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15% fee of sales taken out monthly, works great! - JWD
Find something useful or interesting? It takes me AT LEAST 5 hours every news cycle to find goodies to code up and post. Many things here you can't find elsewhere on the net. Now ain't my time worth SOMETHING?
Just $1 a MONTH subscription (choose more if you wish from the links below) from all the 2,000-3,000 visitors a month (just 1,000) and I'd be ecstatic. Your participation is much appreciated.
Now that rechargeable battery technologies have developed past the point of being abysmal, they've allowed a company called Dreamscience to create this set of handheld electric jet thrusters that make everything from snowboarding to rollerblading infinitely more awesome.
Because they're not quite ready for primetime just yet, Dreamscience isn't exactly forthcoming with technical details on its creation. But it credits recent advances in lithium polymer battery technology as making it possible to actually power four eight-kW motors that in turn spin fan blades at speeds of up to 30,000 rpm. And all without creating so much eat as to scorch whoever's using it.
In trial runs on snow, the Dreamscience thruster has propelled a snowboarder to speeds of up to 50 mph in seconds. And that's on a completely flat run, no inclines to help it along.
I love these propulsion gadgets because I see the day when we can reduce our weight by 'dimming gravity' so we weigh almost nothing. Then it's just a matter of pushing ourselves through the air using wings, jets or fans. It is closer than we know. - JWD
Arcology Geodesic Structures that aren’t just Domes
[Brian Korsedal] and his company Arcology Now! have developed a great geodesic building system which makes architectural structures that aren’t just limited to domes. They 3D scan the terrain, generate plans, and make geodesic steel space frame structures which are easy to assemble and can be in any shape imaginable.
Their clever design software can create any shape and incorporate uneven terrains into the plans. The structures are really easy to construct with basic tools, and assembly is extremely straight forward because the pole labels are generated by the design software. Watch this construction time lapse video.
At the moment, ordering a structure fabricated by the company is your only option. But it shouldn’t be too hard to fabricate something similar if you have access to a hackerspace. It may even be worth getting in touch with Arcology now! as they do seem happy collaborating to make art like the Amyloid Project, and architectural structures for public spaces and festivals like Lucidity. Find out what they are up to on the Arcology Now! Facebook page.
Arcology Geodesic Structures that aren’t just Domes
Cosmos Could Have Formed Spontaneously From Nothing
"One of the great theories of modern cosmology is that the universe began in a Big Bang. It's backed up by numerous lines of evidence, such as the cosmic microwave background and so on. But what caused the Big Bang, itself?
For many years, cosmologists have fallen back on the idea that the universe formed spontaneously; that the Big Bang was result of quantum fluctuations in which the universe came into existence from nothing. But is this compatible with what we know about the Big Bang itself and the theories that describe it?
Now cosmologists have come up with the first rigorous proof that the Big Bang could indeed have occurred spontaneously and produced the universe we see today. The proof is developed within a mathematical framework known as the Wheeler-DeWitt equation. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle allows a small region of empty space to come into existence probabilistically due to quantum fluctuations.
Most of the time, such a bubble will collapse and disappear. The question these scientists address is whether a bubble could also expand exponentially to allow a universe to form in an irreversible way.
Their proof (PDF) shows that this is indeed possible. There is an interesting corollary: the role of the cosmological constant is played by a property known as the quantum potential.
This is a property introduced in the 20th century by the physicist David Bohm, which has the effect of making quantum mechanics deterministic while reproducing all of its predictions. It's an idea that has never caught on. Perhaps that will change now."
Although that goal is at least 20 years away, ITER is already burning through money at a prodigious pace.
The United States is only a minor partner in the project, which began construction in 2008. But the U.S. contribution to ITER will total $3.9 billion — roughly four times as much as originally estimated — according to a new cost estimate released yesterday.
That is about $1.4 billion higher than a 2011 cost estimate, and the numbers are likely to intensify doubts among some members of Congress about continuing the U.S. involvement in the project."
"Young people, when choosing a profession, are often told to 'do what you love.' That's why we have experts in such abstruse fields as medieval gymel.
But let's talk hypotheticals: if there's a worldwide catastrophe in which civilization is interrupted, somebody specializing in gymel wouldn't provide much use to fellow survivors. In a post-apocalypse world, medical doctors would be useful, as would most scientists and engineers.
The bad news for Slashdotters is that decades without computers would render computer science and related professions useless.
What do you consider to be the most useful and mostly useless post-apocalypse professions? How long would it take for society to rebuild enough for your profession to be useful?"
Are You Apocalypse-Useful?
Researchers should 'confront the dangers at hand,' the authors write, and 'rethink' how academic research is funded, staffed, and organized. Among other issues, the team suggests that the system may be producing too many new researchers and forcing them to compete for a stagnating pool of funding."
