated with groups of permanent magnets spaced apart in circular fashion) so that the magnets on the rotor disc can move between the stator magnet groups in the same plane during rotation of the rotor assembly. The rotor (rotor discs) are connected to a common shaft (drive shaft) mounted on bearings to the mainframe to allow relative motion (rotation between the rotor and the stator). / BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION - [0003]Prior magnetic motors typically provide motion (rotation etc.) using magnetic north or south pole faces, edges or relative elevations of faces or edges or combinations thereof and extensive shielding to produce motion. [0004]This invention eclipses previous attempts by direct use of atomic forces separating the north and south poles of a magnet (magnets) by producing a virtual bipolar magnet (magnets) stator arrangement that allows movement of a rotor magnet (magnets) past and along and in the plane separating the poles while passing through the virtual center of symmetry (COS) of the virtual magnet (magnets) group arrangement. [0005]The inventor has reasoned by observations of the universe and reason itself a method of producing continual motion with no apparent power source by inventing an equivalent magnetic circular rotating force field that is completely overlapping between magnets and never ending because the magnets are placed in circular arrangements so that any rotor magnet placed in the circular force field at point (a) can be moved to any next point (b) in the circular path by the combined overlapping and aiding attraction and repulsion forces acting on that magnet (magnets) to produce motion in the same direction. [0006]The resulting power source is an equivalent single force field composed of overlapping ball-like shaped magnetic field structures where each ball shaped structure has no physical magnet (magnets) at the center of its structure to prevent passage of one magnet attracted and repelled by another to the center of the ball structure and then repelled and attracted to the next ball structure after passage through the center of the ball on a never ending point (a) to point (b) ball structure movement basis. - Source

06/03/09 - Spanish company touts process to turn urban waste into biodiesel
A group of Spanish developers working under the company name Ecofasa, headed by chief executive officer and inventor Francisco Angulo, has developed a biochemical process to turn urban solid waste into a fatty acid biodiesel feedstock. Using microbes to convert organic material into energy isn’t a new concept to the renewable energy industries, and the same can be said for the anaerobic digestion of organic waste by microbes, which turns waste into biogas consisting mostly of methane. However, using bacteria to convert urban waste to fatty acids, which can then be used as a feedstock for biodiesel production, is a new twist. The Spanish company calls this process and the resulting fuel Ecofa. “It is based on metabolism’s natural principle by means of which all living organisms, including bacteria, produce fatty acids,” Angula said. “[It] comes from the carbon of any organic waste.” He defined urban waste as “organic wastes from home like food, paper, wood and dung,” and added that any carbon-based material can be used for biodiesel production under the Ecofa process. “For many years, I wondered why there are pools of oil in some mountains,” he said, explaining the reasoning behind his invention. “After delving into the issue, I realized that [those oil deposits] were produced by decomposing organic living microorganisms.” This, in Angulo’s mind, sparked the idea that food waste and bacteria could be turned into fatty acids that could react into biodiesel. Two types of bacteria are under further development by Biotit Scientific Biotechnology Laboratory in Seville, Spain: E. coli and Firmicutes. The Ecofa process also produces methane gas, and inconvertible solids that can be used as a soil amendment or fertilizer. “There is a huge variety of bacteria,” Angulo said. “Currently, [biodiesel producers] receive a fat that must be processed through transesterification into biodiesel, but we are also working on other types of bacteria that are capable of producing fatty acids with the same characteristics as biodiesel.” He said this would eventually allow producers to skip the transesterification step. - Source

06/03/09 - Dennis Lee agrees to stop claiming his device improves gas mileage
KeelyNet For decades, Dennis Lee has marketed inventions he says will help liberate America from big business and fossil fuels. He has boasted of fertilizer that grows 17-foot-tall corn and engines that run on steak sauce and soda pop. But Lee, a convicted felon, has agreed to stop claiming his latest product can turn any gas-guzzling car into a hybrid. The 63-year-old from Passaic County signed an agreement last week with the Federal Trade Commission preventing him from saying the $1,000 device significantly improves gas mileage at all. The agreement makes it nearly impossible for Lee to market his product; the government also froze his assets, a move Lee described in February as tantamount to putting him out of business. The move comes nearly six months after the FTC filed suit in U.S. District Court in Newark against Lee, who has a long history of consumer protection violations. Authorities say he has staged sales demonstration in hotel ballrooms across America, marketing products to evangelical Christians and conspiracy theorists who share his conservative religious beliefs and suspicions of the government. Device maker has a flair for drumming up business and scorn. He claimed his latest invention, the Hydro-Assist Fuel Cell, could boost automobile gas mileage by as much as 300 percent by injecting hydrogen into the engine's combustion chamber. But the FTC argued the premise was make believe. "We have a very strong case," said Joshua Millard, a lawyer for the FTC. The agency collected sworn statements from people who bought the device and claimed it had little or no impact on gas mileage. It presented test results from an independent automotive facility in Plainfield. And it enlisted a Massachusetts Institute of Technology automotive engineering professor who reviewed the product's technical specifications and concluded Lee's claims were baseless. Lee and his lawyer did not return calls seeking comment. - Source

