Originally posted on the KeelyNet BBS as HOLT1.ASC on 09/26/95
courtesy of James Hartman. Address comments to webmaster.
FIELD RESONANCE PROPULSION CONCEPT (NASA)
N80-19184 13 p HC A02/MP A01 CSCL 21C
G3/20 14761 - August 1979
NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
The speculative "propulsion" concept described in this
paper was presented at a special session of the 15th Joint
AIAA/SAE/ASME Propulsion Conference (June 18-20, 1979),
"Propulsion Concepts for Galactic Spacecraft". The concept
was developed as the result of private, unofficial research. NASA is
not involved in UFO research. However, the research which may be
stimulated by this paper could result in the verification of
essential elements of this concept and in feasibility studies
concerning the development of a new generation of NASA spacecraft. -
Alan C. Holt
A new propulsion concept has been developed based on a
proposed resonance between coherent, pulsed electromagnetic wave
forms and gravitational wave forms (or space-time metrics). Using
this concept, a spacecraft "propulsion" system potentially
capable of galactic and inter-galactic travel without prohibitive
"travel times" has been designed. The "propulsion"
system utilizes recent research associated with magnetic field line
merging, hydromagnetic wave effects, free-electron lasers, laser
generation of megagauss fields, and special structural and
containment metals. Research required to determine potential, field
resonance characteristics and to evaluate various aspects of the
spacecraft "propulsion" design is described.
FIELD RESONANCE "PROPULSION" CONCEPT
The field resonance "propulsion" concept has
been developed utilizing recent research into causes of solar flares,
magnetic substorms, black holes, quasars, and UFOs.
The concept is based on two assumptions:
(1) Space-time is a "projection" of a
higher dimensional space in much the same way that a hologram is a
projection or a subset of our space-time reality,
(2) A relationship exists between electromagnetic
/ hydromagnetic fields and gravitational fields - that is, Einstein's
long sought for unified field theory can be developed. Mathematical
relationships have been developed and theoretical concepts have been
proposed to describe the causes and effects associated with the
assumptions, but experimental data is required to develop the correct
theoretical basis for the assumptions (Rachman and Dutheil, 1979).
Specific research in a number of areas is needed and will be
There does exist, however, some astrophysical data
which tends to support these assumptions.
For example, astronomers have speculated that a
relationship may exist between black holes and quasars (white holes).
The energy and matter which leaves space-time in a black hole may
reappear at a white hole at some distant space-time point.
For this transfer of energy from one space-time point
to another to occur, some type of hyperspace or higher dimensional
space (4th & 5th) is required. Assumption 2 may be the cause of
the large amount of energy released in solar flairs.
In sunspot regions where solar flairs occur, the 2-3
thousand gauss magnetic fields are configured such that the positive
and negative polarities are in close proximity with each other. Where
the positive and negative magnetic field lines are nearly
anti-parallel a process called magnetic field line merging can take place.
In this process the oppositely directed field lines
break and re-connect expelling fields and plasma out from the sides.
As a result magnetic energy is converted into kinetic energy.
The magnetic field line merging process has been
proposed as the most likely explanation for solar flare eruptions.
However, some flares can release energy which equals 10% of the suns'
total output in a second. This large amount of energy is difficult to
achieve with the magnetic field line merging concept.
Thus it may be that the configuration of the magnetic
fields and associated hydromagnetic waves (oscillation of field
lines) may induce a "resonance" with gravitational fields
resulting in a release of gravitational as well as magnetic energy.
It is well known that the geometrical relationships of
the magnetic fields (and thus the field gradients) are more important
to the production of solar flairs than the magnitude of the field strength.
A strongly convoluted boundary between magnetic
polarities results in a high probability for large and frequent
flares. Another fact of interest is that hydromagnetic waves
generated by solar flare have been observed to propagate across the
chromospheric surface and trigger flares in other sun spot regions.
Alfven waves, which appear to be the dominant wave
form involved, change only the geometry of the field lines. This
effect also indicates that the initiation of solar flares definitely
depends on geometrical relationships as do the properties of space-time
and gravitational fields.
Magnetic field line merging has also been used to
explain the interaction of the solar wind (and associated fields)
with the Earth's magnetic fields at the magnetopause and the
generation of magnetic substorms which often are triggered by solar flairs.
The magnetic fields line merging process is also an
essential part of the field resonance "propulsion" concept.
UFO studies indicate that the unexplained (residual
UFO) phenomena may be due to extraterrestrial visitors,
parapsychological experiences, or a combination of the two. If some
UFO phenomena are caused by extraterrestrial visitors in very
advanced spacecraft, then the frequency of visits and the larger
number of different types of visitors (many different humanoids have
been described) imply an ability to cross large stretches of galactic
and inter-galactic space in relatively short time frames.