Commentary - What I don't like about these proposals is the stench of elitism that encircles them. As I have said repeatedly, one of the design virtues (even if imperfectly realized) of the NIH system is the respect for the democracy of ideas. In theory, anyone can propose a fundable study by coming up with a great idea that simply must be done.
The alternative that is being proposed here is that we select good scientists at the beginnings of their careers and that is it. They get the money even if someone else has a better idea. Because that someone else may not have been selected in the beginning and will now never be able to get into the racket.
The racket will be dominated by pedigree, you better believe it. Not good.
Everyone has biases. EVERYONE! The only tried and true solution is the competition of biases which requires diversity. We need junior scientists in the mix. We need people from a diversity of institution types. We need people of diverse backgrounds and interests. We need a diversity of scientific approaches, orientations and interests. All competing on a more or less equal footing. It is the only way to minimize biases of review.
Low Level PEMFs to Heal and Rejuvenate the Body
(This is a version of the Beck Stimulator - JWD) - "10 Hz square wave stimulation caused neural tissue regeneration 4 times over baseline, NASA didn't dig deep enough to explain why cell regeneration QUADRUPLED under 10 Hz pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) or why the genetic effects occurred ONLY at 10 Hz pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF).
Also something completely unexpected was found: 10 Hz and 10 Hz only turned 120+ maturation genes OFF and switched 120+ developmental genes ON! This effect can only be due to such immense amounts of energy being generated by the cell.
Very plainly the cell is detoxified with all this extra energy and literally "tricked" into believing it is young again. It is not outside the realm of possibility that it will be found genetic and chromosomal repair, and lengthening of telomere is accomplished also. The longevity effect on the human organism is staggering (NASA-Goodwin, 2003).
Utilizing 10 Hz stimulation, mitochondrial density at the nerve synapse was doubled, nerve synapse energy was tripled. These synergistic changes took only 5 minutes to manifest. It is prudent to consider Tong first stimulated at sub-hertz rate of 0.5 Hz for just two minutes and both mitochondrial density and nerve junction energy parameters fell by 20%. However within 5 minutes at 10 Hz both measurements soared. Compare mitochondrial density of unstimulated mitochondria (white circles) w/ 10 Hz stimulated mitochondria (black circles); compare TOTAL ENERGY at synapse junction unstimulated (white circles) w/ 10 Hz stimulated (black circles). Mitochondrial density change = 2x+ and Synapse Energy change = 3x+ so each mitochondria increased its energy production by 50% within 5 minutes."
Magnetic polarity - The magnetic north pole, from which the magnetic field lines escape, has stimulating effect (similar to antioxidant / alkaline), the magnetic south pole has an inhibitory effect (similar to oxidative / acidic). With the Parapulser® you can apply both polarities individually or in a toggle mode. North (n) is red (= activating), south (s) is blue (= soothing). During a pulse sequence, the north pole of the Parapulser® is recognizable by repelling the north pole of a compass needle, while the south pole attracts it.
About the Beck video - "A Patient Cured is a Customer Lost" - This is the full version of the Bob Beck Protocol lecture - almost 2h long but full of so much good stuff. This video just had to be immortalised after Bob's death so people all over the world can help themselves to inexpensive and highly effective treatments rather than put our trust in the corrupt and useless health industry.
What if someone could come up with a simple system costing pennies to eliminate all pathogens including the HIV virus - do you think the world would jump at it - wrong! That means a cure for all diseases including cancer and leukaemia. Well that's exactly what Dr Steven Kaali invented - a simple blood electrification system that kills all known pathogens and got a patent in just six months.
This was such a threat to the Big Pharma that they went to all sorts of trouble in order stop this incredible invention leaking out to the public. This really incensed Dr Robert (Bob) Beck who decided to do something about this corruption and came up with the his own Bob Beck protocol which does not need the removal of blood from the body like Dr Kaali's invention and published the schematics to his machines on the interent (which went viral) before he died a few years later. I wish Dr Rife had done the same thing instead of trying to patent a technology that was un-patentable but enormous benefit to mankind - greed always gets the better of us don't you think?
In 1990, an astounding discovery was reported at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in NYC by Drs. Kaali and Wyman, resulting in Patent No. 5,188,738 being issued in 1993 entitled “Alternating Current Supplied Electrically Conductive Method and System for Treatment of Blood and/or Other Body Fluids and/or Synthetic Fluids with Electric Forces.”.
This research work involved an in vitro & in vivo human Blood Electrification process, which electronically sterilizes the blood, resulting in all known pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungus, being completely eliminated!