06/03/09 - Quick Test For Prostate Cancer
A new 3-minute test could help in diagnosing prostate cancer, the most common cancer in men in the UK, according to scientists. Researchers have developed the test by using light energy to measure the level of citrate in fluid samples from the prostate gland. The technique could provide the basis of a rapid means of detecting prostate cancer in the future. Almost a quarter of male cancers in the UK are diagnosed as prostate cancer and more than 10,000 men die from the disease each year. The technique measures the wavelength of light as it is shone through diluted samples of body fluids. The research team, funded by the North East Proof of Concept Fund and the EPSRC, believe that the technique which can measure, with speed and accuracy, how citrate levels fall in the prostate gland as cancer develops, could also find use for the diagnosis of other medical conditions, associated with poor kidney function. Prof Parker said: "Citrate provides a significant biomarker for disease that may provide a reliable method for screening and detecting prostate cancer, and for the monitoring of people with the disease. This technique could form the basis of a simple screening procedure for prostate cancer that could be used in outpatient departments at local hospitals." His team have shone light into over 100 different chemical structures to see how they function and respond to the presence of certain important bioactive species. They have looked particularly closely at how citrate and lactate bind to luminescent structures within fluids. Citrate and lactate are vital for our bodies' metabolism for normal function. Citrate provides energy for cells and the amount found in the prostate varies considerably due to an enzyme called m-aconitase which transforms it. This enzyme is very sensitive to zinc and, in prostate cancer sufferers, zinc levels are depressed and the enzyme switches on again. Prof Leslie Costello from the University of Maryland said: "Citrate is formed in cell metabolism processes which alter as cancers grow. The analysis of the citrate concentration of prostatic fluid can provide an accurate way to screen and diagnose prostate cancer. Since citrate concentrations decrease markedly early in malignancy, this technique makes it possible to analyse what's happening quickly in the early and treatable stage of prostate cancer. It shows much promise as a clinical tool." The new test requires only a microlitre of fluid and the sample can be easily measured in an optical instrument. Using samples from male volunteers, the researchers have developed a portable instrument that can give results in 3 minutes. - Source

06/03/09 - Dangers of premature "mission accomplished" and Irish fields of dreams
KeelyNet The recent signals of a stabilisation of the global economy are welcome straws in the wind for Ireland but the danger is that those who are good at clutching at straws, will declare a premature "mission accomplished," like the hapless 43rd American president. It is easier to paint new images of Irish fields of dreams than confront home truths from the recent crash of the economy. Last week, a proposal to achieve Irish energy independence in five years, called the Spirit of Ireland initiative, was launched. The proposal aims to turn Ireland into a net exporter of energy after a decade by harnessing wind energy and using huge storage reservoirs in valleys in the West of Ireland... Ireland has been poor in managing big projects and last month, in the Irish Times, I gave the example of the almost 36 years to complete 80 kilometres of continuous motorway/dual carriageway, from Dublin to the Cork/Limerick side of Portlaoise. As the National Roads Authority was working on plans for acquisition of lands for roadbuilding, councillors were racing ahead with rezoning so that farmers would even end up with bigger bonanzas! The line "restoring national morale and confidence in our ability, wholly against the odds, to innovate and, once again, provide a template for other countries to seek to emulate," is just blather if we are not prepared to ask key questions about the recent past. Shouldn't we look at why our exporting record and development of new internationally tradable goods and services firms, is so poor? Science Foundation Ireland said recently, it will attempt to push patent filings up to 500, over the next five years. It also expects to see 1,000 invention disclosures, 40 money-earning technology licences and 30 start-ups based on local research discoveries. 30 start-ups with a survival rate of about 20%, is not a huge achievement. As for "leveraging Ireland’s “Golden Demographics,”' we had plenty of this blather during the boom from the property industry. There are many factors other than demographics, which are necessary for building a sustainable economy. The Ray Kinsella character, played by Kevin Costner in the 1989 movie Field of Dreams, hears a voice whisper, "if you build it, he will come," as he walks through his cornfield. Ireland of course, has more at stake than the building of a baseball field. Our vested interests can promote their fields of dreams but first recognise the existing shortcomings and what needs to be fixed. We are better at dreams than vision and are well-known purveyors of blather, such as Minister Mary Couglan's statement on Monday: "Ireland Inc reaches milestone in transition to a smarter, greener economy." - Source