If the speed of light is a true limit of velocity in
space-time, then the potential extraterrestrial visitors must utilize
a form of transportation which transcends space and time to keep the
trip times short.
UFOs are often observed to disappear instantaneously.
In a subset of these cases, the UFO later reappears at a nearby
location implying a a disappearance from and a reappearance into space-time.
The high speed, right angle turns, abrupt stops or
accelerations of UFOs, and the absence of sonic booms despite
calculated speeds of 22,000 mph or more suggest that UFOs may
generate an artificial gravitational field or otherwise use
properties of space-time which we are not familiar with.
UFO propulsion systems appear to involve
electromagnetic or hydromagnetic processes as evidenced by radiative
effects on the environment such as burns, dehydration, stopping of
automobile engines, TV and radio disruptions, melting or alteration
of ground and road surfaces, power disruptions, and static
This data suggests that the unknown relationship
between electromagnetic and gravitational fields may be used in UFO
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PROPULSION CONCEPT
The concept of transcending space-time for
interstellar and intergalactic travel was felt to be a viable
possibility based solely on theoretical studies in physics and
astrophysics and UFO studies.
But with the postulation and potential discovery of
black holes, the potential for experimental support for this concept
in the near future has been established. Astronomers have already
speculated on the possibility that the mass and energy absorbed by a
black hole may reappear in white holes or quasars.
For mass and energy to be transported from one
space-time point to another without an observable connection implies
some form of higher dimensional space transcending space-time as we
The existence of a higher dimensional space would open
up new space travel possibilities since the connections between
space-time points through this hyperspace could involve laws much
different than those which are so constraining in space-time.
For example, if each space-time point can be assumed
to be unique and if a relationship does exist between gravitational
and electromagnetic fields, then each space-time point defined by a
geometric form (Einsteins tensor metric) would be expected to have
natural resonances with certain electro/hydro magnetic wave forms
(geometric forms) which are (effectively) higher or lower harmonics
of that space-time point (which is a "projection" of higher
The potential existence of the space-time harmonics
mean that if a craft at a specified space-time point artificially
generate a configuration of electro- /hydromagnetic fields which has
a resonance with a distant space-time point, a basic imbalance would
This imbalance would be out of harmony with the
"projection laws" which create the space-time properties
from higher dimensional properties.
Forces would be set in motion to re-establish a
balance which in this case require that the craft and its fields be
located at the space-time point where such field configurations are a
natural harmonic of that space-time metric.
The best analogy in every day life is that of tuning a
radio. The tuning knob in this case is the spacecraft's mechanism for
changing the configuration of the magnetic wave form. The radio
stations are various space-time points. For a radio, the signal
(which is always there) is manifested through the speakers associated
with the radio, for the field resonance system the speakers exist
only at the radio station.
Once the spacecraft's magnetic wave form is tuned into
a distant space-time point, that wave form is forced to manifest only
at that space-time point according to the "projection laws".
A means of generating the electro-/hydromagnetic
configurations which would be required remained a problem until the
study of magnetic field line merging and hydromagnetic wave effects
With the completion of recent thesis research, a
possible means for generating the magnetic wave was determined (Holt,
1979). This research along with the results of fusion research
resulted in the proposed implementation of a spacecraft which
generates megagauss magnetic fields which are oppositely directed.
These oppositely directed field lines will merge and
re-connect expelled field lines and plasma out to the sides. In this
initial concept, expelled field lines again meet oppositely directed
field lines and merge again, possibly forcing large amounts of
electromagnetic and hydromagnetic radiation outside the craft.
This concept is currently undergoing revision.
FIELD RESONANCE CONCEPT
In the proposed implementation high powered lasers are
used to generate the megagauss fields by the effects of non-colinear
temperature and density gradients (Kruer and Eastabrook, 1977; Max et
al., 1978; Nishihara and Ohsawa, 1976).
By alternately pulsing adjacent laser sets, the
location of the merging process can be made to oscillate back and
forth at a desired rate. The amount of laser energy can be varied to
alter the strength of the magnetic fields.
Thus by changing the laser's power and/or wavelength
and the pulse frequency, the resultant magnetic wave form can be
changed or tuned to the desired harmonic of a distant space-time point.
If flight to a nearby location is desired, the
magnetic wave form can be continuously re-tuned allowing very quick
and short space-time transformations. For an observer it would appear
to be a smooth flight in much the same way that we do not see the
individual frames of a film.