Their research had been anticipated 24 years earlier in 1973 with the research involved in Patent No. 3,753,886. Not surprisingly though, due to the stranglehold, that the Pharmaceutical Cartel has in the U.S., this revolutionary clinical data was almost totally suppressed. Other than a few News Articles such as the Science News: Mar. 30, `91 pg. 207, Longevity: Dec. `92/pg. 14, and Houston Post: Mar. 20, ’91 /Sect. A-10, plus the Patent No. 5,188,738, there has been a complete BLACKOUT since then in the News Media about this powerful medical technology.
The late Dr. Bob Beck delivered a health lecture you will never forget in 1997. Presented at the Granada Forum, explained known cures for AIDS, Lupus, Cancer and many other ailments. The method was entirely electronic, not herbal or pharmaceutical. The document with construction and full details to which Dr. Beck refers can be downloaded in .pdf form here.
Low Level PEMFs to Heal and Rejuvenate the Body
Inciting Hysteria and Promoting "Terrorism"
Bill Maher is right about how so many people are so easily led by mainstream media. Losing 3,000 at 911 versus the tens and hundreds of thousands who die from alcohol, smoking, car accidents, natural disasters, manmade disasters, etc.
Everyone turns a blind eye to these deaths, why? Because its not always in the news to steer our thoughts and decisions. There is no money to be made or paid political lobbying to purchase votes about dealing with the cause of all THOSE deaths.
What about the hundreds of thousands who die everyday from war, sickness, starvation, malnutrition, genocide, etc.. We turn a blind eye to that unless there is something in it for us, like OIL or natural resources.
We need to develop a sense of balance and not believe everything we are told as fact which causes us to LET BAD DECISIONS BE MADE IN OUR NAME to harm others and our country.
All a matter of selective manipulation of the news through enhancing versus minimizing the reporting slanted to favor a preferred view. And pounding that view into our soft little heads until we believe it and are all stirred up demanding action.
It's real simple, follow the money. Terrorism spawns loss of our rights and new "industries" that make billions where nothing exists to warrant their existence.
Unending illegal wars that spend many billions on weaponry and support to kill and maim tens of thousands or more trying to locate a punish a handful of fanatics. It is irrational and history will judge us for our stupidity in allowing ourselves to be so controlled by media and hype.
All done IN OUR NAME as one collective Bose Einstein Condensate harmonic body where everyone agrees to let this happen and worse, lets it CONTINUE TO HAPPEN.
Time to fracture the Dark Crystal that we have allowed to buy off and suppress our sense of right and wrong... Always, always, think what we all COULD BE and work to make it so! Lead by Example! - JWD
Inciting Hysteria and Promoting "Terrorism"
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It has recently been established that release of mitochondrial factors to the cytosol is a fundamental component of the cell death machinery during apoptosis. However, the spatiotemporal organization of mitochondrial signals at the subcellular level remains elusive.
The overall aim of the present study was to determine whether communication between mitochondria supports propagation of the apoptotic signal throughout the cell. Provided that the apoptotic signal can be spread by mitochondrial waves, it is also of great interest to unravel mechanisms that may allow discrete subcellular loci to initiate the waves.
The first wave is characterized by lower amplitude and higher rate of propagation, and disappears if the SR had previously been depleted, suggesting that it originates from the SR. The second, delayed wave is accompanied by mitochondrial depolarization and prevented by cyclosporin A (CSA), suggesting that it originates from mitochondria and is due to PTP opening.
These data establish the concept that intermitochondrial communication represents an effective means to ensure progressive spreading of the apoptotic signal throughout the cell, and in turn to synchronize the mitochondrial phase of apoptosis.
See 07/26/13 - Blue Glowing Death wave - British scientists have captured death spreading like a wave through the body of a worm, by studying the blue fluorescence that travels cell-to-cell until the whole organism is dead. Researchers from the Wellcome Trust and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) likened the spread of the blue glow travelling through the worm's body to that of the Grim Reaper, stalking death.
They believe that the research could eventually prove to be a useful model to understanding death in people and perhaps even lead to an increase in life expectancy. 'It’s like a blue Grim Reaper, tracking death as it spreads throughout the organism until all life is extinguished. 'We found that when we blocked this pathway, we could delay death induced by a stress such as infection, but we couldn’t slow death from old age. 'This suggests that ageing causes death by a number of processes acting in parallel.'
See The Restoring Life and Rejuvenation Collection - In short, Dr. Littlefield makes the astounding assertion that he can bring the dead back to life. n demonstrating his theory the doctor employs a solution of saline origin, with salt as the basis, saturated with oleoresin and exposed for several hours to an atmosphere of free ammonia. The chemical thus formed, he declares, is an exact reproduction of conditions existing in the human body.
Here, however the volatile magnetism is drawn into the body from the atmosphere through the lungs and finding present in body tissue mineral compounds the potent atmosphere is at once absorbed, held in bounds, and later compounded by natural processes with the tissue and organic formations. In other words, by securing through artificial means the solution which has proved so effectual in his experiments, the doctor asserts he is only duplicating on a small but comprehensive scale what occurs in the human body when air enters normal lungs and becomes the life-giving atmosphere of a normal body.