06/03/09 - Designing Body Machine Interfaces
KeelyNet Ralph Etienne-Cummings studies animals in order to make devices that could one day help paraplegics walk, the armless feel and grasp, and machines see and fly like insects. A full professor at the age of 42, Etienne-Cummings enjoys a reputation internationally as a leading researcher in biomorphics, the engineering field that uses biologically inspired principles to make prosthetic limbs, robots, and other devices. His niche is neuromorphics, the study of how animals' muscle control and sensory systems work so engineers can model them in silicon — or, put another way, jam-pack integrated circuits into microchips that can perform the same functions as nerve cells. When a person's spinal cord is severed, signals from the brain can't reach regions below the break. People who have a lower-spine injury also lose the ability of nerves in their legs to "talk" to each other, making the coordination necessary for walking impossible. Etienne-Cummings has sought to replicate the nerves that fire when a person walks — bundles of so-called controller nerves that create central pattern generators, or CPGs. In a healthy person, the generators feed signals into nerve cells in the spine — cells that remain even after a spine injury — and then respond to the output. The nerve cells learn to balance and coordinate the inputs and outputs in the proper sequence for locomotion. Etienne-Cummings challenged himself to come up with a way to tap this natural process to get paralyzed people moving again. Scientists at Case Western Reserve University, in Cleveland, have implanted nerve-like wires in paraplegics, who control the wires using a computerized box attached to their belts. This "functional electro-stimulation" model can get people walking by pushing buttons to lift or lower their legs. While hailed as a step forward for science and for patients, functional electro-stimulation also takes a step back: Patients tire quickly because the method moves muscle fibers in the opposite order than nature does. In essence, the machine works against the body as much as it does with it, tiring muscles that have been programmed by nature to respond differently. Another drawback: Patients must undergo extensive surgery to implant the wires. The technique Etienne-Cummings and others are developing, called intro-spinal stimulation, will fire nerves to move muscle fibers in the order nature intended, and it won't require wire implants or an external controller. A better idea, but one that still needs some bugs worked out. Walking requires constant, simultaneous computations, coordinated movements, and feedback to the brain. Etienne-Cummings and crew must invent a CPG that does all that. - Source

06/03/09 - Hydrovolts Hopes to Open Door to Hydropower with Underwater Turbine
Burt Hamner, founder and CEO of the tiny Seattle startup Hydrovolts, has an idea he hopes will revolutionize the hydropower industry. His invention, the “flip wing” turbine, is still in development. It is a simple and cheap spin on the paddle wheel, but comes with a twist that boosts its power production. The turbine is designed to sit in flowing waterways, such as rivers or canals. The flowing water pushes each blade from the front of the turbine to the back, but unlike a traditional paddle wheel design, the “paddles” on Hamner’s turbine flip open on their way back around, reducing drag and increasing power-harnessing ability. Hydrovolt’s prototype turbine is about three feet long and sits against the wall in a conference room. It was built with motors scavenged from a washing machine. Hamner cranks it by hand, and a light bulb attached to the end lights up. While the prototype turbine is a few feet long, the working turbines will be about the size of a refrigerator, Hamner says. “It’s a very simple thing,” he said. “I can deliver this in a pickup, and have it in the water and producing power in 30 minutes.” The fridge-sized turbines will cost $13,000 and will produce on average two to three kilowatts per day, or as much as 20 kilowatts per day, depending on where they are installed, Hamner says. That’s enough to power a few houses. At the average national electricity price of 10 cents per kilowatt-hour, the turbines will pay for themselves in less than three years if running continuously, a very fast payback rate for renewable energy, Hamner says. Hamner says his turbines can be used in many places that are not currently capable of producing energy, such as rural or resource-poor areas, but his first aim is to target privately owned, man-made waterways such as irrigation canals or industrial spillways. These have two big advantages, Hamner says. First, being man-made, they are already staffed with engineers who understand their water flow very well and will be able to easily install and maintain the turbines themselves. And second, this application minimizes potential environmental impacts. - Source

06/03/09 - A post from 2038
KeelyNet After 30 years of writing for the Examiner.com, I have seen most everything. I thought I would write today on the watershed events around 2008 that reset the course of the last three decades in American politics. Guns played an amazing part. The ensuing months after the election saw gun sales soar as previous owners bought guns they intended to own someday before they were outlawed, and first time buyers got off the fence and bought a gun "just in case" the new administration moved to outlaw guns. Ammunition was being bought like the country was preparing for war. About half way through the Obama term, supplies eased up as manufacturers finally added permanent increases in manufacturing capacity. They decided that the level of consumption in our country had permanently increased with millions of new owners adding to the increased interest in shooting sports and self defense... In retrospect, it is amazing to think that the second amendment rights were the touchstone for the American people to actually see and understand the misguided path of the federal government and take some positive actions for the American people and the good of the country rather than the political class. New challenges will face America going forward, but she is strongest when she follows her founding document, the constitution. Speaking of gun rights, one of my favorite things was the invention by the descendent of Samuel Colt of a pulsed energy pistol, promptly dubbed a "phaser". Now that people can dial from stun to vaporize, everybody has one. Even my sister has bought one! - Source

