EMS - Electronic Power that could change
the World's Economic Power Picture
This file was originally shared with the KeelyNet BBS by Chris Lightner on October 26, 1991.
Though harassed by the authorities, under-financed and ignored by
science, business and industry, Edwin V. Gray, a self educated Los
Angeles inventor has developed a revolutionary electromagnetic motor
that promises to greatly improve conditions for the world.
A vast new technology is opening because Gray invented a motor that
delivers super-efficient horsepower at lower cost with less wear and
tear than any other device known. His EMS motor takes a giant step
closer to the magnificent, whirring power plants visualized by
science fiction writers.
Implications for the auto industry alone are staggering: Gray
appears to have the answer to Detroit's dilemma involving practical
Ed Gray's name may well go down in history alongside the likes of
Edison, Marconi, Goddard and Bell - that is, if the establishment
will get off his back.
A social quality known as "resistance to change" and another called
the "economic status quo" have made his motor a tale of bitter
frustration. Most people would have quit in despair long ago.
However, tireless experimentation and remarkable determination have
paid off in a technological triumph that brings the heretofore
untapped source of static electricity into the workhouse of man. Any
expert can tell you "static electricity will not do work." Gray is
slowly and doggedly proving the experts wrong.
His battle is not over, but perhaps the tide is finally turning in
his favor. His corporation, EvGray Enterprises, is seeking the
necessary financing to further develop the motor. His efforts were
thwarted by serious legal problems which recently were resolved when
he agreed to enter a guilty plea to a minor Securities and Exchange
Thus nearly two years of legal entanglements came to a close. The
legal costs alone have been near ruinous. He's won some important
battles, but he could yet lose the war.
Gray's start in life wasn't promising. He was one of six children of
a poor Washington, D.C. family and grew up in the streets. Few
suspected he had the stuff of a genius. Like many kids, he was
fascinated by engines and motors, but his thinking about them went
far beyond normal curiosity. He wanted to know more than just what
made them run.
Gray dropped out of school at 14 and began tinkering with ideas. He
was so lacking in formal education that he did not realize for some
time that his thinking was both original and far advanced.
Three things about electricity fascinated him:
(1) a capacitor can store an electric charge and release it on
(2) pulses of electricity can be sent out and brought back,
(3) lightning bolts seem to be more powerful when closer to
the earth where the atmosphere is heaviest.
These were facts known to every physicist. But to most such
scientists, they were unrelated facts. Ed Gray's genius was in
correlating this knowledge into new technology.
"I remember getting a shock when I grabbed a charged
capacitor off a work bench," he recalled. "That simple fact
never left my mind. Then I watched when the government
people were testing the first radar across the Potomac River
- it stuck in my mind when one of the men explained it as
`pulse out, pulse back.'
"And I've always been a nut about thunderstorms. I watched
lightning by the the hours. I noticed how much stronger it
appeared to be when closer to the earth and just naturally
concluded that more air had something to do with it."
These three principles, plus a super secret means of generating and
mixing static electricity, make up Gray's EMS motor.
Gray grew to adulthood, married, divorced and married again. For 22
years, the idea of a special new kind of motor turned over and over
in his mind. Meanwhile, he had moved to Southern California where he
maintained a workshop and sought the advice of knowledgeable men.
Bit by bit, his ideas began to take shape.
By 1973, Gray was ready to demonstrate his motor to the world.
Wisely, he had incorporated himself to prevent the EMS motor from
being gobbled up by some industry giant who might want to suppress
As early as 1957, Gray was pounding the pavement seeking financial
backers. Over the years he picked up 788 stockholders, all friends
or friends of friends. This fact was to stand Gray in good stead
later when the Los Angeles County District Attorney hit him with
questionable charges of fraud.
From 1957 to 1972, Gray raised about $2 million to make the EMS
motor a reality. That same year he incorporated and built the first
Still, more money was a big need. He approached top electronics and
automotive firms such as General Dynamics, Rockwell International,
Ford, General Motors and the like. Usually he was turned away. "When
they did listen to me and got a little interested, it turned out
they wanted 90 per cent. Then it was I who did the turning away," he
Gray had interested some top experts, though, men who offered the
benefits of their knowledge to his fledgling firm. They included
Richard B. Hackenberger, an electronics engineer who had served Sony
and Sylvania, as well as Fritz Lens, a master machinist who
understood what Gray was trying to accomplish. In spring, 1973, Gray
and his associates unveiled the EMS motor to the world.
In the workshop, a six-volt car battery rested on a table. Lead
wires ran from the battery to a series of capacitors which are the
key to Grays's discovery. The complete system was wired to two
electromagnets, each weighing a pound and a quarter.
The first demonstration proved that Gray was using a totally
different form of electrical current - a powerful but "cold" form of
As the test started, Gray said: "Now if you tried to charge those
two magnets with juice from the battery and make them do what I'm
going to make them do, you would drain the battery in 30 minutes
and the magnets would get extremely hot."
Fritz Lens activated the battery. A voltmeter indicated 3,000 volts.
Gray threw a switch and there was a loud popping noise. The top
magnet flew off with powerful force. Richard Hackenberger caught it
in his bare hand.
What happened was that Gray had used a totally different form of
electrical current - a "cold" form of energy. The fact that
Hackenberger caught the magnet and was not burned was evidence
enough of that.
It was a moment in history perhaps as important as the day in 1877
when Thomas A. Edison threw a switch which lit up a glass bulb that
continued to glow all day and part of the next.