Having secured this saline solution, Dr. Littlefield reduces it to a powder. It is this powder he has employed throughtout his long course of experiments. For instance, having put to death a dog or cat by browing and allowed the corpse to remain long enough to convince anyone following his investigations that all life is extinct.
Dr. Littlefield takes the corpse and, without preparation of any kind, places it upon a heated stone or porcelain plate, brought to a temperature corresponding to that of the normal body, and covers it thoroughly with a light layer of the powder.
Within three or four minutes from the time the powder has been coated over the dead body, signs of life manifest themselves, and within fifteen minutes after the resuscitating methods were begun, in every instance, the subject has returned to normal life.
Propagation of the apoptotic signal by mitochondrial waves
The Holy Grail of ANY medical paradigm on this planet is a way to directly boost the integrity of the mitochondria and reduce oxidative stress. Search PubMed.gov or Google scholar for "mitochondrial dysfunction" (in quotes) adding any disease to that search and in 9 out of 10 (or more) disease states you will find relatively convincing evidence of coexisting mitochondrial dysfunction.
MoreATP is based upon the preposition that if one were able to sustain the body longer on a fixed amount of oxygen (oxygen in a single deep-breath of air); then that body HAS GOT TO BE EXTRACTING MORE USABLE ENERGY (ATP) OUT OF THAT BREATH OF AIR. MoreATP proposes an upregulation (in efficiency) of the oxidative phosphorylation process; and this is the ONLY plausible explanation.
According to Wikipedia air inhaled into the lungs is approximately 20% O2 and just .04% CO2; while breath exhaled is approximately 15% oxygen and 4-5% CO2. For MoreATP to be correct these ratio's would have to change with less O2 being exhaled. I have said many times that during these tests as they get longer and longer, the breath exhaled becomes smaller and smaller. Hmmmmm.
To draw an analogy between mechanical engines and the engines of our cells (hundreds to thousands of trillions of mitochondria), if mileage goes up, emissions MUST go down. Reducing the amount of free-radical creation and increased (rather than decreasing) ATP production is the Mitochondrial Theory of Aging in REVERSE!
I believe based upon the feedback from hundreds of clients; that pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) between 5 Hz and 15 Hz (Hz= beats per second) are this aforementioned Holy Grail.
How pulsed electromagnetic fields utilizing frequencies between 5 Hz and 15 Hz have proven such well established healing and regenerative effects, as those represented in 4 decades of literature with absolutely no side effects beside transient headache with rTMS.
Within the the range between 5 Hz to 15 Hz, dozens and dozens of studies NEVER failed to show beneficial effects in excess of 80% of test subjects regardless if subject species were two or 4 legged. These effects have been repeatedly well documented over the course of 4+ decades and through volumes of peer reviewed literature.
This range of frequencies provide roughly the same effect regardless of whether the stimulation is magnetic or electric in nature. However this paper will deal with pulsed electromagnetics as they are easier to control and since electric currents limit effectiveness by following the path of least resistance, such that homogeneous and systemic electrical stimulation is nearly impossible.
The moreATP proposition remains cohesive at frequencies as low as 2 Hz and as high as 20 Hz, regardless of tissue type (even plants), and particularly where tissue is damaged or debilitated and suffering underlying mitochondrial dysfunction; which is the rule rather than exception.
By default, this paper also provides a simple explanation for much of the documented effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as it is generally applied at under 20 Hz. It also provides a very simple explanation why stimulation at these frequencies provide such stunning effects overall regardless of the tissue type.
For monopolar square wave pulses, these transient features are determined by the rapid rise and fall of the pulsed electric fields. To determine effects on mitochondria membranes and plasma membranes, N1-S1 hepatocellular carcinoma cells were exposed to single 600 ns pulses with varying electric fields (0–80 kV/cm) and short (15 ns) or long (150 ns) rise and fall times. Plasma membrane effects were evaluated using Fluo-4 to determine calcium influx, the only measurable source of increases in intracellular calcium.
Mitochondria membrane effects were evaluated using tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester (TMRE) to determine mitochondria membrane potentials (??m). Single pulses with short rise and fall times caused electric field-dependent increases in calcium influx, dissipation of ??m and cell death.
Pulses with long rise and fall times exhibited electric field-dependent increases in calcium influx, but diminished effects on dissipation of ??m and viability. Results indicate that high frequency components have significant differential impact on mitochondria membranes, which determines cell death, but lesser variances on plasma membranes, which allows calcium influxes, a primary determinant for dissipation of ??m and cell death.
PEMFs to reverse Aging by Stimulating Mitochondria?
As of August 2013, 25 participating specialty societies had produced 1 or more Top 5 lists containing a total of 135 services," according to background information in the article.