06/03/09 - Harvard scientist says Cooking led to the Rise of Humanity
Richard Wrangham's book, "Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human," is published today (June 1) by Basic Books. In it, he makes the case that the ability to harness fire and cook food allowed the brain to grow and the digestive tract to shrink, giving rise to our ancestor Homo erectus some 1.8 million years ago. Drawing on a wide body of research, Wrangham makes the case that cooking makes eating faster and easier, and wrings more caloric benefit from food. Moreover, he writes, cooking is vitally important to supporting the outsize human brain, which consumes a quarter of the body's energy. By freeing humans from having to spend half the day chewing tough raw food -- as most of our primate relatives do -- cooking allowed early humans to devote themselves to more productive activities, ultimately allowing the development of tools, agriculture, and social networks. Cooked food is also softer, meaning the body uses less energy merely digesting what it takes in. Since physical remnants of fire tend to degrade rapidly, archaeological evidence of fire and cooking dates back only about 800,000 years. Wrangham looked to biological evidence, which shows that around 1.8 million years ago, Homo erectus arose with larger brains and bodies and smaller guts, jaws, and teeth -- changes consistent with the switch to a more tender and energetically rich diet of cooked food. "Cooking is what makes the human diet 'human,' and the most logical explanation for the advances in brain and body size over our ape ancestors," Wrangham says. "It's hard to imagine the leap to Homo erectus without cooking's nutritional benefits." While others have posited that meat-eating enabled the rise of Homo erectus some 1.8 million years ago, Wrangham says those theories don't mesh with that species' smaller jaws and teeth. Instead, he claims meat enabled the shift from Australopithecines to Homo habilis -- a species about the size of a chimp, but with a bigger brain -- more than half a million years earlier. Wrangham says the adoption of cooking had profound impacts on human families and relationships, making hearth and home central to humanity and driving humans into paired mating and perhaps even traditional male-female household roles. He writes that the advent of cooking permitted a new distribution of labor between men and women: Men entered into relationships to have someone to cook for them, freeing them up for socializing and other pursuits and bolstering their social standing. Women benefited from men's protection, safeguarding their food from thieves. Homo sapiens remains the only species in which theft of food is uncommon even when it would be easy. - Source

06/03/09 - Solar Powered Trash Compactor
KeelyNet These brand new solar trash cans are being installed on philly sidewalks and are entirely powered by the sun. The city hopes that you will use them. They can accept close to eight times as much waste as a regular trash can. They go by the name of Big Bellys and they will save the city close to 12 million dollars over 10 years! The first Big Belly was recently inaugurated by the Mayor at 15th Street and JFK boulevard at JFK Plaza. Over 500 of the units will be installed by July. 210 of those will also feature an additional recycling bin component. Since the compacting bins only have to be emptied 5 times per week (Regular bins which must be emptied 19 times), the city will see huge savings on staff time, fuel costs, and greenhouse gas emissions. - Source

06/03/09 - German WWII technology uses HCL to make fuel
Biofuels start-up HCL Cleantech has received a first infusion of venture capital funding from Burrill & Co. and Khosla Ventures, two big names in clean energy investing. HCL, based in Tel-Aviv, Israel, has revived a World War II-era process for converting cellulosic feedstocks to sugar, a potential biofuel feedstock, using concentrated hydrochloric acid. HCL Cleantech was founded in December 2007 to commercialize technology adapted from an invention by Nobel Prize-winning German chemist Friedrich Bergius. The Bergius process was used in Germany during World War II when the country suffered from a shortage of fuel and sugar. But difficulties in recovering the concentrated hydrochloric acid made the process too expensive to commercialize. HCL CEO Eran Baniel says his company has figured out how to completely recover 42% hydrochloric acid through solvent extraction. Baniel claims that using the acid makes for a simple and low-cost conversion to sugar compared to other methods such as enzyme-based degradation. He says the technology can hydrolyze a wide variety of cellulosic feedstocks without drying or pretreatment, uses little water or energy, and produces high sugar yields with fewer unwanted byproducts. - Source