For large jumps or travel to very distant space-time
points, some means of preventing the tuning to intermediate
space-time points is required.
In recent thesis work it was shown that hydromagnetic
waves can inhibit or enhance magnetic field line merging depending on
a number of factors including the magnitude and frequency of the
hydromagnetic waves (Holt, 1979).
Thus by generating the appropriate hydromagnetic
waves, the generation of a coherent magnetic wave form can be
prevented until the laser characteristics have been adjusted so as to
generate the magnetic wave form which is a harmonic of the distant
Then the hydromagnetic waves can be stopped and the
magnetic wave form can develop. The medium in which the magnetic
field line merging occurs (vacuum, ionized gas, etc), energy storage
requirements, the pumping mechanism for the lasers, and crew control
interfaces are currently being studied.
To avoid large energy storage requirements, magnetic
pumping of the lasers may be utilized to allow a reuse of a portion
of the laser energy which is otherwise radiated.
It may also be possible to obtain substantial energy
during the initial part of the process of tuning to a new space-time
point through the resonance with gravitational fields.
By allowing the craft to continuously shift or
oscillate to new, nearby space-time points, a continual supply of
energy could be obtained while in a hovering mode.
The oscillation could be accomplished by the
modulation of magnetic field line merging by adjusting hydromagnetic
wave parameters. This technique would provide energy for the lasers
without disrupting major laser re-tuning processes.
The outer shape of the proposed spacecraft is a
"winged disc". The wings would be used for testing purposes
only and could later be eliminated following sufficient testing
(Grief and Tolhurst, 1963).
The magnetic field line merging process and the
effects of varying associated parameters requires extensive study.
Specific laboratory tests should be conducted, some of which could be
conducted in association with fusion research. These tests should be
supplemented by computer modeling studies and the collection of
experimental data on magnetic field configurations and hyromagnetic
wave fluctuations before and after solar flares and geomagnetic substorms.
The generation of megagauss magnetic fields by high
powered lasers and the effects of varying laser parameters should be
studied in laboratory experiments.
Much of this research could be accomplished in
association with fusion research.
Containment and protective materials and structures
for the spacecraft could also be a by-product of fusion research. The
pumping of lasers by the use of magnetic fields should also be
studied in laboratory experiments.
Extensive measurements of the radiation emitted by
UFOs would be extremely useful in gaining insight into the physics
and technology UFOs may represent.
These measurements should include photographic spectra
(using special filters for cameras), magnetic measurements (using
high sensitivity detectors), recording of radio frequencies, and the
use of geiger counters to detect high energy particles.
A large distribution of special detectors, as
described above, should be made to UFO investigators, police
departments, and other interested individuals. In addition, portable
modules containing sophisticated detectors should be located at
strategic positions in various countries to allow rapid transport to
high activity areas.
Effects on minerals, plants, animals, and humans
should be studied to gain insight into radiation emitted by UFOs.
Effects on humans such as burns, symptoms of radiation sickness, and
other body changes should be thoroughly investigated by physicians.
Regressive hypnosis should be used extensively to
obtain technologically valuable information from UFO close encounter
participants. Three dimensional models of exterior and interior of
UFOs should be made for cases which are significant from a
technological point of view.
As soon as some of the basic interactions are better
understood or after a thorough review of the state of the art of
hydromagnetic interactions is completed, small scale test models of
the propulsion system and spacecraft should be constructed and
extensive testing performed.
The testing should proceed hand-in-hand with the
results of other research. Several test models may be needed in case
one or two are "lost".
Since the field resonance concept utilizes two
unproven assumptions and currently unverified magnetohydrodynamic
processes, the concept is likely to require extensive modification
and perhaps a complete revamping following initial research activity
and subsequent feasibility studies.
I am confident, however, that the research
accomplished under the motivation of this or a similar propulsion
concept will result in theoretical and technological advances and
ultimate break through in propulsion and energy systems.
Note: I discovered this document in 1992 and felt after discussing it
with others on the Internet in 1995, that it may be of great use for
both engineers and other researchers who are part of the Keelynet.
This includes serious UFO researchers who investigate technical
properties. I further believe this type of propulsion may be what has
been seen over New York, Belgium in the past 10 years. Other
documents by Alan C. Holt have illustrated a "Winged Disc"
that have a circular center with the same glowing bright center seen
on Wedge-Shaped UFOs over many nations. The A.C. Holt Document
A80-38979 "Prospects for a breakthrough in field-dependent
propulsion" is the best illustration document I have seen on
this type of propulsion. - James Hartman