Of the 135 services identified, 36 percent were for diagnosis or monitoring; 34 percent for treatment; and 30 percent for population screening. Most services were included in the Top 5 lists based on evidence that demonstrates equivalent but not superior benefit with higher risk or higher costs, or both, compared with other options. The second most common rationale was that there was not enough evidence to evaluate benefit for use of the service beyond the established indications, frequency, intensity, or dosage.
The authors assessed the rationales for selecting all 135 services. Overall, 49 percent mentioned greater risks to patients, 24 percent mentioned higher costs, 16 percent mentioned both greater risk and higher cost, and 42 percent mentioned neither. Of the 25 specialty societies, 60 percent had at least 1 service whose inclusion was justified in part by higher costs.
"Our data show that the issue of cost was almost always raised in the context of a service being judged as good as other options but more expensive. We believe that specialty societies should seek greater opportunities to include within their Top 5 lists services that offer only small incremental benefits at much higher prices," the authors write.
Criteria for 'choosing wisely' lists of least beneficial medical services
BBS: The Documentary (2005)
Long before the Internet escaped from the lab, connected the planet and redefined what it meant to use a computer there was a brave and pioneering band of computer users who spent their time, money and sanity setting up their home computers and phone lines to welcome anyone who called. By using a modem, anyone else who knew the phone number of these computers could connect to them, leave messages, send and recieve files.... and millions did.
They called these places "Bulletin Board Systems", or BBSes. And their collections of messages, rants, thoughts and dreams became the way that an entire generation learned about being online.
When the Internet grew in popularity in the early 1990s, the world of the BBS faded, changed, and became a part of the present networked world.. but it wasn't the same.
BBS - Bulletin Board System - A bulletin board system, or BBS, is a computer system running software that allows users to connect and log into the system using a terminal program. Once logged in, a user can perform functions such as uploading and downloading software and data, reading news and bulletins, and exchanging messages with other users, either through email, public message boards, and sometimes via direct chatting. Many BBSes also offer on-line games, in which users can compete with each other, and BBSes with multiple phone lines often provide chat rooms, allowing users to interact with each other.
Originally BBSes were accessed only over a phone line using a modem, but by the early 1990s some BBSes allowed access via a Telnet, packet switched network, or packet radio connection.
During their heyday from the late 1970s to the mid-1990s, most BBSes were run as a hobby free of charge by the system operator (or "sysop"), while other BBSes charged their users a subscription fee for access, or were operated by a business as a means of supporting their customers. Bulletin board systems were in many ways a precursor to the modern form of the World Wide Web, social network services and other aspects of the Internet.
As the use of the Internet became more widespread in the mid to late 1990s, traditional BBSes rapidly faded in popularity. Today, Internet forums occupy much of the same social and technological space as BBSes did, and the term BBS is often used to refer to any online forum or message board. Although BBSing survives only as a niche hobby in most parts of the world, it is still an extremely popular form of communication in Taiwan, China and other countries.
I'm so proud the Keelynet BBS was a part of that age as one of (if not) the very first alt science BBSes in the world, it was so much fun! Bill Beaty at Amateur Science seeded the internet with our collected files and there is no telling how many websites spawned from them. These documentary videos just kept me smiling while remembering it all. Ah, memories even at 56kbaud running Wildcat! 26 years later, STILL HERE, how's that for dedication and believing in what you KNOW WILL HAPPEN! - JWD
BBS: The Documentary (2005)
The Strangest Secret 1956 - Documentary | Motivational Video. Earl Nightingale (March 12, 1921 -- March 28, 1989) was an American motivational speaker and author, known as the "Dean of Personal Development.
He was the voice in the early 1950s of Sky King, the hero of a radio adventure series, and was a WGN radio show host from 1950 to 1956. Nightingale was the author of the Strangest Secret, which economist Terry Savage has called "...One of the great motivational books of all time". (From Wikipedia) A Synopsis.
This is one of the best motivational presentations I have ever had the pleasure to listen to. I can testify that THIS WORKS. I have a Feng Shui shrine in my house which I use to help me make money.
Many, many times, I email my friends telling them I have pinged my shrine and usually the next day, sometimes 2-3 max, I will have orders for CDs, DVDs, ebooks or Mexistims. I call it pinging because thats what you do.
I've been working on a small ebook about this so anyone can use it. It helps FOCUS YOUR MIND to help achieve your needs. Really incredible and this presentation is the best and well worth your time to listen and FOLLOW THE ADVICE. - JWD
The Strangest Secret will change your life
Turning "Whatever" into Electricity
A new generator with an innovative set of gears that converts random motion into unidirectional rotation. Dubbed the Whatever Input to Torsion Transfer (WITT) transmission, the recently patented device harvests six degrees of movement and transfers the motion to a flywheel that always spins in the same direction. The flywheel drives the turbine of a generator.