06/03/09 - OIT invention cleans waste vegetable oil into fuel for Autos
A student at Oregon Institute of Technology in Southeast Portland, has devised a way to filter and clean used vegetable oil for use in cars and trucks that run on diesel. The project, called the automated biodiesel reactor, is a joint venture with Findley’s classmates Jordan Hudson and Sean Laraway. Laraway said the reactor could make it possible for small restaurants, businesses or what he generically called quickie marts to convert used vegetable oil to diesel and then run their fleet of cars or trucks on the biodiesel. The end product would be high-grade biodiesel that meets national American Society for Testing and Materials standards, they said. The energy needed to run the biodiesel reactor would come from solar panels. Laraway, Hudson and Findley said they are in the early stages of the project, which can produce about 25 gallons of biodiesel at a time. The system separates glycerol from the used vegetable oil in one tank and then further cleanses it in an adjacent tank. Diesel engines usually have a longer life span, are more efficient and require less maintenance because they don’t use spark plugs. The advantages of their biodiesel reactor is that it would be far cheaper than others on the market, which cost around $200,000, Findley said, and theirs would be smaller and thus more portable. - Source

06/03/09 - Supreme Court to review what can be patented
The U.S. Supreme Court agreed Monday to review for the first time in 28 years what business methods can be patented, an issue that has divided the titans of biotechnology, financial services and information management systems. The justices agreed to review an October ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit that limited patent protection to inventions involving machines or physical transformation. Before the federal appeals court's Oct. 30 ruling on the Bilski claim, patent examiners used the test of whether an invention was "new, useful and not obvious." Bilski's petition for the Supreme Court to update its 1981 definition of patentability argued that the requirement that a business method have a physical quality would discourage innovation in the high-technology fields that drive the U.S. economy. The justices are expected to review the case during their next session, beginning in October. - Source

06/03/09 - San Fransisco’s Solar Powered Bus Stop
KeelyNet Why does a bus stop need to be solar powered, you ask? To power its LED lighting, intercom system and even a wireless router - at least, that’s how it is with these swanky new bus stops being installed in San Fransisco. The stop you see up above is the first of the 1,100 wavy-topped, solar-powered bus stops the city wants to roll out by 2013. For anyone who relies on public transportation, that dedicated, low power lighting sounds great during a late night commute. For everyone else, a city-wide blanket of Wi-Fi is just awesome. The stops also give whatever energy they don’t use back to the grid, and are built using mostly recycled materials. - Source

06/03/09 - Biofuel plants can't compete with diesel prices
Less than three years ago two West Tennessee biodiesel plants opened with the potential to produce millions of gallons of biodiesel fuel annually, but today the plants are idle. Milagro Biofuels and Memphis BioFuels opened in Memphis when the renewable fuels industry seemed to have a limitless future, and Memphis appeared poised to become a pivotal hub. Now it is uncertain when or if they'll resume production. The local shutdowns are part of a national collapse that's ravaged the biodiesel market after years of exponential growth. At least a third of all biodiesel plants across the nation have ceased operation, and production this year is expected to be no more than half last year's total of 700 million gallons. - Source

06/03/09 - Space 2.X: The Private Rocket Race Takes Off
Eschewing the traditional startup trappings of two college grads eating ramen, watching Adult Swim and coding until the wee hours of the night, SpaceX instead employs hundreds of brainiacs and builds its rockets in a massive hangar that once housed a 747 assembly line. If the company’s newest rocket, the Falcon 9, successfully completes its two scheduled launches this year, it will rendezvous with the International Space Station in 2010. After that, it will officially begin its mission as NASA’s Commercial Orbital Transportation Services platform, replacing the space shuttle as the method for transporting cargo and crew to the ISS. SpaceX launched its first rocket, the Falcon 1, last September, placing a dummy payload into orbit. Space enthusiasts are holding their breath to see how Falcon 9 performs. - Source

06/03/09 - Space headache a real phenomenon
After quizzing 17 seasoned astronauts they found more than two-thirds suffered from headaches on missions yet were headache free back on earth. The disabling headaches appeared unique - described by the crew as "exploding" - and were generally unrelated to common space motion sickness. Researchers believe there are a number of reasons why space travel could cause headaches, the root cause being microgravity. Microgravity is known to cause lower oxygen levels in the blood and this may be the trigger for space headache. It can also cause a shift in the body's fluid towards the brain which would raise intracranial pressure - another possible trigger. Most of the headaches were of moderate intensity, but were bothersome to the astronauts and many needed to take headache pills. - Source