The demonstration was witnessed by two unbiased experts and the
author of this article, who later printed the story of what he had
seen in a national publication.
"The amazing thing is that only a small per cent of the energy was
used. Most of it went back into the battery," Hackenberger said.
Actually, two "improbables" had been demonstrated that day. The
second was characterized by the lack of heat generated in the
magnet, excessive heat being one of the big drawbacks in utilizing
electronics advancements. The successful test seemed to be Ed Gray's
big break. In reality, his real troubles were just beginning.
The publicity about the test brought Gray to the attention of a firm
in Denver which agreed to back him with several million in new
capital over a period of a few years. At the time, Gray planned to
test market the EMS motor in a radically new auto body called the
"Fascination," developed by Paul Lewis of Sidney, Nebraska.
The first prototypes were due on January 1, 1974. But by then
mysterious things had started to happen - misfortunes Gray suspects
were created by persons working to undermine his motor's
development. The Fascination trial was dropped.
In July, 1974, raiders from the Los Angeles County District
Attorney's office descended on Grey's plant in Van Nuys. They
confiscated plans, records and the latest working prototype of the
Investigators for the D.A. threatened to file a variety of charges
against Gray, ranging from fraud to grand theft. Yet months passed
and no charges were brought. The investigators defied all attempts
by the inventor's lawyers to get the confiscated materials returned.
Meanwhile, the D.A.'s men sought out Gray's investors and tried to
convince them to prefer charges against him. All refused.
Finally, eight months after the raid, the D.A.'s office brought a
series of charges against Gray, including grand theft, by claiming
he had raised money from investors by means of a hoax. But all the
serious charges were dropped when it when it was proved they were
Remaining were two counts of violating SEC regulations. In late
March, 1976, Gray pleaded guilty to these misdemeanors, paid a fine
and was freed.
The long-drawn legal hassle had other serious consequences. The
major financing promised by the Denver firm was cut off after only a
fraction of the money had dribbled in. Fortunately, there was enough
to enable Gray to build a second prototype engine.
Today Gray is very careful in the claims he makes for his motor.
Even to discuss that which has already been proved to the
satisfaction of skeptical scientists could bring the law down on his
"There has been a lot more to the suppression of my ideas than meets
the eye," he said. "It is a wonder we have survived."
But survived he has - and if some big vested interest was indeed
behind all his woes, it may be too late for such a force to stop an
idea whose time may have come.
Powerful allies are now rallying to his cause. For example, Gray was
nominated for "Inventor of the Year" by the Los Angeles Patent
Attorney's Association last February.
Two highly respected scientists, Dr. Norm Chalfin and Dr. Gene
Wester of California Institute of Technology have publicly endorsed
Dr. Chalfin was present when Gray demonstrated the latest working
model in front of a stockholders' meeting.
"There is no motor like this in the world," Dr. Chalfin told
the group. "Ordinary electric motors use continuous current
and constantly drain power. In this system, energy is used
only during a small fraction of a millisecond. Energy not used
is returned to an accessory battery for reuse.
"It is cool running," Dr. Chalfin added, putting his hand on
the motor. "There is no loss of energy in the system."
Dr. Chalfin has placed his own considerable prestige on the line by
writing the text for Gray's patent applications, the uneducated
inventor finding the technical writing task beyond him.
At the same meeting, Dr. Gerald Price, Gray's patent counsel, told
the stockholders: "For discovering and proving a new form of
electric power, Mr. Gray has been nominated for the annual award
presented by the patent lawyers of Southern California."
Looking forward to prospects of a brighter future, Gray says he
wants to get the EMS motor into production and prove he has
discovered more than even his backers understand.
Gray is advised by his lawyers to make no claims. However, this
reporter who has followed Gray's work closely for four years has
seen and heard enough to feel safe in saying that the inventor may
be unlocking the key to a natural phenomenon referred to as "ball
With the combined use of capacitor discharge and spikes of energy
made up of mixed static and direct current, Gray conceivably could
get more out of a battery than a battery has stored in it, simply
because he is also tapping the huge reservoir of static electricity
in the atmosphere as his motor runs.
Scientists balk at this theory, but someday Ed Gray may back them
down another notch. He has already proved right about the capacitor
discharge motor idea. With that, his motor already is revolutionary
- it runs cool. That in itself could solve a myriad of heat-
resistance problems for industry. Cool running parts do not
experience the intense friction and wear out a quickly as overheated
If Ed Gray's motor makes its final breakthrough and goes into
general production, it may make the one time dropout into a giant in
history. It also could be a massive boon to mankind in the following
* It conceivably could power every auto, airplane, truck, train
and ship without using a drop of gasoline, kerosene or diesel
* It could cool or heat every American home at a fraction of the
present day cost.
* It could power the engines of all heavy industry - likewise
And it could accomplish all this without spitting a single speck
of pollution into the earth's atmosphere.
One question remains: How did Edwin Gray, an unschooled tinkerer,
bring together certain facts of technology and nature into a device
beyond the capabilities of brilliant, richly subsidized scientists?
"Someone trained in electronics simply would have looked at the
concept and said it cannot work," Dr. Chalfin said. "Gray did
not know this, and he made it work.
"As a result, he has provided the world with a totally new and
Newsreal Series, June, 1977
Vanguard note...sorry to report that Ed Gray died about 2 years ago. At this time we do not who has controlling interest in his company, EvGray Enterprises.