WITT Energy has joined with investors, universities, laboratories, and a manufacturer to produce and test the WITT. At the moment they’re focusing on ocean-based applications such as powering sensors on data-gathering buoys, generating electricity for water desalination, and harvesting energy to partially power sea vessels, reducing their fuel consumption. WITT Energy plans to produce the WITT in sizes as small as a ping-pong ball and as large as several meters in diameter.
While its most powerful application may be converting chaotic wave motion into electricity, a small model can be attached to a backpack or clipped onto clothing and used to recharge personal electronic devices. A tennis-ball sized prototype was able to generate up to 4 watts. The US military is exploring various modes of energy harvesting that will allow a soldier’s movement to recharge electronic gear. The WITT could become a welcome addition to that arsenal. (Thanks to Bruce D. for the headsup on this. - JWD)
Turning "Whatever" into Electricity
NASA's Stirling Engine
"This video describes the Stirling engine, an external combustion engine which creates heat energy to power the motor, and can use many types of fuel. It can be used for both stationary and propulsion purposes and has advantages of better fuel economy and cleaner exhaust than internal combustion engines. The engine is shown being road tested at Langley Air Force Base."
A Stirling engine is a heat engine operating by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas, the working fluid, at different temperature levels such that there is a net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work. Or more specifically, a closed-cycle regenerative heat engine with a permanently gaseous working fluid, where closed-cycle is defined as a thermodynamic system in which the working fluid is permanently contained within the system, and regenerative describes the use of a specific type of internal heat exchanger and thermal store, known as the regenerator. It is the inclusion of a regenerator that differentiates the Stirling engine from other closed cycle hot air engines.
Originally conceived in 1816 as an industrial prime mover to rival the steam engine, its practical use was largely confined to low-power domestic applications for over a century.
The Stirling engine is noted for its high efficiency compared to steam engines, quiet operation, and the ease with which it can use almost any heat source. This compatibility with alternative and renewable energy sources has become increasingly significant as the price of conventional fuels rises, and also in light of concerns such as peak oil and climate change. This engine is currently exciting interest as the core component of micro combined heat and power (CHP) units, in which it is more efficient and safer than a comparable steam engine...
Robert Stirling was the Scottish inventor of the first practical example of a closed cycle air engine in 1816... (Thanks to Darin S. for this interesting URL. - JWD)
NASA's Stirling Engine
When your project is ready to build, it’s time to find a PCB manufacturer. There are tons of them out there, but for prototype purposes cheaper is usually better. [Ian] at Dangerous Prototypes has just announced Dirt Cheap Dirty Boards, a PCB fabrication service for times where quality doesn’t matter too much. [Ian] also discussed the service on the Dangerous Prototypes forum.
The boards are definitely cheap. $12 USD gets you ten 5 cm by 5 cm boards with 100% e-test and free worldwide shipping. You can even choose from a number of solder mask colors for no additional cost. [Ian] does warn the boards aren’t of the best quality, as you can tell in the Bus Pirate picture above. The silkscreen alignment has some issues, but for $1.2 a board, it’s hard to complain. After all, the site’s motto is “No bull, just crappy PCBs.”
The main downside of this service will be shipping time. While the Chinese fab house cranks out boards in two to four days, Hong Kong Post can take up to 30 days to deliver your boards. This isn’t ideal, but the price is right.
Dirt Cheap Dirty Boards Offers Dirt Cheap PCB Fab
This is the best argument yet for implementing Star Treks Non-Interference Prime Directive. "It's a story we all know — Christopher Columbus discovers America, his European buddies follow him, they meet the indigenous people living there, they indigenous people die from smallpox and guns and other unknown diseases, and the Europeans get gold, land, and so on.
It's still happening today in Brazil, where 238 indigenous tribes have been contacted in the last several decades, and where between 23 and 70 uncontacted tribes are still living.
A just-published report that takes a look at what happens after the modern world comes into contact with indigenous peoples isn't pretty: Of those contacted, three quarters went extinct. Those that survived saw mortality rates up over 80 percent. This is grim stuff."
Isolated Tribes Die Shortly After We Meet Them
Science Is Running Out of "Great" Things To Discover
"John Horgan writes in National Geographic that scientists have become victims of their own success and that 'further research may yield no more great revelations or revolutions, but only incremental, diminishing returns.' The latest evidence is a 'Correspondence' published in the journal Nature that points out that it is taking longer and longer for scientists to receive Nobel Prizes for their work. The trend is strongest in physics.
Prior to 1940, only 11 percent of physics prizes were awarded for work more than 20 years old but since 1985, the percentage has risen to 60 percent.