06/03/09 - Earth's protective shield is stealing our air
KeelyNet At the poles, the magnetosphere might be aiding loss of the atmosphere, according to Stas Barabash of the Swedish Institute of Space Physics in Kiruna, who is principal investigator for the European Space Agency's Venus Express mission. Barabash bases his suggestion on measurements of the flow of ions escaping from Venus, Mars and Earth. It is thought that Venus has never had a magnetosphere, whereas Mars did until its magnetic dynamo wound down 3.5 billion years ago. Taking into account the different masses of the three planets, their atmospheric make-up and their distance from the sun, Barabash compared the rate of loss of oxygen ions from each one. He focused on oxygen ions because these are the most abundant ions in the ionospheres of all three planets. He found that Earth lost oxygen around three times as fast as the other planets. Barabash points out that a planet's magnetosphere will always be far larger than the planet itself or its atmosphere. This, he reasons, means that a planet with a magnetic field will absorb more energy from the solar wind than it would if it didn't have one. This extra energy would be funnelled down towards the magnetic poles, so molecules in the ionosphere above these regions could be accelerated enough to escape (see diagram). Barabash presented the results this month at the International Conference on Comparative Planetology at Noordwijk in the Netherlands. - Source

06/03/09 - Acid seas 'attacking shellfish, corals'
Seventy academies from around the world urged governments meeting in Bonn for climate talks from June 1-12 to take more account of risks to the oceans in a new UN treaty for fighting global warming due to be agreed in Copenhagen in December. The academies said rising amounts of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas emitted mainly by human use of fossil fuels, were being absorbed by the oceans and making it harder for creatures to build protective body parts. The shift disrupts ocean chemistry and attacks the "building blocks needed by many marine organisms, such as corals and shellfish, to produce their skeletons, shells and other hard structures", they said. On some projections, levels of acidification in 80 per cent of Arctic seas would be corrosive to clams that are vital to the food web by 2060, it said. And "coral reefs may be dissolving globally" if atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide were to rise to 550 parts per million (ppm) from a current 387 ppm. Martin Rees, president of the Royal Society, the British science academy, said there may be an "underwater catastrophe". "The effects will be seen worldwide, threatening food security, reducing coastal protection and damaging the local economies that may be least able to tolerate it," he said. - Source

06/03/09 - Homeopathy urgently condemned for serious diseases
Young medics call on WHO to condemn homeopathy promotion for HIV, TB, malaria, influenza and infant diarrhoea. In a letter to the World Health Organisation today, early career medics and researchers are calling for the body to issue a clear international communication about the inappropriate use of homeopathy for five serious diseases. They say they are frustrated with the continued promotion of homeopathy as a preventative or treatment for HIV, TB, malaria, influenza and infant diarrhoea. The Voice of Young Science network has joined with other early career medics and researchers working in developing countries to send the letter, in advance of a ‘Homeopathy for Developing Countries’ conference in the Netherlands on 6th June. The letter: # Explains that medics working with the most rural and impoverished people of the world already struggle to deliver the medical help that is needed. The promotion of homeopathy for serious diseases puts lives at risk. # Lists some of the examples of recent and planned developments of homeopathic clinics offering treatment for these five conditions. # Asks the WHO to make clear that homeopathy cannot prevent or treat these five conditions. Leading experts in malaria, HIV and other serious diseases affecting the developing world are supporting the young medics’ and researchers’ call for the WHO to take action. - Source

06/03/09 - The Truth Behind NASA's UFO Videos
A batch of raw footage from decades-old NASA missions shows zipping lights and strange objects in the sky. Recently posted on YouTube, the clips are renewing UFO conspiracy theories that the government is hiding knowledge about its interactions with intelligent life. The footage covers a number of missions, and a range of mysterious objects — in a clip featured on the science fiction blog io9, a bizarre object rotates within the frame, seeming to morph from one shape to another as the cameraman casually tracks it. Thomas Jones, a former shuttle mission specialist and payload commander and co-author of "Planetology: Unlocking the Secrets of the Solar System," was on that mission — STS-80, which also took place in 1996 — and provided this description of the footage. "A few ice crystals or flakes of thruster residue in the near field are floating by, get hit by a thruster exhaust plume and zip out of the scene." - Source

06/03/09 - DARPA killer AI robots to 'participate in own construction'
You've got your robots which can make copies of themselves, of course. That's pretty scary - a runaway exponentially-multiplying machine horde, potentially able to overrun the human race in an eyeblink. But how much more scary would it be if you had a machine which could not only make copies of itself once complete, but could also participate in its own construction while it was still being built? Really quite a lot more scary, we say here on the Reg mechanoid-armageddon desk. One should bear in mind that Dr Mike Cox of DARPA has already said that SELF could be placed in charge "in the near term" of heavily armoured, hideously beweaponed main battle tanks or strike planes laden with blockbuster bombs. "Tasks in its repertoire", then, might include "destroy all moving objects within 100 miles not designated as 'friendly'" or "mount an immediate armoured assault on Beijing, regardless of nuclear response". The prospect of the software unilaterally "trying to perform those tasks to verify functionality" doesn't seem reassuring. In any case, it seems plain that building a system focused on "high-level cognition" which can "participate in its own construction" will be fraught with difficulty. You might have a notion of what you'd like it to be, but it will have its own ideas. By definition, one would have no firm picture of just what would be unleashed upon an unsuspecting world at the end of the construction process - but you would know that it'd be potentially able to make more of itself, or indeed repair itself if it got damaged. It might also be rather difficult to stop the process of building the SELF, once it had advanced beyond a certain point. Frankly the only way to be sure it can be stopped would seem to be to stop it now. - Source

High Voltage & Free Energy Devices Handbook
KeelyNet This wonderfully informative ebook provides many simple experiments you can do, including hydrogen generation and electrostatic repulsion as well as the keys to EV Gray's Fuelless Engine. One of the most comprehensive compilations of information yet detailing the effects of high voltage repulsion as a driving force. Ed Gray's engine produced in excess of 300HP and he claimed to be able to 'split the positive' energy of electricity to produce a self-running motor/generator for use as an engine. Schematics and tons of photos of the original machines and more! Excellent gift for your technical friends or for that budding scientist! If you are an experimenter or know someone who investigates such matters, this would make an excellent addition to your library or as an unforgettable gift. The downloadable HVFE eBook pdf file is almost 11MB in size and contains many experiments, photos, diagrams and technical details. Buy a copy and learn all about hydrogen generation, its uses and how to produce electrostatic repulsion. - 121 pages - $15.00 - Source

DVD - the Physics of Crystals, Pyramids and Tetrahedrons
KeelyNet This is a wonderful 2 hour DVD which presents one man's lifelong study of pyramids, crystals and their effects. Several of his original and very creative experiments are explained and diagramed out for experimenters. These experiments include; 1) transmutation of zinc to lower elements using a tetrahedron, 2) energy extraction from a pyramid, 3) determining mathematic ratios of nature in a simple experiment, 4) accelerating the growth of food, 5) increasing the abundance of food, 6) how crystals amplify, focus and defocus energy, 7) using crystals to assist natural healing, 8) how the universe uses spirals and vortexes to produce free energy and MORE... - $20 DVD + S&H / Source to Buy and Youtube Clip

14 Ways to Save Money on Fuel Costs
KeelyNetThis eBook is the result of years of research into various methods to increase mileage, reduce pollution and most importantly, reduce overall fuel costs. It starts out with the simplest methods and offers progressively more detailed technologies that have been shown to reduce fuel costs. As a bonus to readers, I have salted the pages with free interesting BONUS items that correlate to the relevant page. Just filling up with one tank of gas using this or other methods explained here will pay for this eBook. Of course, many more methods are out there but I provided only the ones which I think are practical and can be studied by the average person who is looking for a way to immediately reduce their fuel costs. I am currently using two of the easier methods in my own vehicle which normally gets 18-22 mpg and now gets between 28 and 32 mpg depending on driving conditions. A tank of gas for my 1996 Ford Ranger costs about $45.00 here so I am saving around $15-$20 PER TANK, without hurting my engine and with 'greener' emissions due to a cleaner burn! The techniques provided in this ebook begin with simple things you can do NOW to improve your mileage and lower your gas costs. - $15 eBook Download / Source to Buy

KeelyNet BBS Files w/bonus PDF of 'Keely and his Discoveries'
KeelyNet Finally, I've gotten around to compiling all the files (almost 1,000 - about 20MB and lots of work doing it) from the original KeelyNet BBS into a form you can easily navigate and read using your browser, ideally Firefox but it does work with IE. Most of these files are extremely targeted, interesting and informative, I had forgotten just how much but now you can have the complete organized, categorized set, not just sprinklings from around the web. They will keep you reading for weeks if not longer and give you clues and insights into many subjects and new ideas for investigation and research. IN ADDITION, I am including as a bonus gift, the book (in PDF form) that started it all for me, 'Keely and his Discoveries - Aerial Navigation' which includes the analysis of Keely's discoveries by Dr. Daniel G. Brinton. This 407 page eBook alone is worth the price of the KeelyNet BBS CD but it will give you some degree of understanding about what all Keely accomplished which is just now being rediscovered, but of course, without recognizing Keely as the original discoverer. Chapters include; Vibratory Sympathetic and Polar Flows, Vibratory Physics, Latent Force in Interstitial Spaces and much more. To give some idea of how Keely's discoveries are being slowly rediscovered in modern times, check out this Keely History. These two excellent bodies of information will be sent to you on CD. If alternative science intrigues and fascinates you, this CD is what you've been looking for... - Source