If these trends continue, the Nature authors note, by the end of this century no one will live long enough to win a Nobel Prize, which cannot be awarded posthumously and suggest that the Nobel time lag 'seems to confirm the common feeling of an increasing time needed to achieve new discoveries in basic natural sciences—a somewhat worrisome trend.'
One explanation for the time lag might be the nature of scientific discoveries in general—as we learn more it takes more time for new discoveries to prove themselves.
Researchers recently announced that observations of gravitational waves provide evidence of inflation, a dramatic theory of cosmic creation. But there are so many different versions of 'inflation' theory that it can 'predict' practically any observation, meaning that it doesn't really predict anything at all. String theory suffers from the same problem.
As for multiverse theories, all those hypothetical universes out there are unobservable by definition so it's hard to imagine a better reason to think we may be running out of new things to discover than the fascination of physicists with these highly speculative ideas. According to Keith Simonton of the University of California, 'the core disciplines have accumulated not so much anomalies as mere loose ends that will be tidied up one way or another.'"
What??? How pompous and blind is this type of thinking? What about gravity, non-combusting fuel sources, healing, repairing and rejuvenating the body for no more hospitals, no more medicines, no more people with missing limbs or malfunctioning bodies. There are thousands of things we still need to figure out and learn to control. - JWD
Science Is Running Out of "Great" Things To Discover
Resonance Beings of Frequency
Despite it's dubious and sometimes plainly disturbing style, this movie is an eye opener in many important topics.
I recommend you watch this documentary abut the effect of various different forms of EMF. Yes it is long but worth it.??
Resonance Beings of Frequency
Now there's a new question buzzing around: Is Tesla Motors actually a carmaker, or is it really just a grid-storage company?
If you think about it, the company's stock price is too high for Toyota or Daimler to just buy it outright. So maybe Tesla's gigafactory will not only make batteries for its own electric cars, but it could also sell battery packs to electric utilities and others.
In reality, the gigafactory could become its own separate company and just sell the battery packs to Tesla, and others."
Who wants to mess around with batteries when fuel cells are so much simpler and more reliable? If Solar Hydrogen Trends can really pull off their amazing high volume, super cheap method to make hydrogen;
...claimed to have developed a reactor that with an input of 500 watts, produces an output of 2,797 cubic feet of hydrogen per hour (electricity equivalent 221.5 kWh), at cost of $1.80...
$53 Million To Find Flight MH370
"The search and investigation into missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 is already the most expensive in aviation history, figures released to Fairfax Media suggest.
The snippets of costings provide only a small snapshot but the $US50 million ($54 million) spent on the two-year probe into Air France Flight 447 — the previous record — appears to have been easily surpassed after just four weeks...
The biggest expense in the search has involved ships, satellites, planes and submarines deployed first in the South China Sea and the Malacca Straits, and then in the remote reaches of the southern Indian Ocean."
$53 Million To Find Flight MH370
How Many Does It Take To Colonize Another Star System?
"The nearest star systems — such as our nearest neighbor, Proxima Centauri, which is 4.2 light-years from home — are so far away, reaching them would require a generational starship. Entire generations of people would be born, live, and die before the ship reached its destination. This brings up the question of how many people you need to send on a hypothetical interstellar mission to sustain sufficient genetic diversity.
Anthropologist Cameron Smith has calculated how many people would be required to maintain genetic diversity and secure the success of the endeavor. William Gardner-O'Kearney helped Smith build the MATLAB simulations to calculate how many different scenarios would play out during interstellar travel and ran some simulations specially to show why the success of an interstellar mission depends crucially on the starting population size.
Gardner-O'Kearny calculated each population's possible trajectory over 300 years, or 30 generations. Because there are a lot of random variables to consider, he calculated the trajectory of each population 10 times, then averaged the results.
A population of 150 people, proposed by John Moore in 2002, is not nearly high enough to maintain genetic variation. Over many generations, inbreeding leads to the loss of more than 80 percent of the original diversity found within the hypothetical gene.
A population of 500 people would not be sufficient either, Smith says. "Five hundred people picked at random today from the human population would not probably represent all of human genetic diversity . . . If you're going to seed a planet for its entire future, you want to have as much genetic diversity as possible, because that diversity is your insurance policy for adaptation to new conditions."
A starting population of 40,000 people maintains 100 percent of its variation, while the 10,000-person scenario stays relatively stable too.
So, Smith concludes that a number between 10,000 and 40,000 is a pretty safe bet when it comes to preserving genetic variation. Luckily, tens of thousands of pioneers wouldn't have to be housed all in one starship.
Spreading people out among multiple ships also spreads out the risk. Modular ships could dock together for trade and social gatherings, but travel separately so that disaster for one wouldn't spell disaster for all.
Mars, Earth, Sun to line up Tuesday
Every two years, Mars reaches a point in its orbit called "opposition," when the planet lies directly opposite the sun in Earth's sky, according to Astronomy magazine.