New Vanguard Sciences eBooks - Save a Tree! eBooks make great gifts!
KeelyNet Shape Power - Dan Davidson's analysis of the mysterious pyramid energies, Keely's aether force, Reich's orgone energy, Schauberger's diamagnetic energy, plus a host of others, and shows how shape and materials interact with the universal aether to modify the aether into electromagnetic, gravitic, and various healing energies... - Shape Power Youtube

KeelyNet The Physics of the Primary State of Matter - published in the 1930s, Karl Schappeller described his Prime Mover, a 10-inch steel sphere with quarter-inch copper tubing coils. These were filled with a material not named specifically, but which is said to have hardened under the influence of direct current and a magnetic field [electro-rheological fluid]. With such polarization, it might be guessed to act like a dielectric capacitor and as a diode...

'The Evolution of Matter' and 'The Evolution of Forces' on CD
KeelyNet Years ago, I had been told by several people, that the US government frequently removes books they deem dangerous or 'sensitive' from libraries. Some are replaced with sections removed or rewritten so as to 'contain' information that should not be available to the public despite the authors intent. A key example was during the Manhattan Project when the US was trying to finalize research into atomic bombs. They removed any books that dealt with the subject and two of them were by Dr. Gustave Le Bon since they dealt with both energy and matter including radioactivity. I had been looking for these two books for many years and fortunately stumbled across two copies for which I paid about $40.00 each. I couldn't put down the books once I started reading them. Such a wealth of original discoveries, many not known or remembered today. / Page 88 - Without the ether there could be neither gravity, nor light, nor electricity, nor heat, nor anything, in a word, of which we have knowledge. The universe would be silent and dead, or would reveal itself in a form which we cannot even foresee. If one could construct a glass chamber from which the ether were to be entirely eliminated, heat and light could not pass through it. It would be absolutely dark, and probably gravitation would no longer act on the bodies within it. They would then have lost their weight. / Page 96-97 - A material vortex may be formed by any fluid, liquid or gaseous, turning round an axis, and by the fact of its rotation it describes spirals. The study of these vortices has been the object of important researches by different scholars, notably by Bjerkness and Weyher. They have shown that by them can be produced all the attractions and repulsions recognized in electricity, the deviations of the magnetic needle by currents, etc. These vortices are produced by the rapid rotation of a central rod furnished with pallets, or, more simply, of a sphere. Round this sphere gaseous currents are established, dissymetrical with regard to its equatorial plane, and the result is the attraction or repulsion of bodies brought near to it, according to the position given to them. It is even possible, as Weyher has proved, to compel these bodies to turn round the sphere as do the satellites of a planet without touching it. / Page 149 - "The problem of sending a pencil of parallel Hertzian waves to a distance possesses more than a theoretical interest. It is allowable to say that its solution would change the course of our civilization by rendering war impossible. The first physicist who realizes this discovery will be able to avail himself of the presence of an enemy's ironclads gathered together in a harbour to blow them up in a few minutes, from a distance of several kilometres, simply by directing on them a sheaf of electric radiations. On reaching the metal wires with which these vessels are nowadays honeycombed, this will excite an atmosphere of sparks which will at once explode the shells and torpedoes stored in their holds. With the same reflector, giving a pencil of parallel radiations, it would not be much more difficult to cause the explosion of the stores of powder and shells contained in a fortress, or in the artillery sparks of an army corps, and finally the metal cartridges of the soldiers. Science, which at first rendered wars so deadly, would then at length have rendered them impossible, and the relations between nations would have to be established on new bases." - Source

$5 Alt Science MP3s to listen while working/driving/jogging
KeelyNetNo time to sit back and watch videos? Here are 15 interesting presentations you can download for just $5 each and listen to while driving, working, jogging, etc. An easy way to learn some fascinating new things that you will find of use. Easy, cheap and simple, better than eBooks or Videos. Roughly 50MB per MP3. - Source

15 New Alternative Science DVDs & 15 MP3s
An assortment of alternative science videos that provide many insights and inside information from various experimenters. Also MP3s extracted from these DVDs that you can listen to while working or driving. Reference links for these lectures and workshops by Bill Beaty of Amateur Science on the Dark Side of Amateur Science, Peter Lindemann on the World of Free Energy, Norman Wootan on the History of the EV Gray motor, Dan Davidson on Shape Power and Gravity Wave Phenomena, Lee Crock on a Method for Stimulating Energy, Doug Konzen on the Konzen Pulse Motor, George Wiseman on the Water Torch and Jerry Decker on Aether, ZPE and Dielectric Nano Arrays. Your purchase of these products helps support KeelyNet, thanks! - Source to Buy

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Cree Indian Prophecy
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Need an Energy Boost? - Try the MexiStim
the article tells you how to build or buy your own for $230 + S&H

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