This means Mars rises near sunset and remains visible all night long as it moves nearly overhead across the night sky.
It will be a bright burnt orange color, NASA's Mars Exploration Program reports, and almost 10 times brighter than the brightest stars in the sky.
"From our perspective on our spinning world, Mars rises in the east just as the sun sets in the west," NASA reports. "Then, after staying up in the sky the entire night, Mars sets in the west just as the sun rises in the east."
With no big storms forecast Tuesday night, according to the National Weather Service, Mars should be visible in most areas.
At their closest point next week, Mars and Earth will "only" be about 57 million miles apart. Another treat awaits April 14, when the full moon also will appear near Mars. Mars won't appear this big and bright again until its next "opposition" May 22, 2016, Astronomyreports.
Mars, Earth, Sun to line up Tuesday
There is also an incorrect story going around about Bison leaving (running away) from Yellowstone park (implying a natural ability to detect looming quakes).
Bison running on road fuels speculation that Yellowstone volcano will erupt - "Leckie explained on his YouTube description that the herd was running from Mammoth Hot Springs deeper into the park, not fleeing the park. "If the herd matriarch gets the urge to run, she will and the entire herd will run to keep up," Leckie wrote. This week he told the Los Angeles Times, "Those bison were running for the sake of running. There was nothing chasing them. There was no mudslide. They were just running."
Mars is entering into a conjunction (Sun - Earth - Mars). While the moon is now first quarter, and is scheduled to be a full moon on April 15, On Passover, and will also be a full lunar eclipse (Sun - Earth - Moon). Uh-oh!
The next moon perigee (closest approach will be 8 days later on April 23, which will be the farthest away moon perigee for the next 6 or so months. So, I say, here are the next EQ windows (moon perigees): +/- 3 days;
perigee - the point in the orbit of a heavenly body, especially the moon, or of an artificial satellite at which it is nearest to the earth.
(these events have been cherrypicked apparently trying to lend credibility to this mess)
4/15/2014 (should be 04/08 - 404,501 so this is wrong)
4/23/2014 perigee - 369764
5/18/2014 perigee - 367098
6/15/2014 perigee - 362061
7/13/2014 perigee - 358258
8/10/2014 â€“ The Closest Moon Perigee (Watch Out!) 356896
9/08/2014 - perigee - 358387
Not sure why people create these things and incorrectly at that, but it really doesn't help assuage fears so I think they should best be ignored.
You can easily check 2014 Lunar Perigees and Apogees - "The closest perigee of 2014 (Aug 10, at 356,896 kilometers), is marked with an asterisk; as is the farthest apogee (July 28, at 406,568 kilometers)."
Thanks to Paul and Patrick for the info, but I don't think there is sufficient cause for alarm based on this, but then I don't live near these places.
I live 5100 feet up in the Sierre Madre mountains and the one and only earthquake we've had in my 13 years here was 5 years ago with a magnitude of 3.9 at a depth of about 37 km in Jocotepec, Jalisco, Mexico.
About 20 miles from where I lived then. Walls shook and some fell, buildings cracked, telephone and power poles fell, vehicles shaking side to side, freaked everyone out. You can still see damage to this day. I don't think anyone died from it but its a very rare thing so nothing to get all worked up about. Nothing we can do about it anyway unless we learn to use 04/04/14 - 'Seismic Cloak' Could Slow Down an Earthquake .
Quakes - we're all gonna DIE!!!
The development of a liquid hydrocarbon fuel is being hailed as "a game-changer" because it would signficantly shorten the supply chain, a weak link that makes any force easier to attack.
US experts have found out how to extract carbon dioxide and hydrogen gas from seawater. Then, using a catalytic converter, they transformed them into a fuel by a gas-to-liquids process. They hope the fuel will not only be able to power ships, but also planes.
That means instead of relying on tankers, ships will be able to produce fuel at sea.
The predicted cost of jet fuel using the technology is in the range of three to six dollars per gallon, say experts at the US Naval Research Laboratory, who have already flown a model airplane with fuel produced from seawater.
Dr Heather Willauer, an research chemist who has spent nearly a decade on the project, can hardly hide her enthusiasm. "For the first time we've been able to develop a technology to get CO2 and hydrogen from seawater simultaneously, that's a big breakthrough," she said, adding that the fuel "doesn't look or smell very different."
Now that they have demonstrated it can work, the next step is to produce it in industrial quantities. A crucial benefit, says Collum, is that the fuel can be used in the same engines already fitted in ships and aircraft.
"If you don't want to re-engineer every ship, every type of engine, every aircraft, that's why we need what we call drop-in replacement fuels that look, smell and essentially are the same as any kind of petroleum-based fuels."
Drawbacks? Only one, it seems: researchers warn it will be at least a decade before US ships are able to produce their own fuel on board.